According to the World History, Mesopotamia means "land that joins two rivers"; a home to the world's first complex civilization Sumer. ( www.ancient.eu/Mesopotamia).It is totally believed that Sumer was indeed the first civilization that people radiated outwards from Mesopotamia to inhabit what is now Europe, Africa, Asia, and later, the Americas so Mesopotamia is very important. From Mesopotamia came many great civilizations. There is no doubt that Mesopotamia was the cradle of civilization, the place where all civilization began which can even be researched in the bible. Mesopotamia is not only important to various religions like Judaism, Christianity,
Although they had 2 water sources, the harsh warmth that came from the tropic of cancer caused droughts and dryness in the lands. With dryness crops and farms were depleted of resources when provided the entirety of the civilization. However, occasionally the rivers would flood leaving a layer of rich silt. Now that you have a rough idea of life, my explanation on why Mesopotamia was a civilization continues. As I mentioned before regarding the depleted resources, new ways were mandatory in order to put a plug on the famine that spread. Using their geographical location, they created trade networks within the surrounding rivers. This is one of various examples which supports the advanced cities characteristic. Being blessed with the resource of Rich soil, the Mesopotamian people made sure they would use and preserve such resource. Then farms were made to use the soil in making crops for food. Which the handy work of cooks and bakers, delicacies and traditional dishes surfaced pleasing the people. Such evidence proves that the Mesopotamian people had specialized people, which shows even more that they were in fact a civilization. However, with such climate, maintaining the richness was a
Geography impacted Mesopotamia by making trade easier, education harsher, and helped guide farmers to better resources. The name Mesopotamia is used to name the zone around the Zagros Mountains. Mesopotamia was first conquered in 5000 BC by the Sumerians. The Semites followed in 2900 BC. As they started arriving, they made peace with the Sumerians and established dominance. In 1600 BC an Eastern Indo-European group settled in northern Mattani (Mesopotamia). In 1450 BC they established a tolerable empire. The Hittites joined Egypt and in 1300 BC they enlarged. They dominated most of Egypt and scared the Pharaoh. The Kassites soon joined and used Babel as a capital. They didn’t have protection and constantly migrated from the Black and Caspian
The word “Mesopotamia” has its origins in Greek and its literal meaning is “the land between two rivers” . The four main civilizations that dominated Mesopotamia were the Sumerians, Akkadians,
Mesopotamian deities required humanity to worship and praise them. Basically, they were to be their servants. The humans expected, in return, the gods to stabilize nature and their surrounding and to provide good fortune. Gilgamesh learned that even with death, the legacy he leaves behind would live forever. Everything he accomplished and what he did as a leader will be in the hearts of his people. As a result of his quest, he had a better understanding of his purpose and the workings of god. Also, even in his dying days, he remained proud and was willing to except his destiny.
Productive agricultural economies supported the development of the world’s first complex societies, in which sizable numbers of people lived in cities and extended their political social, economic, and cultural influences over large regions. Because of new advancements and the creation of new cultures, Egypt and Mesopotamia have differences between them . Mesopotamia and Egypt were were both once complex societies created centuries ago. However, there is a differentiation between factors such as society, economy, political, military factors in this case for an example Egypt has differed with their political infrastructure by having one supreme ruler (a Pharaoh) who has authority amongst the land and inhabitants of Egypt, rather than in Mesopotamia
Whenever one considers amazing ancient civilizations, Egypt and Mesopotamia may come to mind. Egypt is known for their architecture, hieroglyphics, gods, and Pharaohs. Mesopotamia was one of the early civilizations that constructed cities, advanced farming, and created and enforced the first law code. Both blossomed into successful realms that exchanged revolutionary ideas. These cultures were important because of the power and influence they had on western advancements and the world today. Egypt and Mesopotamia demonstrated cultural achievements through government, religious beliefs, and society through shared similar ideas, but maintained their unique identity.
Around 3500 to 3100 BCE, the rise of civilizations occurred in two different regions; one in Mesopotamia, another in Egypt. Mesopotamia was a vast open region between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Egypt was an isolated region along the Nile that runs from South to North. Blessed by the surrounding rivers, these two remarkable ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt developed socially, politically and culturally with unique features. Both Mesopotamia and Egypt were similar in having a social class system to distinguish between different classes, as well as people’s value towards religion, and finally having the ability to pass information effectively. However, the government of Egypt had much stronger power to unify all the civilians
Human evolution in the Ancient Near East began when we ceased to hunt and gather; instead, humans settled down and began to develop agriculture, thus forming complex societies. Complex societies have laws, division of labor, and technology. Complex societies have laws because they establish order. Laws are beneficial because they distribute punishments to those disturbing the order. They are detrimental because the strength of the penalty depends on the social status of the offender. Complex societies also have a division of labor, so everyone isn’t doing the same job. Benefits of a division of labor include a larger variety of goods as well as accomplishing more work in less time. A major disadvantage
The Bronze Age took place in Mesopotamia from 3300 to 1300 BCE. The Bronze Age is known for the introduction of bronze into everyday society to build tools, weapons, and jewelry. The Bronze age is also known for bronze becoming a prominent part of life, cities growing, trade increase, and strong religious values. During the Bronze Age in Mesopotamia, religion played a key role in social structure and the success of communities.
The advancement of civilization initiated in Mesopotamia as higher levels of development matured through added civilizations in agriculture, cities, government hierarchy, writing, and building. Agriculture was the base of life that created food surpluses, free time to build, time to learn, and time to develop new ideas. In the settling of nomads brought cities that fashioned together to proliferate in population, and with those numbers contribute to the community. Arising from equalitarian hunting and gathering societies, civilizations created hierarchical governments in order to deal with the complexities of food surpluses, ownership, complex societies, and religion. Writing gave way to a higher class of education that only those superior to others received in order to preserve knowledge; communication, on the other hand, was available to most lower and middle class. Many
Some of the first civilizations started out in present day South America, Europe and the Middle East. Mesopotamia started coming together in 8000 B.C.E. located in present day Iraq and Syria, and the Chavin civilization was located in modern day Peru becoming prominent in 900 B.C.E. These two civilizations had many similarities in religious, political, and technological advancements mainly because the Mesopotamian civilization was a big influence to many others.
Although the Mesopotamians and Egyptians of 3500 to 1500 B.C.E. were similar due to social hierarchy and power roles, nevertheless, the differences between Mesopotamians and Egyptians are evident with politics. This is because of the way Egyptians saw opposing countries as enemies and how Mesopotamians saw other countries as trading partners.
Mesopotamia and Egypt were two of the first civilizations to emerge along the banks of large rivers. Ancient Egypt civilization was said to be around 3000 BC-2000 BC, while Mesopotamia 's civilization was around 3500 BC-1600 BC. During this time was the Aegean Bronze Age, where trade network, desire to conquer, imperialism and tool and weapon making was important. Egypt and Mesopotamia shared similar social structure, culture, and polytheistic views that were connected to their surrounding geography, although differences in their geography led to varying understanding on the nature of gods and the afterlife.
Mesopotamia collections of varied cultures whose real bonds were known as their scripts, gods, and attitudes toward women. The social customs, laws, and language of Akkad cannot be assumed to have similarity to those who are part of Babylon, however, the rights of women, importance of literacy, and the pantheon of the gods were shared throughout the region. As a result, Mesopotamia could be understood more efficiently as a region that manufactured many empires and civilizations. Mesopotamia is often known as the “cradle of civilization” because of the developments that happened in the region of Sumner. The world’s first urban