Allergic Rhinitis & Asthma Asthma and allergic rhinitis are linked by physiological, epidemiological, and pathological characteristics. They also follow a similar therapeutic approach. Many epidemiological studies reveal that the two clinical conditions (asthma and allergic rhinitis) frequently coexist. Some studies even suggest that the nasal symptoms are mostly found in nearly 75% of the patients affected with asthma (these estimates may vary between 6% and 85% cases, depending on the nature of study). To get a specific medication of asthma or cure complications associated with allergic rhinitis, patients need to consult an Ear-Nose-Throat specialist.
The history of the headache An acute onset of the headache of the patient’s life associated with a stiff neck. Figure 3 CT-scan & MRI An ill appearing patient on physical examination typically lead the health care practitioner to consider the diagnosis and order a CT (computerized tomography) scan of the head. If the CT scan is performed within 72 hours of the onset of the headache it will detect 93% to 100% of all aneurysms. Figure 4 Lumbar Puncture In the few cases that are not recognized by CT the health care practitioner may consider performing a lumbar puncture to identify blood in the cerebrospinal fluid that runs in the subarachnoid space. Angiography If the CT or the LP reveals the presence of blood angiography is performed to identify where the aneurysm is located and to plan treatment.
 2.4.13 Multi slice Helical Computed Tomography: When compared to the traditional computed tomography the Multi slice Helical Computed Tomography offers radiographic images of higher accuracy and resolutions. As Bennette and Maria note that this modality came with its advantages as greater detailing but had the limitations as delivery clear, which parented another modality as Dent scan Imagery which overcame the limitation which were with the Multi slice Helical Computed Tomography. [51,53] 2.4.14 Image Guided Radiography
Peritonitis Brenda Rodriguez Nursing 1106- Mental Health Nursing Donna Bledsoe, MSN, RN, PMHCNS April 9, 2018 Peritonitis Peritonitis is a medical condition arising from the inflammation of the peritoneum. The peritoneum is a functional layer that lines and protects the visceral organs. This condition ranges from mild to acute peritonitis, and the inflammation of this layer is an emergency medical situation that requires immediate action since it may progress rapidly to acute peritonitis and become life-threatening (Ramasubbaiah, 2013). In general, peritonitis can be caused by injury, translocation of gut flora, bacteria, fungi, and secondary to other medical conditions or medical procedures, such as, pancreatitis, tuberculosis, hepatic damage, and paracentesis etc. Depending on underlying cause of infection, it can be classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary peritonitis.
Breath sounds can divided into three type, normal, abnormal and diminished (Alexandra Hough, 2001). Breath sound is useful in diagnosing or monitoring respiratory disease and airway abnormalities, such as asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease (COPD), pneumonia and so on. It can be auscultate across chest wall with a stethoscope. A physician can auscultate breath sounds to detect
Interior duodenal stenosis also was found so Duodenoduodenostomy (diamond) was performed with Ladd's procedure after Gastro-jejunostomy (Omega) was made. From 30 to 60% of patients with malrotation or malfixation can have other associated congenital anomalies, either inside or outside the abdominal cavity. In our case the patient was also diagnosed with duodenal stenosis and anal stenosis . Anal stenosis caused her constipation early in life and was fixed with
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of CT scan in diagnosing bronchogenic carcinoma taking histopathology as the gold standard. OPERATIONAL DEFINITION Bronchogenic Carcinoma All those patients who had a pulmonary lesion on X ray along with history of symptoms like hemoptysis, weight loss, and recurrent pleural effusion etc. will be taken as possible cases of bronchogenic carcinoma. Diagnostic Accuracy of the investigation will be assessed via sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of CT scan taking histopathology findings as true negative or positive. MATERIALS AND
NAME: Cassianna Sookram ID#: 812003173 DATE: 20.04.2016 CASE REPORT: Retinitis Pigmentosa (Pathology 2) ABSTRACT This case looks at the clinical findings, causes, signs, symptoms, diagnostic tests and management options of a patient with retinitis pigmentosa. Keywords: Retinitis Pigmentosa INTRODUCTION Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is an inherited, degenerative eye disease that causes severe vision impairment due to the progressive degeneration of the rod photoreceptor cells in the retina. It may be inherited as autosomal dominant (seen often), recessive or X-linked. It must be noted that RP can also occur as an isolated sporadic disorder and it is associated with myopia. This disease has no preference for age, it can occur to anyone from early
• Too many investigations sometimes aggravate the symptoms of functional bowel disorder Hypothesis: Most of the chronic diarrhoea cases can effectively evaluate and managed in the out-patient department with minimum resources. Objective(s): Primary objective: To evaluate the socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of patients presenting with chronic diarrhoea in the out-patient setting (Ambulatory Care Unit) of Dhaka Hospital of icddr,b. Secondary objective: 1) To identify the predisposing factors of chronic diarrhea. 2) To identify the offending microorganism from stool of chronic diarrhea 3) To evaluate the factors associated with repeated health resource utilization 4) To examine the psychosocial factors and its impact on patients' quality of life. 5) To determine the frequency of organic and functional gastrointestinal symptoms specially IBS among chronic diarrhea patient.
Considering all of labor, the FHR pattern was category I in 77.9 percent of the time, category II 22.1 percent of the time, and category III 0.004 percent of the time. In the two hours before delivery, category I tracings were less commonly observed (60.9%) and both category II and category III tracings became more common (39.1% and 0.006%, respectively). They concluded that category I and II fetal heart rate patterns are more common in labour than category III. Increasing time in labour with a category II tracing in last 2 hours of labour is associated with increased short term newborn morbidity as seen by a low 5-minute Apgar score and increased NICU