Content Analysis is a research technique for the subjective, Systematic, and quantitave description of the manifest content of communication. (Barelson 1952:18). Content Analysis is a technique to make inference from a book. Content Analysis is any research technique for making inferences by systematically and objectively identifying specified characteristics of messages. (Holistri 1968:601).
Priest, Roberts, and Woods (2011) suggested that content analysis is a reliable method for analyzing qualitative data. The integration of qualitative content analysis as a method of examination of data in case study research.Bendersky and Kathleen (2011) stated that contemporary content analysis is a method that can offer an exploratory process with predictive intents.Qualitative content analysis involves searching the participants’ transcripts to locate themes and patterns to comprise meaningful units that consist of small bits of text that are independently able to convey a specific meaning. After the data was collected, data was categorized according to meanings generated from the sample. This method included a process that listed and categorized statements from the interviews to determine value. The data was then analyzed with focus on detailed narratives that explore patterns of the responses from the interviews.
4.1 Introduction An analysis is usually done with the direct purpose of not only coming to a conclusion but also supporting it and the assumption presented in the dissertation. Divided into two parts, the two main features of data analysis are the
It examines how texts are used to reflect and maintain dominant ideologies while suppressing those which do not fall within these ideologies. Moreover, discourse analysis is an interpretive process and is, therefore, subjective. As a result, the interpretation formed from the researcher’s
Data analysis is the process by which we obtain answers to questions based on the interpretation of the data. Data is collected from various sources, which provide the researcher with valuable information. Through proper examination of the data, the researcher is able to answer questions relating to interest, and later evaluating, summarizing and communicating the results. This analytical method helps to shine light to relevant topics, and issues that are at focus. Data analysis is crucial for understanding results from a survey, administrative sources and pilot studies.
In order to get the answer to the research questions, the study uses one form of qualitative research, content analysis. Content analysis works not only of texts but also of arts, images, maps, sounds, signs, symbols, even numerical records may be included the data texts serve as a convenient metaphor in content analysis. Berelson (1952) cited in Krippendorff (2013) claims that content analysis as "a study technique for the objective, systematic, and quantitative description of the manifest content of communication". Significance of the
(Budd, Thorpe, and Donohew 1967, p. 2)12 Characteristics of content Analysis: Almost all the researcher agreed with the view that the characteristics of content analysis must be objective, systematic and quantitative. • Objectivity: Objectivity is the necessary character of content analysis. The prerequisite of objectivity stipulates that the categories of analysis be defined so precisely that different analysts may apply them to the same body of content and secure the same results (Berelson 1952)9. • Systematization: The second attribute of content analysis is systematization. To get the appropriate result the various data must be arranged and analyzed systematically.
This analysis sees the meaning for the source in situation rather than the objective meaning. The analysis method construct the meaning of the text from the background and the situation. Both analysis methods are suitable for the research because the Topology method will used to categorized the data based on the category sets for the sources or interviewee then the researcher will see the situation of the problem form the point of view of the sources. After that, the data from the interviewee will be compiled and compared to conclude the
Singapore’s Defence One hard truth is that the Asia-Pacific region is still a potentially dangerous region region. According to the author, the Asia-Pacific region has had many events that could potentially cause huge conflicts. He referred to the standoff between China and Japan over the Diaoyu or Senkaku islands, North Korea 's nuclear programme and the South China Sea territorial spats. Singapore’s relationship with neighbouring countries such as Indonesia and Malaysia are also filled with rivalry and tension. This was seen in 1991, where Indonesia and Malaysia conducted a joint military exercise codenamed Malindo Darsasa 3AB on 9th August which was Singapore’s National Day.
Content analysis is a systematic approach to qualitative data analysis that identifies and summarises message content (Terre Blanche, Durrheim & Kelly, 2006). The in-depth interviews will be analysed according to the following five-step process of content analysis: (1) Familiarisation and immersion, (2) Induction of `themes,’ (3) Coding, (4) Elaboration, (5) Interpretation and checking (Terre Blanche et al., 2006, pp. 322- 326). Focus groups are selected to represent a cross-section of interests and attitudes within the parameter of the criterion that qualifies membership ie. .