There are two approaches according to Spady, the traditional and transformational. The traditional approach emphasizes students’ mastery of content some cross discipline outcomes like the ability to solve problems or to work cooperatively, whereas, the transformational approach emphasizes longterm, cross-curricular outcomes that are related directly to students’ future life roles such as being a productive worker or a responsible citizen or parent. The approaches mentioned strongly suggest the use of authentic assessment methodologies in the various
For instance, some students may be better visual learners while others are better at hands on activities. According to Walburg, “using a variety of teaching models” is an important technique when it comes to being an effective teacher. Therefore, incorporating various learning styles will let each student have the ability to learn in a way that comes most natural to them. “The teacher understands how students differ in their approaches to learning and creates instructional opportunities that are adapted to diverse learners” ( INTASC principles). Evidently, it is exceedingly necessary for an educator to be aware of the different styles that students process information and ultimately learn the material.
Introduction A theory of learning by J.Novack, “Meaningful learning underline the constructive integration of thinking, feeling, and acting leading to empowerment for commitment and responsibility.” This showed that meaningful learning is the key concept of the education, which students and teachers had to negotiate and integrate to know and fully understand the knowledge or fact. J.Novack, (2010), had also claimed that the central purpose of education is to empower learners to take a change of their own meaning making. Therefore, teaching and learning process has to take place to inspire, motivate, and suit the learners to construct their own cognitive to learn and make learning meaningful. This can only happen if the learners can relate new information to ideas the learners already knows. The learner became better or different from the others was based on the concept attainment of the new material and the quality and the quantity of the relevant knowledge that learners gained as meaningful learning.
Feedback is a significant element in determination of education quality as well as in effective learning where it portrays the learning outcomes for students and the successes for the tutors. There are many aspects that concern educationists with regards to feedback but the relationship between perspectives of learning as well as teaching and feedback stands as the most important among them. Feedback should be conveyed in different modes in a learning environment but whatever mode chosen creates room for dialogue between the tutor and students. Therefore, it is only through feedback that the student engagement relationship with the feedback as well as the tutors’ perceptions of learning, teaching and assessment that such successes can be established. The Rationale Feedback is closely related to learning and teaching theories making it a significant element in learning despite the theories that may be adapted.
Ideally this should be done using formative assessments, and this definitely relates to a principle of CBE, stating that assessment provides meaningful information to both students and teachers. Assessment is supposed to be a positive experience for students. It helps them to know exactly where they are and exactly where they need to go next on their learning paths. In this tutorial, we identified the elements of constructivism in the classroom, and we discussed some habits and techniques of constructivist teachers. So here's a chance for you to stop and reflect.
Tony (2014), explained that constructivism learning theory that associate learning with creating connotation from experience. It is known as learner centered. Learning is more having an important effect to students when they are capable to interact with problem or concept. It can help engage and encourage students by making them take or more active role in the learning process. Constructivism utilizes interactive teaching strategies to create important context that facilitate students to build knowledge based on their experience.
Furthermore, the leaners readiness to learn is a crucial element that refers to how likely the person is to seek knowledge and to engage in learning behaviors. Moreover, assessing the learners need is essential in planning, teaching activities and having a supportive environment that facilitates education is critical to enhancing learning. A vital aspect of the educator is to assess the learning needs of the population, so appropriate methods can be used to facilitate the student need. Students who demonstrate readiness to learn are usually motivated and receptive to received new knowledge. According to Baierema (2014), adults learn differently from children and suggest that adults are self- directed in their learning.
Self-regulated Learning: A Compatible Concept Husain Abdulhay University of Kashan, Iran email@example.com Abstract: Issue of self versus other is also diligently stressed and applied in education so as to put person at the helm of situation, not a pawn at the mercy of circumstances. In the same vein, this study aims to draw attention to a newly developed concept of learning which overemphasizes the role of individual learner in attunement of his thought, emotions and strategies to accelerate and escalate the extent of his acquisition. To do so, an overview of this new phenomenon known as self-regulated learning is given at first and evidence attesting to the fruitfulness and utility of such strategy is dispensed in the following.
When the cause of the opportunity is the primary focus, the opportunity is enhanced. The factors are determined which cause this risk to happen. Organizations formulate how these factors can be influenced. Effective articulation of the advantages attained from these risks is a necessary requirement. The schedule is compressed with fast-tracking to achieve project completion ahead of time.
Perhaps objectives are the directive factors for the course writers to decide on the instructor teaching and learning activities, it determines the formal and informal assessment methods as well as the evaluation techniques to be exercised. Well defined objectives will bring change in the knowledge, attitude and behaviour of the learners. In order to successfully address the four segments, you have to write SMART objectives. These objectives ought to furnish sufficient information to measure the learning outcomes. Similarly, it has to be realistic and gives you a leverage to tweak your teaching and learning activities based on you and your learner’s strengths, as well as the other external factors which is interrelated to your learning programme.