Maddaddam 's narrative voice does both of these kinds of writting. To do so, and create in the reader a question about how myths and sacred texts are creater, it is written as speculative fiction. In “The Uses of Genre and Classification of Speculative Fiction” by R.B. Gill, the clasification of this genre is explained thorougly. Gill explains that genres should be classified accordingly to the categories of values that are present in the texts.
Umberto Eco’s novel, The Name of the Rose, is made of bit and pieces of other books and other texts. Intertextuality is the first thing to be noted when reading the book. Throughout the novel the author alludes to a myriad of authors and other stories. “The Rose is an archi-text, archi-novel, throughout which many texts and many novels are intentionally disseminated (Capozzi 1989, p.418). In this light, we will first consider the importance of laughter in the novel and secondly we will look more closely at intertextuality as an important feature of the structure of the novel.
Though Truman Capote’s In Cold Blood is a non-fiction book, it is also categorized as a novel due to the different techniques the author uses throughout. Many of the scenes told in the book have fictitious elements to it, such as variations in sentence length. For example, some sentences are written with one word only, “A cloudburst. Rain. Buckets of it.
Milan Kundera and the narrator share a persona that sets up the philosophical structure of the book. By doing he has one foot in the narrative and one in reality ensuring his omnipresence and omniscience. These two qualities in particular makes him a reliable narrator. The authorial intrusions used, seek to firmly cement the story in the realm of fiction. It is used to continuously remind the readers that what they are reading is purely fiction, not reality.
Theory Analyzing elements of prose fiction in a story, need a theory to support the analyzed. This essay is going to use the theory of Perrine in a book The Anatomy of Prose Fiction by Drs. Sunaryono Basuki Koesnosoebro which is about the plot (on pages twenty-eight) and theme (in pages seventy-six). A plot in a story is the sequence of events which are arranged. Perrine (1959: 61).
Metaphor Definition: A figure of speech used to show a similarity between two very different objects but, unlike simile, does not connect this comparison through the use of words like or as. In general, metaphors are more complex than similes, and are sometimes used to more vividly make a point or increase readers’ understanding of the author’s intention for writing the
He is the narrator in the novel but at the same time a writer of his autobiography, and throughout his narration he continually reminds the reader of the fictional nature of the story he is telling by means of his self-reflexive remarks. And the inclusion of historical novels and personages in the novel’s metafictional context implies their fictionality and problematizes them as well. Furthermore, the role of the reader in a metafictional context, as Hutcheon argues, is no longer of a passive receiver, but that of an active participant in the writing process: “The reader’s task becomes increasingly difficult and demanding, as he sorts out the various narrative threads. The universe he thus creates, he must then acknowledge as fictional and of his own making”(1980:49)
Historically speaking, focalization, though in various guises, is not a new terminology. From Henry James onwards, there has been felt that the narrator has not been the only omniscient agent to narrate the story; sometimes, it is necessary to let the character reflect on the story. On the one hand, there are some modern writers like Woolf, Richardson, Joyce, and Faulkner, amongst many others, who, turning away from the traditional way of novel-writing, in which the stress was laid much on thee external world than the inner world of the characters, came to depict a kind of realism completely different from the objective realism of the external world: ‘mental or ‘subjective realism’, in which the emphasis was on the ‘impressionism’ and/or ‘expressionism’.
According to Northrop Frye each form of literature is different than each other in terms of its fundamental of presentation.  Apart from this there are also some other elements which help to determine the form such as the shape, texture and the mode of narration. While reading the books of any form, a reader may not face any confusion to differentiate a drama from an epic and a lyric from novel or fiction. But a reader might get confused to understand ‘autobiography’. It may happen that a reader may place it in familiarity with non fictional forms like biography or history as it is a narration of the factual incidents of author’s life.