Metafiction In Kim Scott's Formen Selbstreflexion

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3.2.2 Metafiction The definition of Metafiction according to Linda Hutcheon reads as follows: “‘Metafiction’ […] is fiction about fiction – that is, fiction that includes within itself a commentary on its own narrative and/ or linguistic identity.” (Hutcheon 1) Based on this definition there is no doubt that Scott added a metafictional layer to Benang. Metafiction looms large in Kim Scott’s novel. Through requesting from the reader to reflect on what he or she is reading, Scott manages to move the focus from his fictional text to the disputed narratives, better known as history. Many novels that are analysed by academics under the aspect of metafiction feature a more obvious delineation between the fictive world presented in the plot and the real world outside the book. In the case of Benang it proofs to be more difficult to distinguish between metafiction and autobiographic elements, albeit there are plenty of passages in the novel where the narrator explicitly addresses the reader (even if it is a fictive reader). Michael Scheffel’s Formen selbstreflexiven Erzählens contain a definition of Selbstreflexion (Cf. Scheffel 64) which can be used as synonym to metafiction in this context, though it deviates in details from Hutcheon’s definition. According to Scheffel Selbstreflexion is unambiguously present when one of the following situations is applicable to the text: The narrator reflects on either the process of narrating, his narration, or the narrated. (Cf. Scheffel 56)
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