Philosophies According to Alligood (2014b), philosophies are specific theories that focus on one or more metaparadigm concepts in a wide spectrum philosophical way (p. 43). For a person to understand philosophies it is required to understand the knowledge type, metaparadigms. Metaparadigm Metaparadigm is the vast perspective of a discipline and a way to describe a concern specifically to a profession or department (Alligood, 2014b, p. 42). Nursing Metaparadigm Alligood (2014b) explains metaparadigms in nursing knowledge are human beings, environment, health, and nursing (p. 42). These perceptions are exemplified in each philosophy and conceptual model (Alligood, 2014b, p. 42). Nursing Philosophy The practice of nursing evolves daily from …show more content…
This includes a person’s culture, family, socioeconomic status, and spirituality (p. 46). Western cultures consider the whole equal to its sum of the parts and stress the interrelationships amongst the parts; compared to the Eastern culture who believe healthcare teams must take into consideration all aspects of the patient to treat them. Environment According to Chinn and Kramer (2015) the metaparadigm environment or society refers to both dependent and independent factors that are directly significant to the patient and his or her care (p 47). Nightingale believed all people involved in the care of a patient should maintain a therapeutic setting to heighten the comfort and healing (Pfettscher, S. A., 2014a). On the other hand, Martha Rogers believes that humans and the environment are one and their manifestations derive from mutual developments. She also believes a person is a consolidated whole and cannot be observed by looking at its parts (Gunther, M. E., …show more content…
Care should be focused on preventing disease rather than treating illnesses by working as a team and promoting healthy behaviors, resulting in patients having better health outcomes. In addition, early detection is a dynamic aspect of health promotion that is vital to preventing the chronic disease burden. In my opinion, nurses need to focus on educating patients and family members more than simply administering a medication or performing a procedure. Providing education about health to family members could be beneficial and passed on to people in the
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The first concept of the nursing metaparadigm is nursing. My philosophy of nursing recognizes the important role the nurse has to deliver care. It is the therapeutic and mutual relationship between nurse and patient that is “the foundation of nursing practice” (End of life, 2016, p. 4). Nurses must understand how they affect patients because every interaction a nurse has with a patient has an impact on their care.
Sharing the love of Christ with my patients does not have to be in some extravagant and specific way, but can happen in the little moments of the day. In this paper, I will demonstrate my views of the metaparadigms of nursing and how they relate to my personal beliefs and experiences. I believe that a person should be treated and understood as more than just their medical diagnosis, and nurses should recognize their uniqueness and individuality. An environment constitutes the place where the nurse provides care for the patient, and can include the most insignificant parts of nursing care. The patient 's health is an
There are four concepts in the metaparadigm. The first one talks about the nursing. Nursing is precisely the way Nightingales puts it, relieving pain and suffering which restore patient 's health by managing the environment. In my nursing practice, the patient always comes first. The patient care comes first in every decision.
Philosophy of Nursing Everyone’s values and beliefs about the profession of nursing are all different. The four concepts of nursing are interrelated and all mean something different to every person, too. Throughout this paper, I will be reflecting on my values and beliefs about nursing through the four concepts while comparing them to a nursing theorist with views that are most similar to my own.
Internal Dimensions The internal dimensions of a theory act as guidelines to describe a theory to enhance understanding of the approaches used to evolve it and in identifying gaps in the theory (Meleis, 2018). The first dimension is the rationale on which the theory is built (Meleis, 2018). The components of the theory of self-transcendence are united in a chain-link and it is based on certain sets of relationships that are deduced from a small set of basic principles and are therefore hierarchical in nature (Reed, 2008). The second dimension to consider is that of the system of relations (Meleis, 2018).
Nurses are critical for promoting health in the society. The profession is highly flexible, since they specialize in diverse operations in the medical field. Registered nurses, for instance, are responsible for the administration of medicine and inoculations to patients (American Nurses ' Association, 2000). Additionally, these professionals observe, record, and enlighten doctors of any changes in a patient’s health. Nurses interpret and evaluate diagnostic examinations to determine an individual’s condition, as well as making the necessary adjustments in patient treatment plans on their health progress.
Nurses can teach their patients education regarding the disease process that make be affecting the patient at that time. Nurses give patients resources to improve their lives and disease outcomes. Nurses pass medications and teach procedures to patients to help them achieve compliance with their health related needs. Nurses can improve a patient’s health by teaching them emotional coping
A philosophy is a statement of beliefs that include one’s behaviour and in this case, influence the practice of nursing. Philosophy is a science that comprises of logic, ethics, aesthetics, metaphysics and theory of knowledge. Until the nurse has knowledge of self, it is difficult to state beliefs to guide nursing practice. Several concepts must be discussed in any nursing philosophy, these include human beings, health, illness, and nursing. .
Nursing Theorists and their Theory 1.Florence Nightingale- Nightingale’s theory of the Environment is mainly focused on the environment, she believed that, the environment has a great importance that can be used to improve and encourage healing. With proper ventilation, clean air, lack of noise , proper lighting, and adequate elimination of waste. Are a few factors she believed and can be observed and maintained. 2.Sister Calista Roy- Roy’s Theory is based on, in which the individual views biopsychosocial being, in which a person adapt with the constant change of the environment.
Adams, it is important to address all areas from a holistic standpoint. This would include psychosocial, environmental and medical interventions. While providing care it is important to remember Florence Nightingale’s goal of nursing is to “assist the patient to regain “vital powers” by meeting their needs, which in the end puts the patient in the best condition for nature to act upon.” (Smith & Parker, 2015). Nightingale believed that nurses contribute to restoring health in a direct and indirect way by the management of patient’s environment (Smith & Parker, 2015).
Dorothea Orem’s Theories Dorothea Orem was an extravagant nursing theorist whose theories were first published in 1971 (Dorothea Orem 's Self-Care Theory, 2014). Orem established several fascinating theories of nursing which are still are current in today’s nursing. Orem proposed three nursing theories that are identified as: self-care theory, theory of Self-care deficit and theory of nursing system (Dorothea Orem 's Self-Care Theory, 2014). Orem’s nursing theories are defined as a grand theory (Nursing Theories: An Overview, 2014). Grand theory is defined as an abstract outline under which the key conceptions and values of the discipline can be acknowledged (Nursing Theories: An Overview, 2014).
These viewpoints have importance for medicine as well as for nursing or other health professions. The complete practice of human caring theory is most fully realized in a nursing theory because nursing allows for the constant caring factor that medicine does not have;