Because ecstasy has so many different types of chemicals that are mixed together, it affects the user 's brain, body, and heart in various ways that can permanently damage the user. Ecstasy has a delayed, but direct affect on the user 's brain when it is consumed. Since it causes mild hallucinations, it is essentially deceiving the brain from reality. Some short-term effects of ecstasy include confusion, depression, insomnia,
Therefore, peak expiratory flow rate would refer to the maximum speed of expiration. Expiratory flow is decreased in Al because loss of elastic fibers in the lungs impairs the expiratory flow rate. Narrowing of the airways inside the lungs, in addition to damage to the lungs, causes the exhaled air to come out more slowly than normal (NIH, 2016). In people with COPD, the air sacs can no longer revert back to their original shape. The airways become swollen or thicker than normal.
Methamphetamine Methamphetamine is a powerful central nervous system stimulant. Even in small doses, the short-term effects of meth include wakefulness and decrease in appetite, which can cause users to loose severe amounts of weight. The short-term effects are fulfilling, however, the long-term effect are not as pleasant. Meth, after being used for some period of time, can cause a plethora of cardiovascular problems including irregular heartbeat. Meth creates a feeling of increased energy which, in some cases, can cause the body to be overworked to the point of physical and mental breakdown.
However what makes nicotine addictive is when it released to parts of the brain that produce pleasure. Scientists have recently discovered that nicotine raises the level of a neurotransmitter called dopamine, which is a part of the brain that produces pleasure. Another problem with nicotine getting inside the body is the fact that is actually a chemical and it is used as a bug repellent or eliminator. While smoking is not healthy, it also wastes money. A pack of cigarettes averages at the price of $5.50 and the price keeps rising.
There are injections, pills, and topical creams and different types of drugs such as anabolic steroids; which are the most popular. Anabolic steroids are a simulation of testosterone, which helps you produce more protein to let you heal faster and gain more muscle. However, the effects on the brain are unforgivable. I am sure that you have researched this topic entirely, but I am here to remind you PED’s (performance enhancing drugs) have a negative health risk, offer a bad influence on others and they give you an unfair advantage. Performance enhancing drugs should remain illegal when used to gain an unfair advantage.
“Neurons that fire together, wire together” - if it happens several times, the brain’s reward pathway ultimately changes also a viewer’s brain. This can lead to an increased willingness for other erotic movies. Not only dopamine is responsible for an addictive role and building new pathways of reward in the brain. A protein called “iFosB” is another culprit. “IFosB” is accumulated when people watch pornography, so later it is more difficult to break free, and the resulting brain damage is more severe.
Heroin can be smoked, inhaled or injected, all deliver the drug extremely rapidly. The rapid effects contribute to the health risks and high risk for addiction. When heroin enters the brain, it is converted into morphine, which attaches to molecules on cells known as opioid receptors. These receptors are positioned in many areas of the brain as well as the rest of the body, specifically those involved in the perception of pain and reward. Opioid receptors are also located in the brain stem.
Taking steroids will affect the brain’s serotonin and dopamine neurotransmitter systems. Serotonin regulates sleep patterns, movement, appetite, sexuality, and emotions. Dopamine regulates mobility, learning, emotions, appetite, and positive reinforcing effects. Both of these neurotransmitter systems play a major role in everyday life. Taking large doses of steroids can impair organs causing physical and psychological illnesses.
The effects of addiction on health can be devastating. Once addiction develops, the brain changes interfere with an individual’s ability to make voluntary decisions, leading to compulsive drug craving, seeking and use. 6 Drug abuse can suppress the body’s immune system and is related to risky behaviours, involving the sharing of contaminated syringe, needle or injection paraphernalia and unprotected sex. The combination greatly increases the likelihood of acquiring HIV, hepatitis and many other infectious diseases. 6 Drugs that lead to these diseases are heroin, cocaine and methamphetamine.
The History of Crystal Methamphetamine - Drug-Free World provides the information that short term side effects include: addiction, sensory hallucinations, paranoia, vomiting, sickness, stroke, palpitations, seizures, diarrhea, insomnia, hyperthermia. Like cocaine and speed, even small amounts of meth can cause a rapid and/or irregular heartbeat, increased blood pressure and elevated body temperatures. Long-term methamphetamine abuse results in many damaging effects, including addiction. Meth addiction is a chronic, often relapsing, brain disease marked by uncontrollable drug craving and compulsive use in the face of devastating consequences. Meth alters brain structure and function, changes behavior, and is one of the fastest-acting addictive agents known, with the potential to hook people faster than most other substances.