Methodical Approach To Political Science

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On hearing the word politics, what usually comes to mind are thoughts of government, politicians and their policies or more negatively the notion of corruption and dirty tricks. The actual definition seems to have been covered and almost lost by such representations that tend not to identify the true core, which defines this thing, called politics. In order to make an attempt at a definition of politics a Methodical approach is required. To begin with, a brief historical Outline will be considered, to understand the origins of politics.
The word politics comes from the Greek word "polis", meaning the state or community as a whole. The theory of the "polis" was an ideal state and came from the writings of political thinkers such as
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Political theory is more concerned with contributions of various classical and contemporary thinkers and philosophers. Political science is systematically diverse and adopts many methods originating in social research. Approaches include positivism, rational choice theory, behaviouralism, structuralism, post-structuralism, realism, institutionalism, and pluralism. Political science, as one of the social sciences, uses methods and techniques that relate to the kinds of inquiries sought: primary sources such as historical documents and official records, secondary sources such as scholarly journal articles, survey research, statistical analysis, case studies, experimental research, and model building.
The importance of political science lies in the fact that all of us live within political structures and we are affected by the alterations in the global political economy. With the arrival of globalization, there has been a related rise in the awareness taken by the people of the world in indulging the political systems of other states. Hence, political scientists become valued and important as they provide the lens through which we can comprehend the global political
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The existence of 193 political structures and some non-state political entities in the world has enlarged the scope of Comparative Politics. The need to construct a scientific theory of politics and the prospective of Comparative Method to serve this end has been mainly responsible for its increased significance.

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