Clostridium difficile, also referred to as C. diff, is a bacterium that is known to cause mild to severe diarrhea and can lead to severe inflammation of the colon (Government of Canada, 2014). C. diff contains spores that are found in fecal matter. Through encountering a surface containing contaminants such as feces, puts a person at risk for the later development of diseases such as c. diff. This bacterium can also be spread through contact from healthcare workers that have not followed correct cleansing routines such as but not limited to hand washing. High dosages or extended usage of antibiotics can also increase the chances of developing C. diff (Government of Canada, 2014).
Running head: Kevin Holland Kevin Holland Clostridium difficile is becoming a major problem inside of hospitals. There are many reasons as to why the bacteria is becoming a top priority while treating patients mainly inside of the hospital setting. Hospital-induced infections, lack of a proper diet, and even when people do not perform proper hygiene is causing this bacteria that is considered normal biota, to flourish and cause gastrointestinal distress. Bacteria have spent millions of years growing and their whole goal is to keep doing that. A common symptom of Clostridium difficile is diarrhea (Aberra & Curry, 2017).
Clostridium perfringens Clostridium perfringens is a bacteria which are Gram-positive, endospore-forming anaerobes, that appear to be rod-shaped. They lack flagella, but they can still migrate across surfaces using a type of gliding motility that involves the formation of filaments of bacteria lined up in an end-to-end conformation. Clostridium perfringens bacteria is most commonly found in soil, and it the intestinal tracts of humans and animals. (1,2) C. perfringens most commonly causes food poisoning, and various types of gangrene, infections from this bacteria can cause necrosis, bacteremia, and emphysematous cholecystitis. Back before the 1890’s Clostridium perfringens used to be known as Clostridium welchii.
vancomycin) until the culture results are available. Problem 3 ( Due for Rotavirus immunization): Rotavirus is a common cause of Child will be scheduled for Rotarix administration. Rotarix is highly effective in preventing rotavirus related gastroenteritis and has been shown to be effective according to studies conducted in the united states. Also encouraging the mother to bring W020 in for regular checkups and make sure she is up date with her vaccinations to avoid any future complications. Problem 4-5 (Educating mother on proper hygiene and lack of access to clean drinking water): To provide instructions to mother on proper hygienic practices that can significantly reduced the risk of transmitting water-borne diseases.
On stopping metronidazole, patient showed recovery in one week. BACKGROUND Metronidazole is a very commonly used antibiotic for bacterial and protozoal infections. The drug causes a variety of neurological side effects-ranging from mild giddiness to frank Encephalopathy. Metronidazole is an imidazole antibiotic that is used for the treatment of protozoal, bacterial and various parasitic infections. Metronidazole acts by disturbing the DNA machinery of the cell.
Rapid tests for detection of main Clostridial toxins Pérez-Etcheverry Diana* and Lorenzo-Ferreiro Carmen Laboratorio de Biotecnología del Instituto Polo Tecnológico de Pando - Facultad de Química, Universidad de la República. Canelones, Uruguay. *email@example.com Abstract: The genus Clostridium is ubiquitous, because of this they find easily their way into wounds, foods and feeds, being the cause of serious illness on human and domestic animals. Manifestations and pathology can range from mild food poisoning to death [2-13]. Outstanding to their high toxicity, and the rapid evolution of infection with serious consequences [14-19], it is important to detect it rapidly.
The second treatment is called immunoglobulin therapy, which is receiving healthy Immunoglobulin from blood. It is a antibody capable of removing bacteria and viruses from the immune system. If a donor donates enough, the immunoglobulin can stop the immune system from attacking itself and the peripheral
Antibiotics used to treat ear,nose and throat infections (tetracycline and vybramycin ) will eradicate all the friendly bacteria (acidophilus, bifidus, bulbous etc) in the colon. Yeast will feed on sugar, damp conditions and environmental moulds will all cause it to multiply. Some individuals will have a high threshold and will only suffer mild symptoms, but those with poor diet, living conditions and regular antibiotic use will be more susceptible. There is a 10:1 ratio of women to men that will suffer from candidosis ,primarily due to the female sex
(47) However, antibiotic administration increases the prevalence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and predisposes the patient to infection with organisms such as Clostridium difficile, a cause of antibiotic-associated colitis. (15) It is evident that there is excessive and inappropriate use of antibiotics especially in the prevention and treatment of hospital-acquired infections, including SSI prophylaxis. (48) In the latter case, timing of administration of the first dose is a corner stone to success. (49, 50) Yet administeration usually occurs at the wrong time and duration lasts for too long which affects the cost of patient care. It was shown by several studies that the local implementation of practice guidelines can yield significant improvements in antibiotic use and the cost of surgical
The bacterium is usually asymptomatic and is part of the normal flora of the stomach. In 1982, two Australian scientists Barry Marshall and Robin Warren discovered this bacterium. With further research later by British scientist Stewart Goodwin, it was found that it was present in patients with chronic gastritis and gastric ulcers, conditions previously not believed to have a microbial cause1. Helicobacter pylori are a spiral shaped microaerophilic gram negative bacteria often classified as curved rod. They are gram-negative non-spore-forming bacteria.