Metropolis And Nineteen Eighty Four: A Comparative Study

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The pairing of two texts presents us with a heightened understanding of the unique perspectives and contextual issues through the composer’s didactic interpretations on social, cultural and historical ideals. The anxieties of the weimar republic and the stresses of post world war one have deeply reflected in the composer’s perceptions in texts. The comparative study of the modernist film “Metropolis” (1927) directed by Fritz Lang and the futuristic dystopian fiction “Nineteen Eighty Four” (1949) written by George Orwell both explore societies with significant social disparities favouring overpowered figureheads who exploit their power and control against oppressed individuals. These individuals have the compulsion to seek an outlet for their suffering which is through rebellion.

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Orwell’s contexts stem from the post world war two pessimisms where rebellions were treated with torture and incarceration which is reflected in the novel. Rebellion in 1984 begins with winston unleashing all his fury by setting pen to paper using repetition of “DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER” to emphasise the ultimate crime of rebellion winston had committed, “thoughtcrime”. The foreshadowing in “thoughtcrime does not entail death: thoughtcrime IS death” highlights that winston will eventually face the repercussions of perpetrating such crimes in “room 101”. Winston’s burdened emotions compels him to join a “secret organisation” which is exemplified in the contradictory statement “we are enemies of the party” because Winston joins a party, to rebel against another therefore contradicting his own belief of being an individual however, unlike metropolis, winston’s acts of rebellion do not end triumphantly. Therefore, It is evident that in a dictatorial society, individuals feel the need to rebel as an outlet for their

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