As examples of dystopian fiction, metropolis and 1984 share some common concerns and conventions. In a comparative essay, analyse and evaluate each text as an artistic response to the political, social and cultural climates of their respective contexts: Texts are inherently responses which represents composers concerns of their political, social and cultural climates. Both Fritz Lang’s German Expressionist Film Metropolis (1927) and George Orwell’s dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four (1948) portray the subjugation of the individual and the divide between social classes. Lang’s focus is on the consequences to society due to loss of values such as compassion in Weimar Germany following WWI. Meanwhile, Orwell represents the crushing of individual …show more content…
Having eliminated all bonds of human connection between individuals, the Party intended that ‘the sex instinct will be eradicated… neurologists shall abolish the orgasm’ where the high modal declaration depicts the frightening measures imposed by the administration to prevent revolution. Thus, the relationship between Winston and Julia serves as an outlet of instinct but is also an expression of rebellion against the status quo: ‘their embrace had been a battle…It was a political act.’ Further, the ‘glass paper weight’ motif serves as a reminder of the past, a beacon of hope but in the arrest shatters, signifying defeat to the state. Ultimately, as Winston falls short of liberation, he disintegrates into a shell of his former self: betraying Julia and becomes a mindless vehicle of the Party’s propaganda for Big Brother. Thus, demonstrating the futility of relationships between individuals under political overpower. However, the relationship symbolises a rejection of Party doctrine, parallel to Freder and Maria’s relationship in Metropolis, one acting as an apparatus to drive revolution and unification, relaying both authors contextual concerns of the people’s rejection of
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Sex creates an extremely exclusive bond between two individuals; it’s an unspoken contract of trust and love. Not only are sexual experiences private, but they also fulfill humanity’s instinctual desire and promote individuality. However, when this intimacy is either erased or condemned by society, individuals lose touch with that vital part of their humanity and individuality. In 1984 by George Orwell, sexuality plays an important role in both Oceania’s totalitarian government and Winston’s rebellion against his oppressors; as he explores his sexuality, Winston revolts against the Party’s manipulative political control, the destruction of individuality, the absence of human connection, and the practice of sexual puritanism.
Although Winston is able to grasp the concept of love, he truly understands love when he is with Julia. Initially, Winston sees being with Julia as a political act against the Party. He believes that sex and intimacy goes against the constitutional beliefs of the Party and is therefore an act of defiance. However, as Winston spends more time with Julia, he falls in love. When Winston is caught by O’Brien, he endures prolonged torture without betraying Julia.
Deciding that he needs love and physical contact in his life, Winston begins an affair with an inner party member named Julia, who he secretly meets up with and talks about rebellion. Explaining to Julia why the Party frowns upon love marriages and tries to distance people so they can’t have sex, Winston describes that “When you make love you’re using up energy; and afterwards you feel happy and don’t give a damn for anything. They can’t bear to feel like that. They want you to be bursting with energy all the time. All this marching up and down and cheering and waving flags is simply sex gone sour” (Orwell 167).
They had held on to the primitive emotions which he himself had to relearn by conscious effort” (165). Winston, a member of the Outer Party, is exasperated by the internal workings of the Party as he lives in a terrifying society that completely represses humanity, while also demanding complete control of all aspects of daily life. Throughout Winston’s lifetime, Big Brother and the Party instill fear and paranoia in him through their persistent surveillance aimed at eliminating deviation from the Party and dehumanizing him, causing him to eventually misplace his loyalty as he lives unhappily. Orwell emphasizes how the Party demands not only loyalty and respect from their citizens, but also absolute obedience, causing them to live as puppets of the regime. While sitting in the Chestnut Tree Café, Winston is reminded of a conversation he had with Julia, where she remarked, “‘They can’t get inside you,’
When Julia has affairs with these men, she takes great caution, even avoiding any public display of communication. Unlike Winston, she does not see government capture as an inevitability, but rather the worst case scenario. In fact, Winston’s influence is the only reason she is
Dystopian texts espouse a variety of didactic messages that depend significantly upon both the context and zeitgeist of the time in which they were created. Differences can be found when comparing the techniques and perspectives the authors have chosen to represent their contextual concerns to audiences. Together both Fritz Lang’s silent black and white film ‘Metropolis’ 1927 and George Orwell’s novel ‘Nineteen Eighty-Four’ (*referred to as 1984) 1948, confront and provoke audiences to consider the impact that (abusive power + unquestionable control= insert question statement) can have not only on the characters in these two texts, but also on the cultural and political lives of the reader and viewer. By subjugating & dehumanising the lower classes, dictators are
‘The party’ restricts sexual behavior as it competes with complete loyalty to the ‘state’. This is evident when Winston and Julia make love, thinking of it as ‘a blow struck against the party’ Winston also realizes it is the ‘force that would tear the party to pieces’. The party recognized the power of sex as not just an act of reproduction and is evident through Winston’s encounter. Through eliminating the act, the party is able to maintain control over the population. The party is then able to channel the population’s sexual frustrations and substitutes it with patriotism towards the party.
The passion and lustfulness of the two characters was an act of rebellion. Winston describes his sexual act with Julia as a “blow struck against the Party” and “a political act,” implying that he not only did it for pleasure, but also to stand up against the current government system (Orwell 126). Before sleeping with Winston, Julia has slept with hundreds of other men which made Winston very intrigued. He believed that this passion and wrongdoing “was the force that would tear the Party to pieces,” and ultimately overthrow the heartless government system. Thus, Winston and Julia’s relationship was not merely a search
On December 16, 1773, after months of suppression of taxes, finally the people of boston, rebelled against the governing party. They had so much individualism that they were not used and they didn’t like the idea that the British were making them pay more for their tea so because of that, the people used their individuality to work together to rebel, just as Winston and Julia used their individuality to rebel against their governing party. In 1984 by George Orwell, Winston Smith, a man in his mid 40’s, lead a lonely, rebellious life, living in Oceania, until he met Julia, who he believed to be his true love. Together, they rebel against their governing power, the Party or Big Brother, but in the end, both Winston and Julia and end up getting caught.
George Orwell’s novel 1984 presents us two characters who are entirely different, but still complement each other entirely, the protagonist Winston and his love-interest Julia. Julia’s optimistic character highlights Winston’s fatalistic one. Winston believes he and Julia are compatible and can relate to each other because they share the same believes. They both detest Big Brother and want to rebel against the Party. While this is true, their similarities seem to end there.
The world of today is much different than that of 1984 because the world today is filled with human connection that comes as a direct result of our freedom to show expression. In 1984, the Party restricts the general population from showing their true emotions, which in turn limits the presence of human connection. At the beginning of the novel, Winston explains that facecrime is the act of wearing an improper expression on your face, and it is punishable by death (Orwell 62). This limits people’s ability to connect with one another.
William Shakespeare and George Orwell are two of the most iconic authors of all time. Although living in different conditions and time periods, both of their works show similarities in exploring human nature and defining humanity. Shakespeare’s Macbeth and Orwell’s 1984 both explore the human traits in different storylines and styles, but for a similar purpose. Not only do both pieces of literature deeply explore the themes of power and control, but also other aspects of human life such as fear and paranoia. By doing this in each author’s storyline, they connect with the values and beliefs of their readers.
Once Julia has given Winston the note that says ‘I love you’ on it, they begin meeting each other in private, but Winston is not sexually attracted to Julia like she is to him; “Their embrace had been a battle, the climax a victory. It was a blow against the part. It was a political act” (Orwell, 104). In 1984 relationships are forbidden, unless to only reproduce children for the party, making Winston and Julia’s relationship extremely
Julia wasn’t much interested in reading, and Winston was surprised to discover that “the difference between truth and falsehood did not seem important to” (193) Julia. While Winston was greatly concerned about the party’s manipulation of truth, Julia was more interested in freedom of individuality. The clever thing was to break the rules and stay alive, whether it was a love affair, swearing, wearing makeup or obtaining luxuries on the black market. She took great pride in her ability to bring real sugar, real milk, and real coffee to her meetings with Winston (177). Julia’s desires to bring these prohibited items to their meetings, as well as her disinterest in exposing the part indicate that she rebels simply to undermine the party in her own small ways and gain individual freedom.