When President Herbert Hoover, was in office a precipitous drop in the value of the U.S. stock market came crashing downward and signaled the start of the Great Depression. Due to the Jim Crow laws it was hard for even immigrants to survive the Great Depression. Upon this article it was “Around one third of Los Angeles’ Mexican population left the country, as did a third of Texas’ Mexican- born population” (Blakemore). During the years, Latino American’s had to fight to have the same equal right as American citizens. Even through “Mexican’s is willing to work for low wages, they help build the railroads in the 1930’s, American’s were and still is afraid, of foreigners stealing jobs” (Blakemore).
According to Feason in his book, Kansas in the great depression, he said; “Price falls also had a destabilizing effect in the farm community. Farm income was suddenly reduced, and it became especially services for operators holding mortgages who feared the real burden of their debt dramatically increased. Farm closures and the desperate, even violent attempt to prevent them became increasingly common news”, (p.2). This statement is showing how difficult, it was for the farmers and other U.S. firms to export goods. And being that the farmers make up to 1/3 of the nation in the 1930’s, their decrease in export and lack of income had a big severe effect on the nation’s economy.
2. How has NAFTA affected Mexican farmers? NAFTA has affected Mexican farmers in a negative way, causing a lot of farms and agriculture to be shut down. Further, NAFTA has caused agriculture from the United States to be cheaper, which means that there is no benefit in farming from Mexico. Moreover, NAFTA did benefit the avocado industry.
Banks and railroad companies were constantly taking advantage of them. At this time, farmers were on the verge of becoming the minorities in American society. The success of industrialization forced the farmers to the lowest social strata as they were overtaken by the corporate groups. The government of the day, The Republican Party also did not pay much attention to the farmers. After the civil war, making a living as a farmer was made difficult because of droughts, grasshopper plagues, high interest rates, falling prices and even rising costs of living.
Mao ruled for over twenty-seven years and during that time, “he had doomed China’s people to become some of the poorest on the planet”. In 1976 Mao died and Deng Xiaoping took over as China’s leader. Like Mao, Deng focused first on the countryside and gave out land to farmers and paid the farmers how much they grew a year this lead to farmers being able to pick which crops they wanted to farm and Deng have the farmers to pay taxes instead of handing over a third of their crops. Since the majority of China’s population was farmers this gave a boost to their economic standing and an opportunity for a better
They were regarded as vulnerable foreigners that could quickly be deported away back to Mexico if any of them ever made any demands such as demanding a higher wage. As Steinbeck stated in Article 6 of his Harvest Gypsies, “The right of free speech, the right of assembly and the right of jury trial are not extended to Mexicans in the Imperial Valley.” Due to these circumstances, the Mexican labor force was easy to manipulate. The strike was a victory for foreign laborers as their wages increased from 60 to 75 cents. However, they also lost because the laborers did not win the ability to form unions and conduct collective bargaining. It showed that organization of labor, even if made up of foreigners, could still find success through
The wind started blowing, causing several dust storms. The drought and dust storms made life difficult for farmers in the Midwest for ten years. People who could no longer make payments for their houses got kicked out and their homes were then owned by the bank. Their belongings were auctioned off to the highest bidder and the families loaded up whatever they had left and drove away. Many people, however, were determined to stay behind and live through the “Dust Bowl”.
This act made many people who owned farms unemployed and they lost their farms and also there houses. When their farms got ruined they knew that they continue their life there. So many of them migrated to California.“By 1940, 2.5 million people had moved out of the Dust Bowl states and started to head toward the states by the Pacific” (John Steinbeck). I believe that California was a place that would attract unemployed farm workers from the Dust Bowl states because they could start a new life there it also is a easy way to find farm jobs because of its agriculture, climate, and the easiness of getting water.
Also took away from the essential market from European and Latin American countries . Many people in these countries lost their jobs , as factories were not able to sell products to the United States , farmers raised their tariffs , and excluding American manufactured , farm products from the foreign market . Wilson Believed in low tariffs , had reduced to increase them and the demand was growing for higher tariffs . The nation Europe had have accumulated huge debts during World War One and borrowed massive amount of money from the United States to buy war goods .Around 1918 the total amount owed to the U.S. was 10 billion dollars . The United States lowered interest rate on loans .Europeans faced difficulties in repaying and the high tariffs in the U.S. prevented Europeans from earning the dollars they needed to pay off the loans
Many people assume that undocumented immigrants are taking jobs away from other Americans and then in turn hurting the economy. But in reality The contributions by the generations of immigrants have helped this country to build economy, and made America grow. A Day without a Mexican" is a film about a mysterious fog surrounds the boundaries of the state of California. Then, the entire Hispanic population disappears without a trace. and all the Mexicans disappear, affecting the economy and the state stops working missing the Mexican workers and dwellers.This causes quite the disruption on the personal, economic and cultural levels.
Consequently, it set off a great migration of Mexicans across the border to the U.S.A. They settled in the South Western states such as Texas, which had experienced an enormous economic growth, especially in cotton production. The immigrants provided the labor force needed for the farms and industries. Second: The Great Depression In the 1930s, the depression caused a downward turn of the U.S. economy. Consequently, it led to shortages in food and employment
The Dust Bowl Dust clouds, filthy homes, sickness, death, and migration were none other than the Dust Bowl. In the 1930s some of the toughest people survived this era. It wasn’t just the worldwide depression that made a lasting impact on the United States, the Dust Bowl changed the nation’s perspective on conserving soil and protecting the Earth. From the 1910s through the Roaring 20’s, farmers flocked into the Plains searching for wealth and prosperity. The farmers and settlers then plowed up 100 million acres in parts of Oklahoma, Kansas, California, Texas, and New Mexico, because there were some wet years..
This act made many people who owned farms unemployed and they lost their farms and also there houses. When their farms got ruined they knew that they continue their life there. So many of them migrated to California. “Around the 1940’s more than 2.5 million people had decided to leave the states that were affected by the Dust Bowl. About 10 percent of the population from the states decided to move to California”
The rise and fall of the Populist party all started when farmers from all over the nation gathered together and addressed some common problems that they were facing. Farmers were stuck in a bad economic cycle. Prices for their crops were falling, and unfortunately farmers often had to mortgage their farms so that they could buy more land and produce more crops in order to “flourish”. There was very little suitable land to farm and cultivate and banks were foreclosing on the mortgages of farmers who could not make the payments on their loans. Moreover, the railroads were being taken advantage of farmers by charging excessive prices for shipping and storage.