In the 1960’s, the United States went through a period of clarity and diversity in thought, analysis and action for people from Mexico or those who practiced the Mexican culture. Issues of deep resonance and problems both Mexican and American communities faced were brought to light through different platforms that include multiple socio-political mobilizations, art, and music all throughout the country (Cockcroft, 1993). This later ensued into battles of cultural reclamation and self-determination that combined into a national consciousness called the Chicano Movement. The Chicano Art Movement represents the attempts made by Mexican-American artists in establishing a unique artistic identity in the United States. Most of the Chicanos belonged
Mexico is very nationalistic, mexicans take lots of pride of its long history & traditions. Americans are very patriotic, taking pride in “American way of life”. Also stated in Zimmerman's article . All of these aspects play a role in the structure & delivery of the Mexican culture speech methods. The American Culture of speech possesses many similarities as well as differences from the Mexican culture.
1. From Jason Johansen 's Notes on Chicano Cinema, scholars of Chicana/o cinema used to identify the criteria of Chicana/o cinema as "films BY Chicanos, films FOR Chicanos, and films ABOUT Chicanos" (Johansen 303). The Salt of the Earth film (1954) attempts to expand this definition because it achieves more than being for and about Chicanos, it can also be for other minorities fighting injustices and inequalities similar to Chicanos. The film is still for Chicanos because it illustrates an actual account of Mexican American mining workers in Zinc Town of New Mexico during World War II, where the union workers won due to their unity, inspiring others to stand with each other in the Chicano movement. The movie also challenges the criteria because it is a film directed by a non-Chicano, Herbert Biberman, but that inadequacy was compensated since most of the actors were local Mexican-American union associates who had experience and direct involvement in the historical fight for their rights.
The Mexican American society is rich with culture, traditions, folklore, and religion. These major influences are especially seen in the Los Angeles area. This area is rich in music, food, and customs of the Mexican culture. Here is where the majority of the Spanish language is spoken.
Miguel Hidalgo began the independence movement for Mexico in the 19th century. To the Mexican people, he is a symbol of freedom, equality, and hope. He was able to unite the poor people and spark the revolution against the Spanish and against the upper class. Miguel Hidalgo is a defender of human rights and is viewed as the great hero who fought for equality and justice, which would later influence other great leaders to fight for their people.
However, the epic poem “I Am Joaquin,” written by the poet and civil rights leader Rodolfo “Corky” Gonzales, gave the term Chicano a second chance; as with his poem he was able to distance, if not erase, the negative connotation of the term; and instead was able to give it the opportunity to become the identity the Mexican American community had for so long waited for. Yet, it must be acknowledged that this renaissance social identity was by many means exclusionary. It strongly emphasized an anti-racist identity, which was founded on the indigenous heritage, and as a matter of fact recognized mestizaje as an essential part of the Chicano social identity. Because Chicanos are supposed to be mestizos. Yet, this is not always the case.
In Self-Portrait the images on both sides of the border can be understood as the ideological tools of national propaganda. Kahlo keeps the history alive as she portrays a true vision of Mexico. Frida celebrates the cross-cultural identity that Mexico embraced after the turmoil of the revolution - a heritage of, Indian, American, Spanish, and British to just name a few. Her paintings became a connecting thread of Mexico’s history as she did not neglect tying the time in which she lived to the Aztec past (pbs.org). Victor Zamaudio-Taylor, an art historian, states that she has become "a model for Mexican Americans and Hispanics in the United States because she nurtures a sense of who [we] are and of a long history and of continuities."
In 1967, Rodolfo “Corky” Gonzalez wrote “I Am Joaquin,” a path breaking poem that helped shape an identity for thousands of Chicanas and Chicanos through its verses; and served as a key component in developing the Chicano Movement of the late 1960’s and 1970’s. During this time, the term Chicano was specific to Mexican Americans and the movement was very male centric. The term Chicano is key to the Chicano movement, but the definition of Chicano has evolved over time and I would argue continues to evolve. The Chicano movement excluded women as well other’s with similar struggles, like Central Americans who can also identify with this movement. The Chicano social identity should not exclude anyone, it should only expand; to all those of other
The historgraphy of 1920s’s many historians either to criticize or to praise the decade. The decade itself is change in American history but tracing the shifting of cultural, political and economic changes. many historians praise the Roaring twenties, because it pulled America out of postwar catastrophe with a new cultural change thus creating new civilization. The roaring twenties was built upon technology, efficient cause of high wages, private business, birth of new women as Thomas Nixon carver defend the decade by saying it is innovation that brought in cultural revolution “Roaring Twenties”, This decade of time has brought change in lifestyle, financial, technology and culture. Political changes helped roaring twenties , Preston w. Slosson observe for the History of American Life came to new conclusion on the decade by stating "Often in history the acid test of wealth has been applied to a
The feature of this book is that it can be regarded as a political program. Based on a careful analysis and study of the features of Aztlán from the late 19th century to modern times, Navarro attempts to offer a number of practical recommendations for the solution of the problem of self-identification of the Mexicanо and Latino minorities in Aztlán. In this regard, the change model proposed by him are worthy of special attention. An additional argument in favor of such an approach is justified by the fact that indeed the recent American political, social and economic spheres have a number of serious difficulties. In this regard, the value of this book lies in the fact that it offers practical ways to solve the problem of self-identification of Latinos living in the United States.
Mini-Research Paper: Outline and Thesis I. Introduction a. Thesis statement: Jose Angel Gutierrez has been hardly work in order to make the Chicano/Hispanic community successful as he has become a role model in politics because of his active actions in search of equality in education, creation of organizations, and active position regarding the immigration topic. II. Walkouts in high school a. Chicano students striking for equality of education b. Implementation of Mexican-American studies classes c. Recruitment of more Mexican-American teachers and counselors d. Bilingual and bicultural education III. Political action a. Politically active since young age b. Mexican American Youth Organization (MAYO)
The film prejudice and pride, revealed the struggle of Mexican Americans in the 1960s-1970s. In the film it showed Mexican Americans, frustration by the President discrimination and poverty. In this film I learned about the movement that led to the Chicano identity. This movement sparked, when the farm workers in the fields of California, marched on Sacramento for equal pay and humane working conditions. This march was led by César Chavez and Dolores Huerta.