Crimes nearly skyrocketed due to the bootleggers organized crime of transportation and sales to sneak alcohol. Bootleggers began their smuggling of liquor into the United States by crossing the Canadian and Mexican borders and ship transportation from the Bahamas and Cuba. The smuggling became even more riskier and more expensive once the Coast Guards started searching the ships from coast to coast but bootleggers had other sources of supply. Gangs began to take control of the bootlegging industry and go from state to state picking up more people. Al Capone was the leader during the Prohibition era of Chicago.
In the 20’s, the Mafia were the kingpins in the crime business, having taken advantage of prohibition of alcohol to make most of their money. The Mafia made most of their money by selling bootleg versions of alcohol, but they made money through various different ways, none of which were legal. They used many illegal activities to make money, most of which were in big plots to get the money, such as bribing and blackmailing politicians and officers, which was probably one of their biggest schemes to get money. They had many other, smaller, ways to get money for their organization. For example, they hijacked trucks filled with cargo, or bribed dock workers to cause an “accident” to get the exported cargo, both of which gave the Mafia large sums of money for each.
Pena Nieto, the newly appointed president, began his term by improving coordination between intelligence and operations agencies and calling for judicial reform, resulting in high profile captures of drug lords. This different approach caused a decrease in homicides, but an overall increase in kidnappings and extortion cases, showing a diversification of criminal activities. Furthermore, Mexico City, which had previously had lower levels of violence, there was a 21 percent increase in homicide. Calderon’s and Nieto’s initiatives both focused on an issue and improved it to an extent, but their successes were diminished by the fact that the severity of other issues increased. In Nieto’s case the statistics clearly showed that even though he reduced homicide there was still an increase in crime, it just diversified and homicide actually increased in Mexico
For some people dealing was the only way they could make money if they couldnt get an actual job “Responding to the public's desire, gangs in the cities organized and delivered the liquor.” (McNeill). Even though the selling of liquor was illegal it provided jobs for those who couldn't make an income. It was a way for those who didn't have jobs to provide for their families so they could buy food and pay for shelter. But at the same time they risked going to jail and leaving their families. Also since Al Capone was known for getting into trouble, to try and take some of the attention away from that he opened soup kitchens “Hoping to gain favorable publicity and help the city's people, he opened a soup kitchen at 935 South State Street.
Crips founded in 1971 by Stanley (“Tookie”) Williams and Raymond Washington, both high schoolers in los Angeles, for protection from other gang violence. (“which was inspired by the Black Panthers, formed a political group in 1969 that evolved in 1969.”) Other gangs, as in the bloods were established in response to the Crips growing power. In the early 1980’s Crips focused more on drugs, especially crack cocaine, and the gang eventually formed alliances with the Mexican cartels. “Although it is difficult to estimate the exact number of crips in the country because their loose organization, United States Department of Justice claims there are currently upwards of 35,000 members divided between 800 sets in 48 states.” “Los Angeles sentinel is the most commonly cited sources, article from February 1972, which claimed that the crips were named after members of gangs who carried canes as “crips” (cripples)”. “Williams claimed that the gang originally referred to themselves as “Cribs,” but members simply mispronounced the name and it evolved into crips.” Crips was originally shortened for “Continuous Revolution in Progress.
However cocaine was able to become a major epidemic for it was used by all sorts of people, it was not only used by the businessman who needed to keep alert, it was also used recreationally by kids and adults at parties to get a quick high. The epidemic formally started in 1984 when the number of people using the drug on a routine basis increased from 4.2 to 5.8 million. The numbers had been rising but this was the largest rise in numbers yet in the epidemic. Cocaine was able to create such a massive epidemic for the United states government had other things on their plate and they couldn’t worry about a growing epidemic. The government was much more focused on Russia and dealing with the communists.
The MS-13 gang, well known as Mara Salvatrucha 13, is one of the most organized and violently dangerous gangs in the United States. The gang was establishes in the 1980, in the predominately Spanish speaking parts of Los Angeles, initially starting off with refuges who were in nature calm and in control. However, some Mexican immigrants began their power guiding and controlling these individuals into an underworld organization, which quickly began to harden the individuals. Once this occurred in the El Salvadorian neighborhoods, the immigrants wanted to organize themselves, so they decided to come up with a name for themselves. First, they started off with “mara”, which means gang, next, “salva”, stands for their country, El Salvador, and “trucha”, which is used in the English language meaning, cleaver and sharp.
Prohibition increased the amount of crime taking place in american cities, murder, burglary and assault rates increased with the creation of the black market for illegal then substances. Creation of prohibition “helped” in creation of more potent alcohol, young people were exposed to harder liquors that were harmful to their health, due to the fact there was none legal labeling on the alcohol bottles. The current war on drugs had even more drastic results, government started to put more people in jail for not violent crimes, jails started to be filled with inmates that have used the drugs. The drug use policy that is enforced now and the method it uses consist of three parts; first is prevention intervention, second is treatment, and the third one enforcement interventions. The war on drugs in United States limited the tax revenue for the country, and it makes our country looks bad when to compare with other nations; US has the highest incarceration rates on this planet, even though its the country to promote
The reason in which many foreigners wish to immigrate to America is simple. Individuals foresee a better life in the United States; granting more opportunities, a future for their children and families, also most importantly for safety. Although Vito Corleone may have risen to the top he subjected himself and his family to danger as he led the Italian Mafia. There are five families in this movie that can be described as gangs, because they follow the criteria which make-up a gang as according to Thrasher. He states in “Gangland,” that a gang “is characterized by the following types of behavior: meeting face to face, milling, movement through space as a unit, conflict and planning” (57.)
Speakeasies were businesses that sold illegal liquor. The gang leaders opened nightclubs with the best bands, talented dancers and lots of illegal alcohol. The name ‘speakeasy’ originated from the fact that people had to ‘keep it on the low down’ when talking about these illegal pubs yet the people who attended these speakeasies were not shy to be seen there. They were sometimes raided by police and the owners and people who attended were arrested, but speakeasies were so profitable that they continued to thrive. Due to the implementation of prohibition, some speakeasies ensured that the people drank illegal liquor from tea cups, in the event of a police raid.
The Tijuana Cartel, also known as the Arellano Felix Organization(AFO); based in one of the most strategically important Mexico border cities for trafficking drugs into the Unites States. One of Mexico’s most potent and violent criminal groups. It 's responsible for the transportation, importation and distribution of multi-ton quantities of cocaine, marijuana, as well as large quantities of heroin and methamphetamine, into the Unites States from Mexico. They operate mostly in Sinaloa, Jalisco, Michoacán, Chiapas, and Baja California.The Arellano family, composed of seven brother and four sisters. Benjamin Arellano-Felix is the leader of the Arellano-Felix organization.
The purpose of this research is to draw a connection between a history of gang violence in Central America and drug trafficking in Mexico and Central American and Mexican migration patterns to the U.S. Beyond that, this paper highlights U.S. involvement in the increase of gang violence specifically in Honduras and El Salvador, and how the U.S. demand for narcotics has fueled the Drug War throughout Latin America but mostly in Mexico. This paper also shows how U.S. policies on the legalization of certain drugs and criminal justice reforms can decrease illegal immigration and improve the lives of people seeking to migrate north. Introduction As large numbers of Central American and Mexican migrants continue to cross the United States’ southern border, many
When we think of illegal immigrants, usually the first to pop into someone’s mind is Mexicans since the emphasis is always placed on them by news networks compared to our Northern ally, Canada or any other country outside of the U.S’ borders. Along with this problem of illegal immigration being placed onto my people, they to are often associated with criminal activities such as drug trafficking in relation to the drug cartel. This then creates a negative connotation being associated to any person of Mexican descent which can really hurt their perception of society or of themselves. As a child, I would often think I was disgraced with being Mexican due to all these horrible things they are associated with, but as I was growing up I discovered many groups and people that supported the Mexican youth to overcome these challenges such as MEChA and Chicanos Por La Causa.These groups filled me with hope that I could become something that was not connected with such stereotype. They made me ‘sobresalir’ (stand out) and become the best of myself that I could be to demonstrate that not all people of the Mexican race are terrible people.