Michael Sandel's Justice

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In the book “Justice: What’s the right thing to do?” the author, Michael J. Sandel, reveals six primary ethical approaches, which can be utilized to answer the fundamental question of the book, “What’s the right thing to do?” These six approaches consist of utilitarianism, libertarianism, Locke, Kant liberal egalitarian and Aristotle. Utilitarianism consists of the principle of utility, which expresses the idea that moral actions are composed of those, which deliver the greatest amount of joy or happiness to the most amount of people. While this principle of utility gives the illusion of being a flawless idea, its imperfections are at times evidently displayed since utilitarianism attempts to bring happiness to a majority, while also sacrificing…show more content…
However, his stance can be distinguished from that of a libertarian’s since libertarianism is a product of the belief that everyone owns his or her life, while Locke’s view simply establishes the idea that life should be cherished and not forsaken by anyone. Locke’s theory, like libertarianism, establishes that laws and government should be based on consent. However, Locke’s views differentiate from libertarianism since he believed that government and its decisions should be based off of majority’s approval. The main flaw regarding Locke’s views arise from these statements since laws and government cannot be derived from the general public’s consent, while also ignoring the views and approval of a…show more content…
In doing so, these individuals would only be capable of choosing two principles, basic liberties and equal opportunities. Rawls emphasizes how the removal of social disparities and biological advantages would lead to true equality and freedom among humanity. He also explains how effort can be affected by biological and social factors since behavior is shaped by nature and nature. The current economic system of the United States reflects this since it depreciates effort, while valuing efficiency. After having analyzed Rawls’ views and ideas I have concluded that out of the six approaches this would have to be the one I can mostly relate to since it truly emphasizes ideas of establishing true equality and freedom amongst
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