This is primarily a tool at the disposal of the central bank of a country which uses different tools to manage the macro economic variables of a country to keep the economy stable or to stabilize it in situations of fluctuations. Monetary policy can be expansionary or contractionary depending on whether the money supply is being increased or decreased in the system so as to affect economic growth, inflation, exchange rates with other currencies and
The economic system is done on two levels: microeconomics and macroeconomics. Microeconomics is the study of economics on a small scale, such as the individual behaviour in the economy markets (Davis, 2009). For example, microeconomics study will analyse how individuals respond to the incentives, the expenses of a firm or the household income. On the other hand, macroeconomics study of economics on a large scale usually the national economy (Investopedia, 2003). It analyse the national goals of the economy, such as maintaining full employment, stabilizing the economy or pursuing the economic growth.
The Contemporary economies of the world, in my opinion, can truly be examined by two abstract models: Capitalism and Socialism. In this essay I will outline the defining characteristics of each economic model, and compare and contrast these two economic models in terms of economic productivity, economic quality and personal freedom and liberty. To do this we must begin by defining these two economic models: Capitalism may be defined as an economic system where the means of production are privately owned and operated, and where the investment of capital, and production, distribution, income, and prices are determined not by government (as in a planned economy) but through the operation of a market where all decisions regarding transfer of money,
There are two components of well being- material and qualitative well being. Material aspect of it can be measured like the shift in the growth model of measuring GDP to measuring income and consumption. The distribution of wealth and income and the inequalities and disparities that exist need to be filled. Piketty believed in observation of social income and distribution of income. The other aspect is the qualitative part that looks at the non-market dimensions of development that is health, education, the pattern of public expenditure, measurement of personal work and the quality of work produced.
Microeconomics is a smaller window compared to macroeconomics; microeconomics focuses on things surrounding individual businesses and consumers whereas macroeconomics focuses on the bigger picture, or the whole aggregate. Microeconomics is the study of choices that individuals and businesses make, the way those choices interact in markets, and the influence of governments. Different studies within microeconomics include what to produce and how much to charge when it comes to an individual firm. When looking at a household microeconomics would be the study of what and how much of it to buy. Other areas of study for microeconomics would be poverty, income rate on jobs, consumption patterns, and distribution of output; overall microeconomics is
In Economics, Price Elasticity of Demand which is PED or Ed for short measures the responsiveness or elasticity of the quantity demanded of a good or service to the change in its price, ceteris paribus. Elasticity helps a firm to know the net effect of price and quantity effect. It gives the sellers the precise percentage change in quantity demanded in response to a one percent change in price with all other determinants of demand such as income (Y) held constant. Elasticity is useful because it measures relative magnitudes and not absolutes and helps firms to compare the responsiveness of demand across products, individuals and countries. This paper analyzes the concept of elasticities, its uses and application to our economy.
Deductive and inductive reasoning can be applied to analyze certain trends of economic theories. An example of deductive reasoning would be the demand and supply analysis as it involves a set of generally accepted principles about demand and supply. Deductive economics starts with a set of axioms about economies and how they work. It then relies on these principles to explain individual cases or events. To summarize, deduction in economics starts with a generally accepted principle and proceeds to the specific (http://classroom.synonym.com).
This is easily explained: the economist is interested in the production and distribution of the resources available to society. Hence multiple quantitative operations, with quantities of goods, prices and values. The economist's activity ranges from relatively simple calculations, such as those made in accounting and actuarial calculus, to the more complicated ones relating to the search for an efficient allocation of resources. Mathematics then provides tools that can help to achieve a defined goal - the profit of some or the well-being of the community, for example - or to extract information from available data, mobilizing techniques such as Factor analysis or discriminant
Short-run trade-off plays a key role in the analysis of business cycle where fluctuations in economy activity are measured by the production of goods and services or the number of people employed. However, the Phillips Curve illustrates the trade-off between inflation and unemployment. Alan (1997) has defined that the reliability of the modern Philips curve as the “clean little secret” of the macroeconomics. Stock and Watson (1999) conducted that “inflation forecasts produced by the Phillips curve are more accurate than forecasts based on other macroeconomic variables, such as interest rates, money, and commodity prices. These forecasts can be improved by using the Phillips curved based on the measures of real aggregate activity of unemployment.” All in all, the ten standards of financial matters assume a basic part in how a nation, a firm or a family deals with its rare assets proficiently while keeping up the value pie that fulfills every part 's monetary pie.
ECONOMICS ASSIGNMENT CLASSIFICATION OF MARKETS AND ITS PRACTICAL IMPORTANCE SUBMITTED BY, REVIN FRANCIS NO-b1488 MBA-A MARKET STRUCTURE Market structure is defined by economists as the characteristics of the market. It can be organizational characteristics or competitive characteristics or any other features that can best describe a goods and services market. The major characteristics that economist have focused on in describing the market structures are the nature of competition and the mode of pricing in that market. Market structures can also be described as the number of firms in the market that produce identical goods and services. The market structure has great influence on the behaviour of individuals firms in the market.