What Is The Importance Of Microorganisms

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Microorganisms are all around us. They are what keeps our bodies functioning efficiently. They help our bodies with nutrition and immunity as well as protecting us from infection, contribute to organ development and our general health overall. A microbe is an organism that typically is unicellular. The term for microorganisms is very general as they are one of the most diverse organisms and cover bacteria, fungi, archaea, protists, green algae, plankton and amoeba. There are two main types of microorganism that benefit our health largely, these are Fungi and Bacteria. They carry out two different roles in our overall human health. Fungi’s role is to make antibiotics through the process of excretion . Antibiotics role to help us maintain a…show more content…
Antibiotics destroy not only the pathogens making you sick, but also your resident friendly flora. This causes our gut flora to be weaker than usual, as there are limited beneficial flora. This is not good as these flora help us maintain healthy gut and immune system. Because of this consequence, caused by the antibiotics we are often recommended to take probiotic supplements. These probiotic supplements contain live bacteria and yeasts that are great for our health. These live bacteria help restore our beneficial flora, that have been killed off. Through taking these supplements you are helping to maintain proper gut health which is an important aspect of physical wellbeing. This restoring of your beneficial flora helps promote a faster…show more content…
This is suggested due to the spread of antibiotic resistance. Antibiotic resistance is where the bacteria become immune to the certain type of antibiotic. This is because there are mutations that occur in the genes of some bacterial cells. Some of which can provide protection against the effects of antibiotics. When a person takes the antibiotics, the antibiotics can only kill the bacteria that don’t carry the mutation. The patient then starts to feel better as most of the bacteria is killed. It is these mutation bacteria that start the resistance as the pathogens are able to reproduce more ,with less competition. This reproduction gives the new bacteria the mutation as well resulting in more resistant bacteria.They also exchange their immunity through their plasmids,(this is a type of DNA in the bacterial cell) this is a way that the resistance can spread quickly through a population. The number of antibiotic-resistant bacteria within the population increases when the bacteria are transmitted to other people. This means that the antibiotics that were previously used to control the disease are now less effective and may become completely ineffective. This ineffectiveness causes the rise of the superbug. These are very harmful bacteria, as there are no type of antibiotics that can beat there cell structure. A variety of superbugs already exist in the world
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