This was due to their growing population, capital, and political involvement. Because of this, the influence of the middle class spread through the economic, social, and political aspects of England, but all of this would not have occurred without the Industrial Revolution. As more new products were developed, there was a growing demand for educated workers. Thus, capitalists and others benefitting from the work of the middle class supported educational reforms. As better education became more accessible for the working and middle class, the working class moved into the middle class and the middle class rarely regressed into lower class.
While Britain saw a growth in the job industry, factories were constructed to provide Britain with access to raw materials. The British government used the profits that were made through the trade to set up factories and fund factory jobs. Merchants and planters, who became wealthy through the slave trade, also invested their profits in factories and inventions, which helped eventually led to the Industrial
With the support of political input, commoners and entrepreneurs were able to create their own wealth. Along with that, England preceded in industrial progress because of the people and their interaction with England’s environment. England had an abundance of natural resource that provided fuel for inventions. Their position of having colonial and maritime power also increased their involvement
Instead of there being peasants or serfs, there was now the wage-labor force. This is what helped create the rise of the free-market and capitalism and the Bourgeois and the Proletariats. Now skilled labor became a commodity in the market place, and it suffered when the factory system arose. The Western Heritage states, “In the process of becoming wage laborers, artisans gradually lost both significant ownership of the means of production, such as tools and equipment, and of control over the conduct of their own trades.” Instead of the monarchy controlling businesses and the aristocrats, now the middle classes or those that could run factories controlled businesses and turned them into a big profit. Mass production became a big theme during this time, which allowed prices to lower on several goods.
The economy gave birth to a middle class and consumerism in the cities. In addition to this trend, there was mass immigration as American prosperity became apparent internationally. At the time, many portions of the world such as in Europe were experiencing strife. This led to migration to the US. Most of these immigrants were poorly skilled and uneducated.
This meant many new factories and workspaces were built. This also meant that the rich or the upper class grew a lot. Including the upper class growth, the middle class also grew a lot. Since many new workplaces were made, the working class also got a
The Industrial Revolution’s birth in England was due to: its Geography, the Agricultural Revolution, and the political stability. The first factor that contributed to the Industrial Revolution was England’s geography. “England...has been fortunate in processing the natural condition necessary for success””her harbors are plentiful, that she is not ill-off for rivers, and that no part of the country is farther than seventy miles from the sea”(doc 4). The rivers and abundant natural resources had a big role to play in the increasing demand for new technologies. Water and coal were very abundant and were used to power machines and factories.
This progression of manufacturing led to a larger middle class, as people found the desire to buy luxury goods for themselves once again, leading to economic enhancement. Nationalism was further highlighted by the Tariff of 1816 - the first tariff in American history, which was instituted primarily for protection, not revenue (Borneman 261). The expansion of industrialization as a result of this enlarged middle class demonstrated America’s need to expand their self-sufficiency; because before the war, America greatly relied on foreign countries. The War of 1812 revealed the necessity for a better transportation system, economic independence, and independent markets, all of which came to fruition as a result of the
Britain became of higher wealth from all of this colonisation - profits gained in the early centuries came mostly from the trade of furs, tea and slaves. From the slaves came successes in sugar, rubber, cotton and other plantations. By 1850, Britain accounted for, allegedly, half of the total world GDP (Gross Domestic Product - a measure of goods and services in a period). John Hobson commented on the economical progress made by Britain when he said “ It is not too much to say that the modern foreign policy of Great Britain has