Early modern slavery is typically defined as the forced labor of millions of Africans between the 16th and 19th centuries. It was filled with brutality, sickness, and inhumanity perpetrated by white, colonialist Europeans who were searching for wealth in a foreign land through cash crops and servitude. However, there was a different kind of slavery perpetrated in the African continent: servitude where “they were only prisoners of war, or…had been convicted of kidnapping or adultery” (Equiano, 30). Olaudah Equiano’s narrative, published in 1789, reveals a story of slavery perpetrated by his own people. This revelation brings to the light the difference in societal standing and ultimate economic worth of the individuals.
Africans were involved in slavery many years before the Europeans. They never based their slavery on race, but on strong vs.weak(tribes). A system where Monarchs, Merchants,and Mercenaries was the chain of being. War was a part of everyday life in Africa, so the tribe that won the war would take other tribe members in hostage. Port Loko, a city with Tempnies(collected captives) , would border slaves in ships, send them down the river where they would be sold to the Europeans for profits.
In response to the everlasting effects of the Transatlantic Slave Trade, I believe that Yaa Gyasi wrote Homegoing in order to shed a light on the harrowing reality that many Africans and African Americans onced lived through. Enslaved and stripped of their identities, Yaa Gyasi illustrates the dehumanization of Africans through the characters of Esi and Ness. Set in the time period of when Africans were beginning to work with the Europeans in the slave trade, invaders capture Esi and take her to the dungeons of the Cape Coast Castle. Here, the memories of her splendid past life only serve as a way to forget about the Castle. The conditions of the dungeons are unbearable; women stacked on top of each other and their waste was up to their ankles (Gyasi 46).
As seen on the map on page 194, the most volume of slave trade came from Sub-Saharan Africa. These slaves were to be sent around the world, but mostly in the Americas. xThe slave trade that linked Africa to the Americas and Europe set in motion paths of cultural diffusions that transferred Africans and their cultures across the Atlantic Ocean. Slavery damaged the demographic and political strength of the African societies. West Africa was especially affected because that was where most slaves were taken.
The underlying pattern of the conspiracy was to select people who were illiterate and destitute to work in the foreign land of the Atlantic World. The demand for numbers of slaves increased as more and more slave owners and merchants favored this system as opposed to indentured servants. As a result, slave trades became one of the most profitable business that led many millions of African captives into the Atlantic
The Slave Trade worked in a triangular voyage between Europe, Africa and West Indies and to the African American kings and leaders to trade slaves for weapons and goods and were brought to America to work on the fields. Also, represented a complex financial business at its peak the 18 century. According to Regional Origins of Enslaved Africans Destined for the Americas from The Atlantic Slave Trade: A Database on CD- Rom by David Eltis,Stephen Behrendt, David Richarson and Herbert Klein, The England’s Royal African Company (RAC), were regulated the trade between the slaves and the private business owners of slave, who eventually use to sell the slave to a different people. “The trade was propelled by credit flowing outward from Europe and used by merchants to purchase men, women, and children in West Africa.” The cruel inhuman condition experienced by Africans from their initial capture, their journey along middle passages and enslavement in the West Indies demanded that slave trade be abolished and slave freed.
From mid-15th century to the end of the 19th century, in order to provide labor, the western colonial countries took a large number of black people from Africa to American colonial plantations and mines. Since the slave trade was mainly carried out on both sides of the Atlantic, the western countries generally call it “the Atlantic slave trade”. Although it brought huge profits to the capitalists of Western Europe, it is the darkest period in African history. We can say that the slavery in the New World was absolutely dehumanizing, and it’s extremely cruel. It has caused billions of Africans lose their lives and has had a very serious impact on the development of Africa.
Slave trade were the black African people who were being sold and taken to the North America and European countries for their goods to be traded. This system of trading was started in the mid-17th century where European traders capture them for months and months to do their business. The journey of slavery began in the interior of Africa where they give to a weak tribal state to stronger one. Slave was served for two reasons; control of racial in the white country and for labor system. There were three kinds of slaves who were being the slave for different reasons.
Early victims of the Atlantic Slave Trade were traded throughout different locations, which included the Americas, Middle East, and a number of other locations throughout the world. The early slaves of the Atlantic Slave Trade were captured or received from coastal areas of
In the late 1600’s, Spain, England, Holland, Denmark and France were all sailing their ships towards West Africa in order to acquire slaves. After then, “slave trade became big business” (Goodman, 7). Traders faced difficulties in selecting the slaves. England ships would stop on the coast of Africa, and then captains would embark for small ships. “If the slave trader was a black chief, there had to be a certain amount of discussion or talk, before commencing the trade.