Although there are seemingly multiple advantage of zero tolerance policies in schools, there are many other disadvantages against the use of ZT policies in school , One of the main disadvantages of zero-tolerance policy is the fact that it targets students with disabilities. A number of studies found that the rate of school suspension was relatively high among students with disabilities (Edmonds-Cady & Hock, 2008; Morgan, Salomon, Plotkin, & Cohen, 2014). The same applies to minorities such as people with color as several studies found that African Americans are expelled from schools at higher rate than their white peers (Skiba 2001). Another disadvantage is the disciplinary actions resulting from applying zero-tolerance policy such as suspension and expulsion affects school climate and cause the school ratings to drop.
Askeland, Haugland, Stormark, Bøe and Hysing (2015), stated that probability of moderate and high levels of nonattendance were evident among girls, adolescents of low socioeconomic status, and those who were living alone or with peers. Moreover, recurring absences were apparent to adolescents with less educated mothers and those who are not living with their own family. Quite the opposite, Muula, Rudatsikira, Babaniyi, Songolo and Siziya (2012) who examined the prevalence and associated factors of truancy among grades 7-10 pupils, contrarily asserted that males more than females educed truancy. The results of their study also revealed that truancy was likely exhibited by older pupils as compared with those whose age were less than 14, and by pupils who shared negative feelings towards peers. Parental supervision was believed to be highly associated with truancy, however, association between grade level and truancy were found incoherent.
In the United States, academic underachievement among children who are not fluent speakers of the predominant school language, English, is an unequivocal reality (Fry, 2008). Language-correlated achievement gaps have been characterized in other countries too. Dustmann et al. (2012) found that a language spoken at home that is not the predominant language in education is the single most important factor associated with the achievement gap between immigrants and natives of several OECD countries. Minority language students tend to perform more poorly in school than majority language peers, probably because of limited proficiency in the primary language of instruction (August & Shanahan, 2006; Kieffer, 2008).
According to the federal bureau of investigation crime rates have significantly dropped since 2010. There has been a plethora of efforts to make the current averages plummet, such as G.R.E.A.T., Comprehensive whole child intervention and prevention program, Truancy reduction program, School resource officer program, Scared straight program, etc. The core focus of this paper is to analyze these programs and their results to see whether or not these programs are effective in preventing and suppressing gang involvement. While also pointing out a few implications, and possibly recommendations for future research. Koffman et al.
Personal factors as well include poor self-esteem, feelings of academic incompetence, poor relationships with students, and gang involvement. Truants generally report less attachment to school and have less satisfactory experiences at school, than non-truants. The link between truancy and dropout have been demonstrated by a number of studies that show that dropouts may begin having attendance problems as early as 1st grade (Sheldon, 2002). Students who skip significant numbers of classes often to earn credit for those classes either because they also neglect homework and fail tests, or because of mandatory attendance requirements set by the schools.
One common misconception about public education is that it is the only valid method of education in modern society. This is not true. There are a plethora of private and home education options available nationally. On average, homeschooled students receive considerably higher scores on standardized tests than public schooled students. While median scores for most standardized tests for public school students are around the fiftieth percentile, the median score of homeschoolers on the same standardized tests are in the eightieth percentile or higher, in all subjects.
On average, most students take the test three times in their college careers. The article provides statistics that show how most college students are not making any improvements in their writing, complex reasoning, or critical-thinking skills. The author concludes the article by observing that students deserve a better education
Ysseldyk et al, 2009c) and improved self-regard (Talebi et al, 2009). Misery, dejection, and tension are likewise unequivocally connected with poor school performance for instance; students who are discouraged regularly skip classes, return home, or start mishandling alcohol or drugs (O 'Malley and Johnston, 2002; Perkins, 2002; Wechsler et al.,
It is estimated that single parent family has a negative effect on the educational performance of children in Shang Hai. Secondly, the scores of children from single mother family and single father family will be analyzed to test the second hypothesis. The result is predicted to be that the educational performance of children from single father family is worse than that of children from single mother family in Shang Hai. And the final discussion will talk about the scores of boys and girls from single parent families which will be estimated that boys will perform worse than girls when they are from single parent
As a result, we had in 2011 nearly half (48.1%) of all Dane County’s Black third graders failed to meet proficiency standards in reading, compared to 10.9% of White third graders. In other words, Dane County Black third graders were 4.4 times more likely NOT to be proficient in reading than their White peers. In other words, because of this large difference between rich and poor property taxes payment, rich communities receive more school funding and give great opportunities to their children to have higher quality education than poor communities. In “School funding inequality makes education separate and unequal”, Klein Rebecca (2015)
The tests narrow down the curriculum to focus on the subjects that are on the test, forgetting about the other subjects. Standardized tests cannot measure all that schools teach like how to be a problem solver. Standardized tests have not improved America’s education system. Every once in a while the world will submit their schools performance and they will be ranked with
9.) Normative age-graded influences have strong correlation with age. This is where children transition from one setting to another based on age. An example would be transitioning from elementary school to middle school. Where middle school is less structured than elementary school and more complex.
Situation: I was looking over my son's grades, and noticed he had a few missing assignments that were impacting his grades. My feelings: I was angry at first, but then, I felt guilty about my anger because this was to be expected to some degree. Middle school is new to him. The transition process can take some time getting used to. Especially, coming from spending the majority of a day in one class, now, switching every 45-50 minutes between 7-8 classes.
As children grow up into adults, middle school education plays a significant role in developing teenagers’ cognition. During this period, both boys and girls need attention, encouragement, and recognition. However, gender bias in education has historically been a common phenomenon. For example, girls in the class receive less attention from teachers than boys. An in-depth analysis from Peggy Orenstein’s “The Daily Grind: Lessons in the Hidden Curriculum” and Karen Stabiner’s “