Immigration, it has been the defining characteristic of many countries as it helped to create a diversified environment. Throughout history persons have decided to relocate for a variety of reasons which has undoubtedly molded our now reality. There are quite a number of pull and push factors that contribute to people movement. According to James M. Rubenstein (2014) “Pull factors induces people to move out of their present location whereas a pull factor induces persons to move into a new location.” When these factors are taken into consideration we are able to dwell specifically on the reasons persons choose to make this lifetime decision. Migration studies would examine patterns migrants would take in an effort to understand which of these
Rather than working domestically, women tend to migrate overseas as the remuneration they obtain often would be too tempting to pass off. Even for low-skilled domestic workers, their monthly remittances would often exceed their husband’s salary (Pingol, 2001: 33). Hence, at this also illustrates how the family’s economic situation have forced women into the becoming migrant domestic
This indicates that by looking at demographic in China, internal migration causes overpopulation in eastern China, which can trigger depletion of resources, degradation of environment, rise in unemployment, high cost of living, and conflicts and wars. Not only that, since most of the internal migrants do not have approval from the government, they do not have access to most social services. Therefore, occupational safety and health is a huge problem for the migrant workforce. According to International Labor Organization, statistics illustrates from 2000 to 2004 the amount of workplace accidents increased from 100,000 up to 136,000 fatalities and roughly “90% of patients suffering from workplace-related diseases are migrant workers” (IN TEXT CITATION). At the same time, due to the low wages
Additionally, the skills of migrants can be complementary to the local workers and all workers experience increased efficiency which can be expected to lead to a growth in the income of existing workers. Moreover, increasing number of immigrants cause the increase of demands for goods and services which expand workplaces withing the supply
In their terms of their job that is better and meet their forte are job that does not include very difficult things, dirt and very dangerous. All these causes creating opportunities to the immigrant to take a job since they are not selective and labors shortage would be solved. “Besides, the rapid development of industrialization and manufacturing activates also leads to the issue of labors shortage at all level” ("Foreign Workers And The Malaysia Economy", 2004/2005). It would be wise to take action of taking immigrant as their workers because immigrant will help in getting profit and maintain the performance. Immigrant are easy to recruit and also immigrant accept if their boss give them a low income.
They were forced to work in construction or agricultural sectors, the sam thing with Syrian refugee children. The other countries worked in factory or garment industry. All those products seem to be as “produced using modern slavery”(Azzeh, 2014). In 2012, Burmese workers were forced to work in garment industry which is 63 percent of women and most female workers risk to sexual harassment (The UN Refugee Agency, 2014). Some girls were forced to drop out school and start working in Jordan.
People move because they expect to live a better life but this is not the actual case. There are effects of migration, both good and bad and it affects both migrants and the place that they move to. On one hand, migration attributes to overall growth of the country as more people start working at better wages and leads a better life; get a sense of freedom and individuality with better education and health facilities. On the other hand, migrants also face a number of challenges after moving into a city, some of them including, proper documentation and identity proof like birth certificate which most rural population do not possess disallowing them to have a bank account, ration card, pan card, difficulty in getting school and college admission etc. Housing problems, financial problems and sometimes even lack of basic amenities like food, clean water, sanitation and health is also denied to migrants.
In general, those who travel over are of a working age and therefore able to pay taxes, which will contribute to economic growth. They also bring with them a raft of knowledge and skills that may be needed in the labour market. On the other hand, one of the main reasons why migrants are being presented as a threat is due to their assimilation with criminality and terrorism. More often than not, migrants are talked about in terms of being illegal, meaning they have entered a country without having met the criteria to do so legally. Indeed, a recent study – in relation to newspapers’ language of migration – conducted by the University of Oxford found that “illegal was the most common modifier of ‘immigrants’ throughout the 43 million word corpus” (University of Oxford, 2013) they read.
Migration is a complicated procedure that has been going on in human societies for many centuries. Many People decide to leave their homes behind for all types of reasons such as, economic, social, political or environmental. New countries fascinate people by the elements that they provide, its called pull factors, which is a force that drives people away from a country or place, and the pull factor is what draws them to a new location. On the other hand, others find it tough to remain where they are and migrate to another country because of the push factors, which is a negative aspect, or condition that motivates a person to leave their homeland. Moreover, these factors have contributed to the migration of people over the years.
The poor economic conditions and the resultant economic misery or lack of opportunities for advancement push people out of the region in search of a livelihood or better opportunities. The pull factors refer to those factors which encourage migration to an area- opportunities for better employment, higher wages, facilities and amenities of modern life, etc. attract people to certain areas. 1.4. Human rights of the Children of Migrant