Migration In The European Union

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Migration has been discussed extensively in recent years, especially in the European Union where it is currently considered by some politicians, media outlets and citizens as a contemporary security threat with serious implications for the socio-political and socio-economic stability on both domestic and regional levels.

Theories that explain the reasons for the decision to migrate are generally characterised by three basic approaches: ecological, behavioural and political. These are sequential, but they have overlapped and can be complementary too. As an outcome of this contemporary security threat, border management has become a key element in the EU. This management is a direct result of three basic facts, geographical, political and
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This essay presents the chronological development of the phenomenon of immigration in the European Union, and how in this process, the phenomenon has shifted from being a political issue to being a securitized issue. This has been chosen as a topic for this paper because many EU countries today frame immigration as an important security challenge , by coupling it with an increasing fear of “terrorists”, “illegal migrants” and other threats to internal safety. But 70 years ago, this was far from being the case. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to analyse how and why this change has happened.

First of all, we are going to frame the analysis in the corresponding theoretical framework. To do so, we are going to choose a theoretical framework, which examines, in brief, the various aspects of securitization as a theoretical tool of analysis, and also the evolution of migration as a security
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It can be stressed that from this moment onwards, migration would become increasingly securitized due to a willingness to protect the social and economic rights of the domestic workers. In order to do this, control oriented policies were put in place, substituting workforce permissive immigration policies. For instance, one of these key policies regarding the securitization of the phenomenon that were put in place in 1968 was The Council Regulation 1612/68 . This Regulation implied that movement was free but with a distinction in place; the free movement member state nationals and the right of free movement of nationals from third

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