Aastha Yadav Parag Jyoti Saikia World Civilization 12 March 2018 How Does Colonization and Global Economy effect on African Society? Colonization refers” Process of controlling power by dominant group over recessive group or area” Europeans came Africa for trading purpose and introduced slavery that deviated Africans life and society. Colonization and global economy effect Africa, it damaged tradition economy, culture, political policies and dramatically it effect on land and labor. Globalization and colonization often increased tension and led to violence among ethnic groups. A part of it Europeans also built Africa in terms of education, development and growth, reformed political and social policies, new technology came out etc.
Regarding the stock of tertiary-educated emigrants, several interesting features emerge. First of all it was noticed that the number of tertiary-educated workers in the total stock of migrants exceed the share of tertiary-educated workers in the domestic labor force in every developing region of the world. In sub-Saharan Africa, the tertiary educated account for less than 3 percent of the labor force but more than 35 percent of all migrants (Ratha, Mohapatra, Ozden, Plaza and Shimeles, 2011). Secondly, highly educated individuals are more likely to emigrate than less educated ones. For instance in 2005/2006, the emigration rates of tertiary-educated people (13.3%) exceed by far the total emigration rates (1%) in The Gambia (OECD, 2012).
It is very often the case that these divisions are coalesced, connected in some way or another. An example of this would be the result of previous racial discrimination against black people in countries such as South Africa, which forced the majority of people of colour into the lower class category. The racial divide determined a class divide through the repression and segregation of black people. It may be fair to say that racial segregation between black people and white people became the major segregator during the European colonization of Africa, promoting powerful and dominant racism. Because of this history, racism and racial segregation is still a deep-seated
Thousands of immigrants are going to the foreign land that’s why some countries population come one the peak. According to McNeil (2011), population is increasing in certain regions this is the major disadvantage of immigration. Because people move one country to another country that’s why population is increasing day by day and crowd is enhancing. Therefore, the natural resources are also being imbalance. Furthermore, when immigrants move to another land then they also bring many diseases in the countries and this is very harmful for the host countries people.
The main purpose of the report is to the let reader known about the colonialism and how it’s arrived in Africa. We will discuss many different things such as history of Africa. When did colonialism start in this part of world and what are the factors which lead to the colonization in Africa. Role of the different nations in this whole process will also be discussed
Most of these African countries witnessed violent transitions to a post-colonial era which included among other things, armed conflicts stemming from geopolitical disputes associated with boundary marking related processes. The African continent was faced with a number of challenges that limited economic growth performances during these periods and these included developmental challenges. Other factors that contributed to the slow economic growth during these periods include; inadequate resources mobilization and capital formation, and the continent’s skewed trade relations, yet new growth theories suggest that long run growth rate is boosted by the trade impede
While Africa has had its offer of between states wars, the lion's share of its contentions were inner, and these inward clashes give off an impression of being expanding, as somewhere else. A shocking consider this is that the non-military personnel populaces endure the worst part of the losses in such clashes, assessed at some 80-90 for every penny of aggregate setbacks over the world. These contentions cause setbacks and displaced people as well as contribute inconceivably to the spread of illness, lack of healthy sustenance and starvation, social and monetary decay and good
But stands among the rapidly urbanizing countries in the developing world. Vast number of people are leaving the rural area and joining the urban people every day. The reason for exodus to urban areas widely varies from place to place. But most studies indicate the economic motives as the major driving force behind the recent vary vast urbanization phenomena in Ethiopia. For example chronic lack of rural employment opportunities, rapidly increasing population pressure and land fragmentation, were the major forces behind the high rural-urban migration in Ethiopia.
CHAPTER 2 : LITERATURE REVIEW 1. Extractive Industries in Global Context Non-renewable mineral resources play a dominant role in 81 countries, which collectively account for a quarter of world GDP, half of the world’s population and nearly 70% of those in extreme poverty . About 3.5 billion people live in countries rich in oil, gas or minerals, but all too often, these resources have turned out to be a cause of conflict rather than opportunity. Many of these countries also suffer from poverty, corruption and conflict stemming from weak governance. In some cases, resource wealth is connected with political disorder, declining standards of living, civil clash, and elite capture.
et al (1998). There has been an increase in global numbers of conventional refugees from around 2.5 million in the early 1970s to around 23 million in the 1990s. Further, the number of non-conventional refugees (internally displaced persons) is currently bigger than the conventional refugee population and is estimated to be 27 million globally as stated by Kane (1995). While it’s common knowledge that many refugees do in fact end up in the Western countries and other industrialized nations, many would be surprised to learn that the bulk of refugees’ populations around the world are currently residing in developing countries rather than in already developed countries. Often the reason that developing countries host large numbers of refugees is simply because of proximity to arrears of conflict as per Riley