Impacts from numerous parts of the world, for example, India, China, the Arabian Peninsula and the West have been basic in molding the current Malay culture and identity. Some of the social practices of the Malays have developed as a result of inter-mingling and blending of different societies. Legend has it that the inception of Malay can be related to the river Sungai Melayu stream that streams in Sumatra.
The geography of Malaysia has been fundamental in the development of the rich and varied history of this resource-abundant country. At a strategic crossroads between the Eastern and Western worlds, the Malay Peninsula separates the Indian Ocean from the South China Sea. Since ancient times merchants and foreign cultures have been attracted to this land to conduct business and trade. HISTORY Although Muslims had passed through the Malay Peninsula as early as the 10th century, it was not until the 14th and 15th centuries that Islam first firmly established itself. The adoption of Islam by the 15th century saw the rise of a number of sultanates, the most prominent of which was the Sultanate of Malacca.
It is believed that Malayalam is derived from Tamil, another south Dravidian language during the sangam period. But many words in Malayalam are borrowed from Sanskrit, and this gives rise to a counter argument about the origin of the language. (Poozhikkadu, 2015) After World War II, Malayalees traveled to Malaya seeking for a better life, most of them had come in for employment and were successful. They were initially employed on plantations as conductors, clerks and hospital assistant. Although bond with their home state was very strong, many decide to make Malaya as their second home.
They also recruited a small number of local Malays who were able to understand and communicate even in some simple everyday English. Later, the expansion of commerce and trading in town areas especially had influenced and enhanced the use of English among the locals for everyday conversation. Many outside traders from different places, groups and races came to the port cities of Singapore, Malacca and Penang. Albeit in 16th century Malay language was the lingua franca or the language used as a spoken language
The Malays and Karo peoples are the natives in Medan, already living in the city after the founding of Medan. The Malays living spread throughout the city, but they have a big concentration population in Medan Maimun, Medan Kota and Medan Area, meanwhile the Karo people mostly resided around Medan Selayang and Medan Tuntungan
Culture Heritage The Malay Culture 1. The Religion and Culture Most Singapore Malays in Singapore are Sunni Muslims. And as part of their strong belief, Muslims pray five times a day as rituals, or also known as ‘Salat’, and consume only halal food. Built in the 1800s for prominent Malay people in Singapore then, these are some places people can visit to experience the religious side of the Malay’s. - Sultan Mosque - Hajjah Fatimah Mosque - Jamae Mosque 2.
Parameswara and his followers retreated to the Malay Peninsula. The prince first set-up camp in Muar and then, Sening Hujung, Bertam, but finally he ended up in Malacca circa 1400. However, in recent studies some scholars argued that the Malacca Sultanate was founded in year 1262. As for the name of the kingdom of Malacca, there is both legend and history about the name. In Malay tradition, it told that Parameswara seat under a tree by the banks of the river Bertam.
However, majority of the Buddhists today in the maritime nations of SEA followed Mahayana Buddhism, that spread to countries like Singapore where it is the predominant religion of most Chinese communities. In Malaysia, Brunei, Philippines and Indonesia, it remains a strong minority. Mahayana Buddhism began around the 2nd c. BC, evolved from other sub-traditions and in the 1st c. CE spread eastward across the central Asian trade routes to China, then spreading to Vietnam. The Chinese Immigrants of the 19th century also brought Mahayana Buddhism to Singapore and other urban areas. Compared to Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana Buddhism is more mystical, where they believe strongly in “Bodhisattvas”, or Buddhas-to-be.
Malaysia is a multi-racial country consisting of Malays, Chinese, Indians and numerous indigenous people. With this, comes a myriad of religion, festivals, food and customs. In this assignment, I was assigned to make a folio about the celebration of second largest ethnic in Malaysia, Chinese New Year. The second largest ethnic group, the Malaysian Chinese form 25% of the population. Mostly descendents of Chinese immigrants during the 19th century, different dialects are spoken.