In a European colonial perspective, the Vietnamese peoples had to combat the threat of French colonialism as a threat to their identity in the region from 1859-1885. During this time, the French had colonized Vietnam as part of a larger colonial policy in French Indochina. The Vietnamese peoples were forced to learn a western style of education and Catholics was the dominant religion to be forced onto the Vietnamese culture. These types of policies were eventually perceived as being oppressive, since Vietnamese nationalist began gaining power in the early 20th century. For instance, the French would force the Vietnamese peasant population the Latin Alphabet in order to being to the process of converting the local population into a French speaking society: “Admirals realized a Latin alphabet would allow French administrators to learn Vietnamese more easily…[and] the possibility of a creating a language that all Franco-Annamese people will understand” (Goscha 82).
However, ‘to the Vietnamese, these were geographical terms, and their use by the French to imply a political division of the Vietnamese homeland was as odious to the Vietnamese as the loss of independence’ (St. John, 1998 p. 14). The capital of French Indochina had always been in Vietnam, first it was Saigon, later Hanoi. This emphasized the differences between the north and the south that were created by colonization, which later led to a communist north and a capitalist south after decolonization. Besides that, having a single strong capital that functions as an administrative and commercial centre also indicates a historical-empirical approach to development. This approach could also be found in the social differentiation and the drainage of the hinterland.
Foremost, the main pull factor for leaving Vietnam was due to HO, otherwise known as Humanitarian Operation. The program allowed former prisoners of reeducation camps in Vietnam and a number of his family members to settle in the U.S. My grandpa confirmed eligible for the program, also granting both my grandma’s and mom’s qualifications. On the other hand, an extreme push factor for going through with the decision was Vietnam’s living conditions. Due to the war, Vietnam’s economy collapsed a tremendous amount, forcing families stuck between the lower and working class. As a result, poverty spread like a disease, dominating the lives of citizens.
The causes of the Vietnam War originated from the consequences and components of the Cold war. The main cause was America grew a fear of communism spreading. So when the northern communist part of Vietnam tried to take over Americans feared that communism was threatening to expand all over south-east Asia (Trueman, 2018). So in order to stop it from spreading America tried to intervene. But the US did not want to go straight in and start a war because of the USSR had ties to Vietnam.
Tashena Rochester Americans move to settle in the West was purely motivated by the need for more money. The government once thought of the West as uncivilized and that humans should not live there. They thought that only uncivilized people such as the Indians and the wild animals should live there. But after the Civil War, the government encouraged people to move westward for more than one reason. One of the main reasons for Americans to move there was to rob the Indians of their land.
Another reason for trading in Indonesia was the spirit of competition. Before 1602, the Portuguese dominated trade in the region. (Mintz 49, 52) The Dutch Prince Maurice encouraged the VOC to set up trade with the Spice Islands and to drive out the Portuguese from those lands. As an added bonus, the Netherlands were able to capture many of the enemy’s fortresses and trading posts. (van Dam 4) It is clear that the Dutch mostly wanted profit and economic domination in Indonesia, and were determined to complete those goals with the use of the East India Trading Company.
Since then the country has seen many wars mostly involving boarder issues with neighboring China. The country has been through many civil wars along with fighting enemies abroad at the same time. Vietnam was not on the radar of most powerful countries until the French Indochina war in the mid-nineteenth century. Then again, during the Second World War with the Japan Empire over taking Vietnam and forcing all that opposed to force labor to work for the Japan Empire’s war machine (Elanor Jane Sterling, 2007). After the turn of World War II, the country forced into yet again a civil war between the communist and the people’s republic of Vietnam.
In Vietnamese culture, it is normal to revisit and discuss for the deal that has been done before. Therefore, to be well-adopted to this culture, being flexible and well-prepared for what you can and cannot change is necessary to deal with this
There were really strong leaders in the Vietnamese War. The Vietnamese War started between the communist government of North Vietnam and its allies the Viet Cong, against the government of South Vietnam with United States. The war was fought in the purpose of deciding whether Vietnam should be ruled in a communist way. The Vietnamese War was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. Creighton Abrams, Ho Chi Minh, William Westmoreland, John F. Kennedy, and Vo Nguyen Giap are some of the Big leaders during those times.
Many people migrated to the Netherlands since 1940 (Coello, 2010: 32). This event coincided with the end of Dutch colonialization to Indonesia. Many Indonesians, especially those from the Moluccas who were brought to the Netherlands and eventually made their family there. This the beginning and the forerunner of the Netherlands has a new ethnic and not a native Dutch. After 1945, the Dutch were widely abandoned to emigrate to Australia, Canada, the United States and South Africa, while immigrants who moved to the Netherlands generally came from former Dutch East Indies (Coello, 2010: 50).