Migration Issues In Rohingya

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1.0 INTRODUCTION Forced Migration is becoming one of the biggest and most complex problems in the 21st century. The International Organization for Migration defines forced migration as any person who migrates to "escape persecution, conflict, repression, natural and human-made disasters, ecological degradation, or other situations that endanger their lives, freedom or livelihood”. The total number of people forcibly displaced worldwide has reached 45.2 million in 2012, according to a report published by the UNHCR.Rohingya, a Muslim Bengali-speaking, ethnic group that live in Rakhine State, on Myanmar’s western coast. They are fleeing oppressive conditions in Myanmar or being migrated forcedly, where they are unconditionally denied citizenship…show more content…
In the course of over the last seven decades, governments in Myanmar have discriminated against Rohingyas, failing to count them as a ‘national race’ or even a distinctive linguistic, religious and cultural group. In 1998, in a letter to UNHCR, Burma’s then Prime Minister General KhinNyunt wrote: “Rohingyas are not originally from Myanmar but have illegally migrated to Myanmar because of population pressures in their own country.” And a February 2009 article in the government-owned New Light of Myanmar newspaper stated that “In Myanmar there is no national race by the name of Rohinja.” Deprivation of citizenship has served as a key strategy to justify arbitrarytreatment and discriminatory policies against the Rohingya. On 10 May 2008, the Rohingya were allowed to vote in the constitutional referendum but ironically the new Constitution, which was approved, does not contain any provisions granting them citizenship rights. There is no political will for the Rohingya to be accepted as Burmese citizens in the foreseeable future (Lewa, 2009).As Myanmar Govt. considers that Rohingyas are economic migrants from Bangladesh, especially from the Chittagong area which is adjacent to Rakhaine State of Myanmar, where Rohingyas are living, that’s why they cannot be the citizen of Myanmar. Although there…show more content…
Survival is our only tool and we will cling to it - even if we have to cross borders". The murder, rape, torture, violence, burnings, lootings, and forced evictions of Rohingya are continuing. The Burma security forces have a long history of discrimination and systematic human rights abuses against Rohingya. Described by some as an ‘open prison’ (Lewa 2009: 11). The most frequently documented large-scale abuses include: extra-judicial killings;rape and sexual violence; torture; political arrests and detentions; forced relocation;destruction of livelihoods and confiscations of land and resources; home and business arson;forced labour; child labour; human trafficking; use of child soldiers; and the denial offreedom of movement, assembly, association, expression, and religion (Islamic Human RightsCommission 2005 and Petrasek 2000). Authorities have also used Rohingya forced labourand confiscated land to construct ‘model villages’ for Buddhist Rakhine and Burmansintended to separate them from the Rohingya communities that, once abandoned, relegatethem to a literal zone of exception, surviving outside of all social, economic, and politicalinstitutions enjoyed by the dominant groups that confer belonging. Such abuses have created a dire humanitarian crisis, further complicated by the government controlling and restricting access to impacted areas (Human Rights Watch

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