Before the European settlers arrived in America even the Native Americans had their own slaves. Slavery was a very argumentative issue in America and, in fact, was the root cause of both the Haitian revolution and the American Civil War. The importation of slaves to Europe began when the Portuguese Crown gave up its monopoly of the slave trade in Europe leading to private ownership of slaves. This caused the European settlers, especially the Portuguese, to bring more slaves to the Americas directly from Africa. The Spanish were the first to use African slaves in the New World on islands such as Cuba and Hispaniola with the first African slaves arriving in Hispaniola in 1501.
The work force that was supplied firstly with Indentured servants over the Native Americans, which later became the main instrument as to why the African slaves were used a few decades later. The first set of people who habituated the lands of North American when the Europeans arrived was the Native Indians. The Dutch and French established fur-trading colonies, whilst the Spanish and the English created settler colonies. The settlers expected to establish trade ports along the coast, trading fruits, gold and any other matter that could be sent back to Europe. However whilst settled near the natives, they realised that the Indians used
The Atlantic Slave Trade began because the people of Portuguese started to explore the West African coast. Since there was a growth in plantation work on the Caribbean islands, more slaves were needed to work the fields. This brought about the beginning of the Atlantic Slave Trade. At the beginning only, a small amount of slaves were brought over to the Caribbean Islands but as growing supply for more crops grew, more slaves made the voyage. Since the African traders needed more slaves, they decided to create violence by going into small parts of the West Coast of Africa and take whatever people they needed for their slave trade.
Why did British settlers in North America and the West Indies increasingly need to use slave labour between c. 1660 and 1807? Slavery is one of the most emotive issues in human history. Western slavery represented an aspect of the commodification of human beings for reasons of labor that is central to economic activity. From the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries European slavery was focused on the Atlantic world. There, labour was needed and labour was available but in different places.
After the revolt of the blacks started, the freemen of color made alliance with the whites to fight against the blacks, they got full civid rights on April 4, 1792 (Klooster, 99). Up to this point, the revolution in Sant- Domingue had spreaded to the free color of people, the following paragraph demonstrated the expansion of the revolution to the lowest class of people in Saint-Domingue, the
Colonialism According to Bill Ashcroft, Gareth Griffiths and Helen Tiffin in Post-Colonial Studies- The Key Concepts (2000) colonialism is ‘‘the specific form of cultural exploitation that developed with the expansion of Europe over the last 400 years’’ (p. 45). It is the implanting of settlements on a distant territory (p.122). Ania Loomba defines colonialism as the conquest and control of other people’s land and goods (p. 8). The African continent has experienced direct European colonialism from the 1880s. According to A. Adu Boahen ( 2000), the period 1890-1910 represents the conquest of Africa by whites and the period after the World War 1 up to 1935 is called ‘‘high noon’’ (p. 13) of colonialism.
The Africans who were enslaved were generally prisoners of war or captives from slave raids. “As the demand for slaves grew, so did the practice of systematic slave raiding, which increased in scope and efficiency with the introduction of firearms to Africa in the 17th century. By the 18th century, most African slaves were acquired through slave raids, which penetrated farther and farther inland.” Those unlucky enough to be captured in certain invasions were forced to march certain paths, sometimes for a few hundred miles, to markets on the coast to be traded for simple materials in return. From the mid-fifteenth to the late-nineteenth century, European and American slave sellers obtained roughly 12
A forced migration from Africa the transatlantic slave trade carried black people to the Americas. A second forced migration the internal slave trade transported them from the Atlantic coast to the interior of the American South. A third migration this time initiated largely, but not always, by black Americans carried black people from the rural South to the urban North. At the end of the twentieth century and the beginning of the twenty-first, African American life is again being transformed by another migration, this time a global one, as peoples of African descent from all parts of the world enter the United States. The book of Toni Morrison is ultimately a book about choices people make and then live with the responsibility and love of a community and of the survival of human spirit in a inhuman situation.
Trinidad and Tobago is a melting pot of different races, religions, cultures, diversity due to the history of the country whom became independent in 1962 from British rule and became a republic in 1976. Trinidad and Tobago was a slave colony for the Queen of England. Trinidad and Tobago melting pot is soon to over flow if not dealt with in a proper manner and be consume with the world that we live in now with huge amounts of racism shown in some countries towards persons whom have a different colour of skin. This project is a major way to get a understanding of what we are dealing with as a nation with an ageing population. From how Trinidad and Tobago was formed and built on slavery and indentured labourers created the diversity we come to know of now in the Trinidad mainly, then the Chinese came and bought their shops and the laundry mats of business to run.