Robert Lee’s contributions to his nation begin before the Civil War in the Mexican-American War (1846-1848). The war between the U.S and Mexico began with the United State’s annexation of Texas in 1845 and disputes over land. Lee first starts to establish himself in his aid in the Battles of Cerro Gordo, Veracruz, Contreras, Churubusco and Chapultepec. These are valued by his nation and for his service, Lee received brevet promotions to lieutenant colonel and colonel. As a captain on the staff of General Winfield Scott, the battles including the Siege of Veracruz, Cerro Gordo and Contreras became the most crucial.
In the novel “Bless me, Ultima”, Rudolfo Anaya uses the cultural and religious syncretism in the society of New Mexico to display juxtaposition between the Luna and Márez, as well as Catholicism and the Golden Carp, to help Antonio solidify and change his beliefs, displaying the consequences and results of cultural syncretism. Anaya uses the contrast of the Golden Carp and Catholicism
Liberation theology and images that immediately come to mind are those of 1960s-style antiwar, anti- establishment priests like the Berrigan brothers or, more recently, Bishop Samuel Ruiz Garcia and his obvious sympathy with the downtrodden Indians and Zapatista rebels in Chiapas. Liberation theology didn't begin with the Berrigan brothers or Bishop Ruiz. As far back as the l5th and l6th centuries, a remarkable man devoted the greater part of his 92 years on earth to ameliorating the lot of non-Caucasian people who lived in the vast Spanish empire. First known as a protector of Indians, he also became an advocate of black Africans who had been brought over by the Spaniards as slaves. Las Casas was born at Seville in 1474.
In Alejandro Morales’ novel The Rag Doll Plagues, the role that Mexicans play in the dominant European culture is explored through the eyes of a seventeenth century Spanish doctor named Gregorio Revueltas. The king of Spain sends him to Mexico so that he might improve the health conditions there and Gregorio obliges, although he is extremely reluctant to leave the civility of his homeland to live in what he considers a filthy and immoral colony. There, he is confronted with a murderous plague that is attacking the Mexican community and sparing no one. Faced with an impossible task, Gregorio is forced to reconsider everything he thinks he knows about life in Mexico. Gregorio initially regards the citizens in Mexico with contempt that makes it clear he believes himself to be better in all aspects in comparison to them.
Gauman Poma, speech provides a long analogy to her point that perspective can change our understanding of culture. Gauman Poma wrote a letter as an Andean citizen to his Spanish King. A text that included over 800 pages and 400 illustrations, Poma sought to describe life from the perspective of an Andean. He provided insights and knowledge about the life of an Andean citizen in a way his King could understand. Sadly, when Poma sent off his big book of information, his culture had been deemed illiterate in the minds of academia and his stories were lost.
The Mexican American War started in 1846 because of Mexican resentment caused by the 1836 loss of Texas and the American’s desire for Mexico’s more northern territory. “On September 9, 1847 after two years of fighting, the Mexican American war essentially ended when the American Army captured Mexico City after the Battle of Chapultepec”( 6). The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the war. United States leaders then acted morally superior in their negotiations of the treaty 1. During negotiations, United States officials viewed the “forcible incorporations” (1) of almost one half of Mexico’s land as an “event foreordained by providence and Manifest Destiny” (1).
The Cosmic Race is an essay written by Mexican philosopher Jose Vasconcelos to express the future race in the Americas and how the new emergent will occur. The first part of the essay was entitled “Mestiza” discusses the myth of the fall and rise of Atlantis in the American missions he encounters the white race as the worlds invader. Vasconcelos sees the Latin America as the land for developments the land that is open to strangers and not racist towards other cultures.
In order for Zapata to gather “thousands of men; he paid them by imposing taxes on the provincial cities and extorting from the rich” • Madero was assassinated by Victoriano Huerta in February 1913. Zapata “surrounded” Mexico City preventing Huerta to send troops against northern guerillas. Huerta forcedly abandoned the country in 1914. Since Huerta failed, Zapata introduced his Plan of Ayala to Venustiano Carranza and told them that he was not going to rest until he saw that it was put into place. • Carranza gathered all the revolutionary forces in Aguascalientes.
The Devil’s Highway written by Luis Alberto Urrea and Persepolis written by Marjane Satrapi both independently advance and develop the notion of borders in their works. Although the generalized idea of borders is evident in the palpable content of their books; the types of borders themselves, as well as the purpose in writing it, is where their works begin to separate. In the Devil’s Highway, Urrea introduces the idea of an economic border between the United States and Mexico in attempts to draw awareness of the state of being in Mexico, and hopes that through these ideas individuals realize that the mass immigration into the United States is due to those existing economic issues; while Satrapi discusses the idea of cultural borders between
Washington Irving, after the publication of “The Alhambra”, reworked it by including a series of short fictions and essays and titled it as “Spanish Sketch Book”. But the author again re-reworked this version and composed “Author’s Revised Edition” under title “Tales of the Alhambra”. The final version of this work includes verbal sketches, stories and essays. Washington Irving wrote the “Tales of the Alhambra” during his journey made in 1829 starting from Seville to Granada with his friend who was the representative of the Russian Embassy appointed to Spain [2, p. 6]. Staying at the Palace of the Alhambra, Irving was accompanied by the guide whose name was Mateo Ximenes.
He eventually moved to Mexican Texas in 1835 and stayed in Mina where he studied law under D.C. Barrett. Pease was secretary of Mina’s committee of Public Safety, and also was a member of the peace faction until problems arose. Soon after, he joined the Texas Independent movement and fought his first battle at Gonzales. Pease was made the secretary of the Provisional government and co-wrote the new Texas
Cortés and a group of men disobeyed orders to stay in Cuba, and made their way to Mexico. Upon arrival they set up camp in, present day, Veracruz and began to make allies with some of the caciques (native chiefs), who would eventually aid him in the war against the Aztecs. Even though both of these men conquered two different places, they used
At the Convention of 1836, de Zavala was elected vice-president of the ad interim government of the Republic of Texas. After Santa Anna 's capture at the Battle of San Jacinto, de Zavala and Secretary of Treasury Bailey Hardeman were commissioned to accompany Santa Anna to Mexico to negotiate a permanent treaty, but outraged soldiers of the Texas army circumvented this plan and detained Santa Anna for several
Menchaca discussed how the Spanish imposed their way of life on the natives in both Texas and Arizona in order to control a vast territory. Few tribes such as the Apache fought and revisited Spanish influence in their lands. Unfortunately, over the years, they would fall victim to American colonization of the