Milgram's Experiment On Obedience And Conformity To Authority

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People from an early age naturally tend to be guided by other people. First, they wished to please their parents and then their teachers at school. Even as adults, they have to Obey and conform to the authority of laws, police even their employer in the office, etc. Sometimes due to their anxiety to complete their work, consciously or unconsciously, tend to achieve their purpose using unethical ways, because the authority pressured them to. (Prentice, 2004)This phenomenon occupied the scientific community enough. Due to this, many different studies conducted, on obedience and conformity to authority. During the 1960s and 70’ two of the most important experiment, related on these studies, carried out. Stanley Milgram’s experiment on obedience, on Yale University at a laboratory (Milgram, 1963) and Philip Zimbardo’s prison experiment on authority which placed in Stanford’s University basement (Harvey, Banks, Zimbardo, 2017).Both Milgram (1963) and Zimbardo’s (1973) experiments concerning how conformity and authority influence people’s behavior. But In fact, In Milgram’s (1963) case experimenters had to use unethical methods and guide the participants to do the same, because it was necessary for the experiment’s progress. Prospectively in Zimbardos (1973) case participants presented an unethical behavior, due to the unexpected circumstances (Prentice,2004). When we have to do with ethical issues combined with experiments there 's not a specific view about the moral. It

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