According to the U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 80% of the careers in the United Sates Armed Forces are non-combat, which only leaves 20% of the careers in the Armed Forces to fulfill combat affiliated roles. With roughly 2.6 million people in the United States military, that leaves approximately 520,000 people in combat-affiliated roles (Henderson & Dolphin, 2007). The five branches of the United States Military are Air Force, Army, Coast Guard, Navy, and Marines. Each branch of the military has specific jobs, specialties, and responsibilities that work in conjunction with each other to ensure the safety of the United States of America. Different careers within each branch of the military serve a tremendous purpose, but places an enormous …show more content…
Suicide is an ongoing problem in the United States Military, as it is the leading cause of death among military personnel over the past decade and a half (Bryan, McNaughton-Cassill, & Osman, 2013). Suicidal rates of some careers in the Armed Forces has negatively skewed many of the perceptions of the military and war in college students. Skewed perceptions often times influences the propensity and motivators for college students to enlist in the United States Armed Forces.
Motivators to Enlist While various attitudes towards war can adversely impact motivators to enlist in the Armed Forces, motivators to join can potentially outweigh the negative attitudes towards war. Individuals who expressed a high propensity to serve had an enlistment rate 24% higher compared to individuals who expressed a negative enlistment intention (Woodruff, Kelty, & Segal, 2006). …show more content…
Being deployed does not mean that one will be in a combat zone, deployment is being sent to fulfill a duty assignment. It is hypothesized that preconceptions of war are the main factors in college students determining their enlistment choice in the Armed Forces. Stevenson, Roscoe, and Kennedy (1988) concluded that the three dominant sources of information pertaining to war are teachers, books and newspapers, and television. These sources, especially television, can portray deceiving messages about war and the military. Television messages can be deceiving because it will only show certain aspects of war, and what the media believes is the most interesting to viewers. Franke (2001), found that 92% of senior cadets at West Point Academy view war as the military’s main purpose. Socioeconomic Status is a minor factor in determining one’s attitudes towards the war. The higher the socioeconomic status of an individual the more supportive one is of international interventionism (e.g. war) (Leal, 2005). Race is another factor that has a small impact on an individual’s attitude towards war. African-American Cadets along with other minority groups, are less supportive of war than Caucasians (Ender, Rohall, & Matthews, 2015). Furthermore, the study found that 51% of African-American civilians sampled support war, compared to
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The history and self-identity of the United States Marine Corps are based on operations in foreign environments. Since 1898, the United States military has been intervening in abroad. However, some of the US military interventions in other countries have been criticized, which include the Vietnam War. The Vietnam conflict is seen absolutely to have no sense politically, militarily, or economically, because “when a nation goes to war, it must have reasonable confidence in the justice and imperative of its cause” (page 34). Therefore, the dispatching of the underage recruits to that war was to subdue them unduly to adversary-induced psychosomatic disorders.
Many soldiers are not re-enlisting or are deserting before their nine-month re-enlistment has ended. General Washington, desperate to keep an army together to fight the war against Britain has asked us soldiers look into our hearts and ask ourselves the following question: Will you quit? To quit would be to not re-enlist. I have decided to not re-enlist for three reasons which are high chances of illness, horrible lodging and weather, and sparse food and clothing.
Furthermore, Jeffries states that service members fought to avoid shame as well as to support their fellow troops. Additionally, many of the troops fighting were relatively unconcerned with Roosevelt’s plans for America. “Only 13 percent could name three of the ‘Four Freedoms’ that FDR had declared as the nation’s war aims- freedom of speech and religion, freedom from want and dear- while one third could name none. Studies indicated that just one in twenty GIs fought for such a clear idealistic reasons as the threat to democracy,” (Jefferies, 172). These soldier’s opinions of the war were far different from the “proud” American citizens who were willing to give up a great deal to win the
Critical Review Military Fraud: The Myth of Automatic Virtue The short story by Steve Gillman was written on the bases of his personal beliefs on the praises military received from just by joining. He starts the essay with a short paragraph saying “It is about cultural mythology that has been created in the United States, which makes all soldiers into “heroes” (Gillman 679). The most important part of this quote was that by reading it the readers would understood that he was clearly against that all soldiers where no heroes.
Not only did the downgraded military not solve the situation in Vietnam, but now there is a situation on the homefront where the freedoms of young men are questioned by society. Not only did the people have a distrust in the government, but they started to question their own futures. There has become a strange feeling among young college students in the time period that education has become unimportant and even irrelevant (Ward 1). If the military draft
Some parents were protective of their children and forbade them from getting involved. Other parents believed that their children becoming involved with the war was a brave and honorable thing to do. This shows that violence is deep in the roots of America. In fact, it is praised, given the right cause. If you are doing something for your country, you are justified in killing.
When they enter the civilian world, they are heading into an entirely new, uncharted phase of life with both challenges and opportunities to navigate.” (web) In order to understand the struggle and changes in society for veterans, they need someone who can understand them and utilize trades developed through the military in which can be offered to civilian employment agencies. The inability to successfully obtain this help and guidance is inevitably discouraging to veterans. Many exit the military and miss the camaraderie and sense of continuous operations.
In the short story “On the Rainy River” by Tim O’Brien, the main character Tim O’Brien gets a letter notifying him that he has been selected for the draft; he is affected by this emotionally, physically, and he faces a moral dilemma because this war goes against what he believes in. Immediately upon receiving the letter O’Brien thinks, “I was too good for this war. Too smart, too compassionate, too everything. It couldn’t happen. I was above it” (1003).
In addition to sheer unfairness of the draft there were other problems associated with the system such as the bias that was seen within the local draft boards. During the Vietnam war there were over 4,050 local draft boards that consisted of privileged white men who were responsible for the selection and the deferment process of men who had been called to military service. Members of the boards were appointed by the president and they served a term of five years without being paid. Although the process of selecting men for the draft boards was highly official, when good volunteers were appointed and finished their term they were often persuaded by the Selective Service headquarters to remain on the board. Therefor many men who were on the boards were older and bias.
In 2013 the number of student veterans doubled, and has since been growing at a rate of 20% per year. The flood of veterans seeking higher education has left many schools playing catch up in order to understand their growing demographic. In 2009, Penn State published a video on their website entitled “The Worrisome Veteran”. The short video was meant as a training guide to show teachers how to manage student veterans. The video depicts student veterans as intimidating, dangerous, entitled and unintelligent.
This finding also show that there is a need to make more efforts in making military skills in line with civilian vocations. In a poll conducted in 2010 by the Society of Human Resources Management found that 60% of employers felt that veterans often had difficulty translating military experiences into civilian job experiences (Faurer, Rogers-Brodersen, & Bailie, 2014). In contrast, the literature review also found that there is a perceived notion of discrimination from some employers, who did not show complete trust in hiring veterans for reasons such as PTSD. A study by The George W. Bush Institute in Dallas, Texas (XXXX), on issues affecting veterans who have served since 9/11 confirms this issue. They found that employers sometimes cite
Throughout history, countries are inevitably pulled into conflicts that result in war. These conflicts usually occur because of interests in: economic gain, territorial gain, religion, and nationalism. America, like every country, needs a military to defend itself, especially when tensions arise in other parts of the world and when militia numbers start to decrease. This then allows the government to draft its population to serve in the military. People argue that young men and women’s bright lives are often cut short, and not allowed their Constitutional right to “Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness”, but there are many benefits for the nation and the individual by serving one’s country.
In the essay “A New Moral Compact,” David W. Barno formally uses effective rhetorical techniques to successfully argue that a draft lottery system is essential for the United States’ involvement in armed foreign conflict to subside. The first way Barno creates an effective argument is by his technique of consistently using the literary device of comparison to identify the similar, yet different, nature of the participation in the Afghan and Iraqi conflicts to the Vietnam War. Within the first sentence of the essay, Barno informs the reader of the United States entering “its second decade of armed conflict,” which translates into eleven years of continuous strife that the nation has endured throughout Afghanistan and Iraq (15). This specific information is significant as the author later uses it for an effective comparison with the ten-year Vietnam War.
In most cases, people often do better in situations that they want to be in. By demanding men to go to war when they rather be somewhere else, they are not going to do their very best. If you have 60% of men who do not want to be there and only 40% of men who want to be there, your army force will not do as well if you had 100% of men wanting to be there. According to the University of Warwick, they proved that people who are happy work harder than people who are unhappy, in their study they said, “They found happiness made people around 12% more productive, while unhappy workers proved 10% less productive.” This statistic shows that forcing people to enlist will not make their army force better and stronger, in fact it does the exact opposite.