World war one affected technology through a couple of things, the most important being weapons. Weapons played a huge role during the war, and in deciding which side would win. World war one affected technology in a few different ways. One of them being guns. They were much bigger than what they were used to, such as a machine gun. Since this new weapon could shoot very rapidly (600 rounds per minute) one of the sides fighting in the war could easily wipe out a whole line of an army in one shot. This gave the side with the new technology a huge advantage in winning, this most likely determined which of the sides would win the war. Which meant that soldiers could no longer stand in a line and shoot at each other.
Gas warfare was first introduced in World War I and continued to be used throughout World War II. It was most commonly used in the front lines, and was feared by many. Gas warfare was a very effective war tactic. The effects of gases were unbearable, which is what caused them to be so heavily feared. Luckily, by the time that World War II came about protective masks called, gas masks had been invented. This resulted in a decrease of use in World War II compared to World War I, however it did not totally destroy the effort (“Poison Gas and World War Two”).
World War I the battle between two powers known as the Allied Powers and the Central Powers. The Allied powers were made up of France, Japan, Russia, United States Serbia, Italy, Romania, Portugal, Britain and Greece. While the Central forces were Germany, Austro – Hungarian Empire, Ottoman Turkey, and Bulgaria. These countries, in their own way, played major parts in the war. Not only was it the First World War but it was a first for many things like Chemical Warfare, and the first time that the U.S. Army was exposed to Chemical Warfare. During my research I discovered that a topic of World War I is such a broad topic I narrowed down the research to the battle of Ypres, a city in Belgium, which I will discuss later on. Discussion will focus on a declaration that was signed in 1899 that explains use of projectiles and chemicals, about one of the first place that chemical gasses were used during the war, and identify some of the types of gasses used and the effects it had on the troops down in the trenches on that particular day.
The French were the first to use gas during the war. In August 1914, the French used grenades filled with tear gas to attack the Germans. In 1915, the Germans began to use chlorine. The first gas considered lethal. Mustard gas became a significant source of dread for soldiers as simple exposure to it could burn flesh and could also cause massive blisters.
In World War II the technological advancements in weapons have affected wars today. “American mustard gas experiments took place within a transnational program of Allied government human experimentation. During World War II, Britain, Australia, Canada, and the United States conducted mustard gas experiments on their own soldiers in order to prepare for the possibility of chemical warfare. Indeed, mustard gas exposure caused a wide range of pain and humiliation for the soldiers in these tests, and for some young men, the experiments were a form of torture. Some soldiers experienced immediate and severe eye injuries and damage to lungs.
The Canadian Corps, a 100,000 strong fighting formation, was ordered to the Passchendaele front, east of Ypres, in mid-October 1917. Horrible Conditions Launched on 31 July 1917, the British offensive in Flanders had aimed to drive the Germans away from the essential Channel Ports and to eliminate U-Boat bases on the coast. But unceasing rain and shellfire reduced the battlefield to a vast bog of bodies, water-filled shell craters, and mud in which the attack ground to a halt. After months of fighting, Passchendaele ridge was still stubbornly held by German troops. Sir Douglas Haig, the commander-in-chief of the British Expeditionary Force, ordered the Canadians to deliver victory.
This was the first ever battle where gas was introduced. It was brought by the Germans and swept the French trenches (Christie, 9). The French retreated and the Canadians had to hold down the trenches. Germans attacked when the gas cleared and the position was held by The Royal Highlanders from Montréal. Because of Canada’s selfishness, they helped win this battle.
The first major invention was the Hypo gas mask or the British Smoke hood by Dr. Cluny Macpherson in 1915. It was made from a German soldier’s helmet, to which a canvas hood, eyepieces and a breathing tube was added. Chemicals such as glycerine and sodium thiosulphate were put on the mask that would absorb the chlorine, preventing the soldiers from inhaling it. It was adopted by the British army in 1915 after certain improvements. In the battle of Ypres, the most unconventional and cruel weapon was used, chlorine gas.
They felt vulnerable to everyone. France is right next to Germany, and refuse to let them have any military forces at the border. (Doc A) Germany is even more defenseless and they have to obey by what France tells them. Since
In the autumn of 1918, the virus entered the United States through a variety of sources according to different theories. Many feared a German drug company had laced Aspirin, one of the most commonly used drugs, with this virus. The need for medications like Aspirin to supply soldiers and families during wartime led credence to this theory because of how quickly it spread. Another idea stated that German U-Boats entered the Boston Harbor at night and broke vials of the disease throughout the city. Because of Americans conflict with the Germans in World War I, the American people feared the use of chemical warfare as a weapon of mass destruction.
When this agent has been unleashed into a highly populated area with personnel it can lead to major chaos trophic event with many casualties and injured personnel. Past history events have supported the fact that the use of sarin is a highly toxic agent to unleash into society CBRN Agent background “GB is a first generation nerve agent that was identified in 1938 as a potential chemical agent
This new technology cause more powerful weapons to occur. These new weapons caused the number of casualties to increase drastically. New weapons such as machine guns, tanks, flame throwers, grenade launchers, airplanes, submarines and U-boats were invented. Also chemical warfare was first introduced. Around ⅓ of all the casualties in world war 1 were a result of these poisonous gases.
The United States, Britain and Canada were not short of any weaponry and had more troops, vehicles and ships than the opposing forces which proves why it was the biggest seaborne invasion force to ever be constructed. This also made it easier for our troops to cover the German terrain, therefore making it another important factor that lead our men to victory. The success of Operation Fortitude also allowed for the deception of the German army and ultimately made the opposing troops set up military fronts in places the Allied forces would not end up attacking. This devious yet well-planned distraction, lead the Germans to focus on the area of Pas-de-Calais which kept some of their strongest forces away from the beaches of Normandy and the Allied troops until the month of July. The fact that the Allied forces were also able to get ahold of German information and decode certain plans, also added to our benefit during the battle.
Hours later, France makes its own declaration of war against Germany readying its troops to move into the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine (Truman 1). There was some confrontation between the different countries so they began getting their forces ready. Also, on August 3rd, the first wave of German troops assembled on the frontier of neutral Belgium, which in accordance with the Schlieffen plan would be crossed by German armies on their way to invade France. (History 1). The German invasion of Belgium was a military campaign that began on August 4, 1914.