Confidentiality in research refers to the ability of the researchers to protect the identities and information provided by participants involved in the study. Research conducted on racial disparities has potential implications for participants to be subjected to unintentional biases that could impact policy and decisions. Longitudinal research also poses a concern for reliability. Research by Morgan (2013) used a discrete-time hazard model to observe if kindergarten students were experiencing disparities in diagnosis and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) through eighth
There is now strong evidence to support the use of cognitive-behavioral therapy, coping cat, as a first – line treatment for children and adolescence with anxiety. Articles and researches showed that anxiety disorders are one of the most common mental illness disorders in children and adolescents, but they often go untreated and undetected. Identification and effective intervention of childhood anxiety disorders can decrease the negative effect of these disorders on academic achievements and social relation and functioning in youth and their persistence into adulthood (Connolly & Nanayakkara, 2009). Multi studies focused on evidence-based treatment interventions for childhood anxiety disorders, and on the effect of applied intervention like coping cat program on anxiety level in childhood anxiety disorders (Lenz, 2016; Podell et al., 2010). Although the literature covered a wide variety of such issues, this review will focus on major issue which showed in different themes throughout the literature reviewed.
This would help inform decision making clinically. Nevertheless, the journals or article must have a realistic research question (s) and objectives that would determine the appropriate research design. The study is a randomised control trial (RCT) quantitative study conducted by Rose et al. (2005) with the sole aim of determining the effectiveness of topical chloramphenicol for children presenting with acute infective conjunctivitis in a primary care sector, United Kingdom (UK). Bowling (2009) defines RCT as an experimental method for the evaluation of the effectiveness of health services and interventions in relation to specific conditions.
Annotated Bibliography The projected study attempts to design a research that would examine the competence of mindfulness therapy. The design would evaluate the progress of the selected individuals who are receiving mindfulness therapy in comparison to those receiving another kind of therapy over a given period of time. The following articles will discuss about the effects of mindfulness therapy to different kinds of patients. Fjorback, L.O., Arendt, M, Ornobol, E., Walach, H., Rehfeld, E., Schroder, A., & Fink, P. (2012). Mindfulness therapy for somatization disorder and functional somatic syndromes – Randomized trial with one-year follow-up.
Measurement of self-reported pain intensity in children and adolescents Summary: In "measurement of self-reported pain intensity in children and adolescents"; the authors describe the different methods used to assess pediatric pain intensity and review the commonly used, self reported measurements of pain. The authors compiled the results of several systemic reviews to determine which pain assessment technique would deem most appropriate and accurate. The author recognizes that accurate pain assessment using reliable measures is of great importance in the healthcare of a child- since pain can be indicative of further complications, and children may be alleviated of pain to avoid discomfort. Whichever the case may be, it is considered important to determine the intensity and source of the pain so the health care team can be knowledgeable of the patients’ condition so the best possible health outcomes and comfort measures may be achieved.
Depression screening in adolescents in the united states: A national study of ambulatory office-based practice. Academic Pediatrics, 14(2), 186-191. 10.1016/j.acap.2013.11.006 This was a cross-sectional study that reviewed surveys gathered from outpatient family and pediatric practices. The adolescents surveyed were random and did not have a current diagnosis of depression at the time of the survey. The researchers wanted to obtain information on the frequency of screening in undiagnosed individuals.
Lohbeck, A., Nitkowski, D., & Petermann, F. (2016). A control-value theory approach: Relationships between academic self-concept, interest, and test anxiety in elementary school children. Child & Youth Care Forum, 45(6), 887-904. doi: 10.1007/s10566-016-9362-1 Introduction Pekrun emphasises the importance of self concept to academic emotion and does this through the control value model Positive= adaptive action- enjoyment Negative= maladaptive- anxiety Self concept- interest- academic emotion This study focuses on the relationship between SC and AE (More specifically negative emotion) rather than the achievement aspect of it. This is a high topic of interest as anxiety can disinhibit performance therefore if the topic can be understood,
This act has negative or positive results that the teenager perceived. Some mode of adaptation focuses on promotes the ability of human adaptive systems to adjust effectively to changes in the environment and also to create changes in the environment. So it will help to find out the effects of teenage pregnancy on mother and baby and help to prevent the teenage pregnancy. In Roy Adaptation Model guided research participants may be individuals or groups who are well or ill. Qualitative and quantitative approaches of research will be appropriate for the study. Data may be gathered in any health care setting in which human adaptive systems are found.
1.0 INTRODUCTION Cognitive Behaviour Therapy has its origins in the Mid1950s, with the work of Albert Ellis, a clinical psychologist (Froggat, 2009). Ellis was trained in psychoanalysis, he observed that his clients got better when they changed their ways of thinking about themselves, their problems, and with the world. Ellis reasoned that therapy would progress faster if the focus was directly on the client’s beliefs, and developed a method now known as Rational Emotive Behaviour therapy (REBT) (Froggat, 2009). In 1960s Aaron Beck previously trained psychoanalyst developed cognitive therapy approach (Froggat, 2009). Aaron Beck observed impact of parents’ belief systems on the psychological functioning, the effects of maladaptive thinking
The theory of psychosexual development was presented by one of the most prominent psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud and characterized how personality develops during the course of childhood. Whilst this theory is widely known in psychology, still, it is one of the most controversial. Freud believed that the individual develops via a series of childhood stages throughout which the energy of pleasure-seeking of the id is focused on certain erogenous areas. According to Freud, if all these stages are completed successfully, a healthy individual is a result. However, if the person will remain “stuck” on a certain stage, problems in future life may occur.
They had two groups of children; one group had ADHD (n=45) the other did not (n=30) and they compared IQ scores. The research was proven to be significant (p<0.01) that there was not much difference between the IQ scores of the groups (Ahmadi et al., 2014). Another article goes in depth to explain ADHD in children, adolescents, and adults. It explains the criteria in DSM-5 and changes made and the treatments for clinical practice. It states that clinical diagnosis is best to determine what subtype is present and what medication is best.
A repeated measure ANOVA will be used for data analysis on this study. Through the repeated measure ANOVA the P-value is looked at to determine significance of effectiveness on the social behavior symptoms of the autistic child. Although the p-value is a very important indicator of significance,
The proposed research is designed to create a questionnaire for researchers and practitioners to use to assess an Adoptee’s experience of oppression resulting from their adoption status. This questionnaire is derived from the current research on Adoption Microaggression themes found in earlier research conducted by Baden (2015); Garber and Grotevant (2015); Garber (2014); and Harrington et al (2010). This study attempts to confirm earlier research on the themes of adolescent adoptee’s experiences and if any of these themes continue on into the adult adoptee’s experience. Specifically using Sue et al’s (2007) microaggression framework this questionnaire can be used to understand the adult adoptee’s experiences or perceptions of oppression that
These EEG examinations were taken using a Harmonie DVN V5.1. EEG examinations were also given to children after their initial seizure. Children who had another seizure were advised to take anti-epileptic drugs. EEG scans were implemented in the control group at the start of the study and before anti- epileptic drugs were administered . Statistical Analysis The Chi-square test was implemented in order to calculate the differences in the allotment of the treatment and control groups.
Research In the case of Jessica, Cognitive Based Therapy (CBT), an exploration of relationship and feelings based therapy with a focus on outcomes should be applied. “Cognitive-behavioral therapies (CBTs) have been shown to be efficacious for the treatment of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents” (www.childpsych.com). According to research to examine Cognitive Based Therapy for anxiety in young children, “studies provide the empirical support necessary to make CBT the only psychological treatment identified to date as an evidence-based treatment” (www.effectivechildtherapy.org). CBT as form of treatment is useful as it can be administered through different design formats and settings best meeting the individuals need.