To begin, the personal characteristics of Blanche and Stanley were used to represent how society was changing into a new world. In the story, Blanche was used to represent the Old South, while Stanley in the story represented the American Dream. Blanche embodies the image and the ideals of the Old South. Stanley, on the other hand, is employed as a factory worker and is steadily contributing to the demise of the southern lifestyle that Blanche represents. Blanche’s representation of the Old South included being in favor of the old American values, refinement, manners, and the high culture of the Old South.
They also challenged the inappropriate interpretation of freedom based on Social Darwinism and Liberty of Contract. An emerging labor organization in the 1880s was the Knights of Labor which became the largest labor organization in the nineteenth century. Labor unions were progressively getting successful in asserting their political influence and this became apparent in the New York mayor election of 1886 where the labor’s candidate, Henry Ford, garnered enough votes to defeat, Theodore Roosevelt, the republican and only lost to the democrat candidate. Labor union demands for reform paved the way for progressive principles like direct democracy and effective
The American Civil War, the culmination of the growing tensions between the proslavery and the antislavery, occurred from 1861 to 1865. In his book, Abraham Lincoln and the Second American Revolution, James M. McPherson considered the civil war as the Second American Revolution. In this, revolution can be defined as the overthrowing of a governing system for a new and better one. McPherson also noted that Charles A. Beard, an influential American historian, argued that the overthrow of slavery was an economic and a capitalist revolution because the war happened as because of a class conflict between Yankee capitalist and southern planter aristocracy.
Napoleon’s Imperial Decree at Madrid stated that “from the publication of the present decree, feudal rights are abolished...all feudal monopolies of ovens, mills, and inns are suppressed” (Document 8). By abolishing feudalism, Napoleon promoted liberty and freed people from their duties to their lords. Individuals no longer had to conform to their social status and were able to pursue their own success by having access to previously exclusive resources. Napoleon believed that the privileges of the upper class should be abolished (Pagano “Napoleon Domestic Program Good”). He created the Code Napoleon, which guaranteed equality under the law, regulation of the economy, absolute security of wealth and private property, and the end of feudalism (Pagano “Napoleon Domestic Program Good”).
The book was written about the Russian Revolution and how socialism and making everyone equal doesn 't work. The novel illustrates how classes that are initially unified in the face of a common enemy, "Four legs good, two legs bad,"
Gilded Age, dating from the 1870s to 1900s, was an era, marked by an apparent freedom from slavery, economic success, and capitalism. It was called gilded Age for the same reason that it was only lined with gold. The age, in reality, was corrupt. Emma Goldman rightly unleashed the lack of freedom as she stated that the democracy that her people are subjected to is only enslavement in new forms. The workers are slaves who are exploited and so are the military men fighting wars for their country (qtd.
The Grinch Who Stole Christmas is a poem by Theodor Geisel otherwise known as Dr. Seuss. This children story, would best be criticized by the Marxism Theory. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels are German philosophers also referred to as the founders of Marxism; the main principles of Marxism is the social and economical equality. Due to the industrial revolution and spreading of capitalism their theories and ideas were made to achieve a society in which the class structure would be put to an end and all people were considered equal. Their beliefs and ideas also reveal that there will always be conflict with the upper, middle and lower classes and which may be reflected in literature and other forms of expression.
The ascension of Theodore Roosevelt to the presidency marked a dramatic turning point in bringing meaningful reform in America because he was the first ever president to lead hands on and believed that the government should serve as an agent of reform for the people. Roosevelt abandoned his Republican counterparts’ ideals of a ‘laissez-faire’ economy and turned to helping the American people through welfare programs and minimum wage laws. Above all, Theodore Roosevelt served as a voice for the masses and implemented what they had long desired. Around 1902, exposing the evils of industries, politicians and the rich and famous was a very hot industry. Authors such as Lincoln Stephens revealed the corrupt alliance between big business and urban
Question- Role of memory and past in Chekhov’s The Cherry Orchard “The Cherry Orchard” by Anton Chekhov is a Russian novel. During Chekhov 's childhood, a wave of reforms was underway to liberalize Russia and the economy of the country. one very important reform was probably the Emancipation Declaration of 1861, which freed the serfs from slavery. This major event undermined the position and status of the nobility, and perhaps even impoverished them. The plot in The Cherry Orchard, of an affluent landowning aristocratic family which was compelled to their estate in order to pay off their debts, was therefore a known one in the dispose of society of Chekhov 's time.
War communism had a devastating impact on the peasants and proletariat in Russian society between 1918 and 1928. However, the New Economic Policy that followed the Civil War effects was opposite, raising living standards and reinstating support for the Bolshevik party. Vladimir “Lenin” Ulyanov, known as the head of the notorious Bolshevik party, introduced War Communism (1918-1921) and the NEP (1921-1928). As Martin McCauley states “If War Communism was a leap into socialism then the New Economic Policy was a leap out of socialism” The aims of War Communism and the NEP were both successful in a large number of areas, however, the effects of both policies were not all favourable. Most of the population disagreed with both of the policies, however, the benefits and the positive effects outweighed for many.
Peter the Great came barreling through Russia as tsar from 1721 to 1725, bringing with him a slew of economic, social, and political reforms that are argued to have made Russia a great nation once again. Prior to his reign, Russia had endured many difficulties, from Ivan the Terrible’s chaotic reign to the great Raskol to the time of troubles. Peter the Great is credited with prompting Russia to rise once again as a great nation through great institutional reforms, particularly surrounding military-based industrialization. Despite how highly regarded Peter the Great is in Russian society, historians like Marc Raeff argue that Peter the Great’s reign “was to tear Russian society apart, leaving behind a legacy of uncertainty and insecurity that
Therefore, his paranoia was important in generating more rapid change than anyone had thought possible. As an individual, Khrushchev managed to reverse the social changes of Stalin that had repressed Russia. Oxley’s convincing argument that de-Stalinization would enable Russia to “set a new course” to reform “industry and agriculture” shows how Khrushchev created a backlash against Stalin to ease the repression that was stunting Russia, both nationally and internationally. Khrushchev’s secret speech enabled him to distance himself from Stalin’s terror and drive reform. Khrushchev was pushed to this by his political opposition Malenkov, therefore opposition is a more important factor than the individual in de-Stalinization.
After the elections of 1860s the Whigs party was left behind, and a new party was created to make a positive impact for the future. Abraham Lincoln became the first Republican president, and also he was one the best presidents the United States ever had. Since then, the United States has been ran by the sectional parties. Even thought it was not the first political party, the Republican Party was created to make a change, the Republican Party let humans be treated like humans. The Republican Party beat the Democrats and Whigs in making a movement against slavery, in my opinion is because is something that they were scared of, however the new sectional party helped them win the election of 1860, and then abolished slavery.
This action infuriated the American public and the US government. The United States would break its isolationism and enter the war. America’s entry in the war, even though late, 1917 assured victory for the British and French against the Germans. At the end of the war, the United States was quick to leave behind its European commitments regardless of President Woodrow Wilson’s effort’s to have the US more engaged in world affairs through the League of Nations. Again, the Russian revolution intervene because of the wretched condition for peasants and workers in that nation.
The working class had voted Liberal since enfranchisement, but the formation of Labour caused competition for the votes of the poor as they were founded by Trade Unions, workers and socialist organisations: seemingly a far more relevant party for the working class. This was important as across the country Liberal safe seats became under threat, and they had to fight to retain the working class vote- which meant finally acting for the benefit of the poor. However, in 1903 a secret pact was made between Liberal Chief Whip Herbert Gladstone and the secretary of the Labour Representation Committee, Ramsay MacDonald which agreed that Labour and Liberal MPs would not stand against each other for fear of splitting the vote and instead a Conservative MP getting in. This suggests that the Liberals did not so much see Labour as a threat but a party that could be worked with to oppose the Tories, and therefore did not implement policy so as to win working class votes. A further political motivation was municipal socialism.