The text that this essay is based on is “The Cherry Orchard” by Anton Chekhov. It is a play from 1903 about a group of former serfs, a family of Russian aristocrats and their financial downfall after the emancipation declaration. It follows the interactions between those that used to be owners and those who used to be owned as they attempt to save the family from bankruptcy and save their cherry orchard. The play was initially meant to be a comedy but the majority of its performances are viewed as tragedies, which brings me to the focus of this essay, which is to identify the aspects of the play that made Chekhov consider it a comedy. To do this I’m going to look at the literary and contextual factors that, combined, could lead me to Chekhov’s
`How does Chekhov attempt to develop the play as a tragedy in spite of having comic characters and dialogues? The play “The Cherry Orchard” by Anton Chekhov most of the time viewed as a tragedy, although Chekhov himself stated that it was meant as a comedy. The play was written during Chekhov’s last years, when he was fatally ill. He was continuously thinking of Russia and how it was changing in a negative way. The overtaking of bourgeoisie and inequalities between the rich and the poor affected Chekhov greatly and it caused him to include these points in his play.
Such writers, often depicts the themes of socio-economic conflict by contrasting the living conditions of the poor with those of the upper classes in urban as well as rural society. This realistic movement can too be seen in a philosophical way. In Russia one of the major contributors to realist literature was Fyodor Dostoyevsky whose novel Crime and Punishment illustrates core principles of realism. Crime and Punishment replaced the classy style of Romanticism with fictional realism. Dostoyevsky depicts a world full of segregation and division between social classes.
In years from 1855 to around 1870 he tried to change the Russian backward Russia into powerful European country, which could be compared to the West. THE first crucial reform he tried to implement was abolishing of serfdom. In the second year of his regime he signalized that necessity. He implemented liberal changes in universities, an in legal area. He gave bigger autonomy for Finland and Poland.
The Cherry Orchard play by Anton Chekhov is a mini history lesson about the changing of Russian society at the turn of the 20th century. The abstract concept of freedom within the play is not straightforward, especially for its characters. Indeed, the serfs may have been freed in Russia, but the characters of the play are not truly free. The central symbol, the cherry orchard embodies time, past, present, and future particularly in relationship to its characters. The characters associate the orchard with past memories, and as a consequence, some are connected to the past in such a way that they are unable to move ahead with their lives, where as others move steadfastly ahead and away from the past.
To begin, the personal characteristics of Blanche and Stanley were used to represent how society was changing into a new world. In the story, Blanche was used to represent the Old South, while Stanley in the story represented the American Dream. Blanche embodies the image and the ideals of the Old South. Stanley, on the other hand, is employed as a factory worker and is steadily contributing to the demise of the southern lifestyle that Blanche represents. Blanche’s representation of the Old South included being in favor of the old American values, refinement, manners, and the high culture of the Old South.
Oscar Wilde says “Literature always anticipates life. It does not copy it but moulds it to its purpose” in his work The Decay of Lying (1891). Victorian literature is a literature written in England in the period of Queen Victoria or the Victorian era (1837-1901). It is mainly characterised by the struggle of working people and the conflict of right over wrong. A novelist like Charles Dickens (1812-70) and Elizabeth Gaskell (1810-65) revealed the sufferings of the underprivileged but they particularly focused on the working class.
Malvolio, in turn, collides with the social limits, ‘from his transgression of sumptuary codes to class intermarriage’ (Selden, 1989, 168). Shakespeare is evidently elaborating what could happen if one tried to transgress in society. The audience can establish a connection to Malvolio and his aspirations as they see how the social order paradox works. Shakespeare echoes the asperity of attempting to break the
I will also try to show how the victims of the capitalist system see themselves trapped in an order from which it is very difficult to escape, and find themselves forced to give up and accept their current condition. In order to do so, I will use quotations extracted from Morrison´s work and other secondary resources, and I will focus on the main characters of the novel that stand as representations of their social dimension. Toni Morrison uses the personal lives of the
Other individualists, Mr. Jones, focus on the welfare of themselves, ignoring the needs of others. The Russian Revolution written by Anna M. Cienciala, portrays this idea when it state, “Much of Western Europe viewed Russia as an undeveloped, backwards society. The Russian Empire practice serfdom– a form of feudalism in which peasants were forced to serve the land – owning nobility – well into the nineteenth century” (Cienciala 10). Russia was a corrupt society because serfdom was forced upon them. Since peasants are of lower class they were “forced to serve the land.” People who have “nobility” are given power, creating an unjust society.