The author has included two research questions: whether or not the original intent of the Three Strikes law is understood and whether the law has effectively reduced crime and recidivism rates. The method used in the article is case study whereby the author focuses on the California version of the Three Strikes law. In addition, the article employs a multidisciplinary approach in analyzing the case study including history, political science and sociology. The author found out that the California Three Strikes Law has failed to meet its initial goal of reducing the number of repeat offenders in the prison system. The article also found out that the California Three Strikes Law encourages racial disparity when it comes to sentencing offenders.
In 1988, two years after the Bethel School District v Fraser case, another public school petitioned the United States Supreme Court regarding an action of censorship decided by the school against the school student’s journal. Known as Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier , this case will be analyzed by the US Supreme Court justices, mostly, in reference to the Bethel School District v Fraser case. The precedent of Bethel School District v Fraser case’s ruling has heavily weighted on Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier case in a sense that, once again, the Court has decided to overturn a decision of a Court of Appeals, and pronounced a verdict in favor of the School District. In fine, the United States Supreme Court will rule that a school has a censorship power, which, it could fully and reasonably exercise against the freedom
So what exactly is color-blind casting? In the past many people believed the term “color-blind casting” means casting their characters without their race and ethnicity. Throughout the decades, American theatre has experienced issues regarding the relation between race and gender, and their effect on casting, and the discussion particularly focuses on actors’ skin colors. Nowadays colorblind casting does not truly exist, it is known more as “color-conscious” casting . Through some research I found that in 1997, August Wilson and Robert Burstein had a debate about colorblind casting in New York Town Hall.
Additionally, scientists had been warning New Orleans and the government that climate change would lead to increased storm activity and that the city’s defenses weren’t strong enough for such a storm. However, these warnings were ignored by the government and no preventative measures were taken which has influenced the effects of the storm. The reason for the poor response of the government and their negligence of the warnings is arguable. However, it is positive that the reason for this is that the majority of the people affected were the poor, and mostly colored, citizen of New Orleans. The city is racially and economically segregated and these citizen lived in the lower parts of the city, which go down to 11 feet below sea level.
This shows how the majority of African Americans never have a trial. In the 1930s nine African American boys, otherwise known as the Scottsboro nine, were unjustly accused of a crime they did not commit. One of the reasons why these trials were so unfair was because African Americans could not serve on the jury. The American Constitution Society reaffirms that, “Southern lawmakers soon stopped passing explicitly discriminatory jury service laws but continued empaneling all-white juries during the late 19th ...Centuries.” Strictly speaking, if you were African American you could not be a juror. The “land of the free” has yet to provide a criminal justice system free from
The plaintiff further went to appeal to the nine judge bench of the court of appeals and ended up being rejected again. One last option for the plaintiff was to ask the Supreme Court to weigh in but the 90 day deadline for appealing to the supreme court had
From my point of view, I powerfully advocate that members of minority groups had better maintain their distinct identity, rather than assimilate into common culture. I passionately believe that minority groups have compelling reasons to keep their identity. The United States, which is the roof of nearly 313 million people from the 2012 Census, is considered as a country of immigration and diversity. According to the U.S. Census Bureau in
Lance Freeman, an associate professor of urban planning in Columbia, wanted to investigate if there was any displacement going on in two predominantly black neighborhoods that was briskly gentrifying. Much to his dismay, he couldn’t find any correlation between gentrification and displacement. What was surprising to Freeman was his discovery, “poor residents and those without a college education were actually less likely to move if they resided in gentrifying neighborhoods”. (Sternbergh, 19) Freeman adds, “The discourse on gentrification, has tended to overlook the possibility that some of the neighborhood changes associated with gentrification might be appreciated by the prior residents.” (Sternbergh, 19) Essentially, we can concur that a blighted neighborhood that goes through gentrification doesn’t displace the current residents living there, but in fact makes the residents want to stay. With gentrification the area becomes safer, more businesses open up and the neighborhoods become a welcoming, family friendly place to live.
Chapter 3 Article 3: Racial Bias Among Jurors at Heart of Supreme Court Case How does the Supreme Court work and what is it made up of? These questions asked every day by some who do not have a full understanding of how the United States court system works. According to chapter three of the textbook, Constitutional Law and the Criminal Justice System by J. Scott Harr, Karen M. Hess, Christine Orthmann, and Jonathon Kingsbury the United Sates Supreme Court is the last and final word (Harr, Hess, Orthmann, & Kingsbury, 2015, p. 59). Meaning that if the Supreme Court reaches a ruling it is set in stone and no other judicial or political person or group can overturn the decision (Harr, Hess, Orthmann, & Kingsbury, 2015, p. 59). Nowhere in the article was it stated
One of the keys I found in the Hannah Arendt reading was a passage explaining that the Rights of man was not only unenforceable, but could not distinguish the difference between the general human rights to from the civil rights of citizens. Even though people could see how millions of people suffered from different violations, "no one seems to know which rights they lost when they lost these human rights" (Arendt 34). This passage conveys something important to me as it explained events that happened where the declarations human rights written in the French and American revolutions were not truly successful. When people were forced out of their homes, no one else realized the serious consequences those that were forced to leave faced. While
Why is it that communities like these are the ones that are being affected? Another thing these two have in common are that they are poorly represented and have no influence because this is a very poor community. This leaves them vulnerable to be taken advantage of by the city. The only difference between the two of them is Flint was publicized across the U.S. and it affected more people. Sand Branch on the other hand, may have had less victims but in the 138 years of this communities existence but they have never had running water ever.
The Mississippi Supreme Court has also stated that “dismissal may be inappropriate when neglect is plainly attributable to an attorney rather than a blames client, or when a party’s simple negligence is grounded in confusion or sincere misunderstanding of the court’s orders.” The trial court apparently did accept the city attorney’s representation that the discovery failure was attributable to its office, but there are two important things to note. The City has never offered a more detailed explanation, and it has never offered a more detailed explanation, and it has never offered a basis for even this representation. Instead, it appears to be speculation by the City’s present counsel. Finally, the City contends that the trial court did not have the authority to order a sanction under Rule 37 of the Mississippi Riles of Civil Procedure without first entertaining a motion to compel discovery. The City asserts that it was entitled to an opportunity to cure the discovery failure before sanctions could be awarded.
Although Scott claimed that the flag cost $3.95 and was made in Taiwan, the flag became a barrier to the freedom of expression it was meant to defend. The problem wasn’t that the flag was on the floor, but that it was difficult to write in the ledger without having to step on the flag, which to many, this is viewed as something disrespectful. This art makes many question― is our freedom of speech really worth stepping on the U.S. flag? Andy Warhol’s Race Riot in 1963 shows the events of May 1963 in Birmingham, Alabama in which police commissioner, Bull Connor used attack dogs and fire hoses to eject civil rights demonstrators led by Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. His artwork includes 4 comprising canvases (1 white, 1 blue, and 2 red) with a repeated image of 2 Birmingham policemen setting their attack dogs on alone. This art represents that a way of isolating the images is by using repetition and with it, it deepens our understanding of its meaning and