In the field of organizational behavior psychological wellbeing is a groundbreaking concept in the domain of psychology and is rarely scrutinized. According to Keyes et al., 2002 psychological wellbeing encompasses the impressions of engagement with the pragmatic challenges of life for example “foreseen meaningful goals, growing and establishing quality ties to others”. According to Diener (1997) psychological wellbeing is the reflection of people’s perspective regarding their life. Psychological wellbeing compound also comprises of cognitive and emotional elements. Diener (1997) depicts an individual wellbeing information based appraisal of one’s life of which a person gives evaluative judgments of one’s own satisfaction.
These facets of wellbeing, have been found to have certain predictable consequenceslike self confidence, leadership, active engagement ans sociability. Hence in other words positive affect produce a state that appears to be similar to psychological empowerment. Psychological empowerment includes psychological feelings of competence, energy and the desire to act. It consists of both the actual ability to control one’s environment (external empowerment) and the feeling that one can do so (internal empowerment), which is influenced by psychological wellbeing (Deepa, 2005). Many research shows the wellbeing program has impact on empowerment of an individual, as these programs are enriched with seeks to empower participants through personal transformation that involves harmonising physical, emotional, mental and spiritual aspects of life and applying this to practical, day-to-day life (Austrailia’s National Institute for Aboriginal and Torrestrail Islander Health Research ).
In realizing “positive education” philosophers and researchers have looked into different intricacies of education. Which are internal construction of academic information, relationship between creativity and learning, effectiveness of praise, cooperative learning, and implicit theories of intelligence. Psychopathology model has been advocating remedying weaknesses of individuals to obtain academic achievement. Positive psychology with its strength based model have been looking at what is good in individual and how its deployment can attain wellbeing as well as academic achievement. In advanced countries, the associations and consequences of character strengths in varied domains (life satisfaction, achievement in work and academic settings)
al., 2005). Although there was a positive relationship between racism and psychological distress, these findings were insignificant. Even though these numbers were insignificant, it shows proof that discrimination has a way of affecting individual’s physical and
For these students, it is imperative that educators be aware of the warning signs of mental health difficulties and of the resources they can Call on for consultation and support. Mental health is not only the absence of psychological or behavior problems, but the presence of Wellness or psychological health. For example, self-esteem, self-acceptance, resiliency, and effective coping skills contribute to mental health and good behavior in students. While families provide the primary support for developing children’s mental health, schools play an important role working with students and families. Parents Parents or home play a dominant role in educating a child.
When minorities do worse, there are many factors that go into it. According to Joshua Aronson in his article “The Threat of Stereotype”, one of the reasons that minorities sometimes do worse is because of the stereotype threat. The stereotype threat can be summed up as if you constantly hear you are worse at something, even if it is because the color of your
Happiness increase resilience to negative emotions and increase physical, emotional and intellectual wellbeing (Huppert, Baylis & Keverne, 2005, p. 227). Seligman 's (2002) authentic happiness theory explored notions of happiness in terms of positive emotions, engagement and meaning. According to Seligman these three aspects combine into "full life". Seligman 's three routes to happiness include both hedonic and eudemonic approach that increase wellbeing (Schueller & Seligman, 2010) and provide for greater life satisfaction (Huppert, Baylis & Keverne, 2005, p. 279). Considering that, it is possible to see a connection between Seligman 's authentic happiness theory and Carl Roger 's “self” theory of personality as both explain active attempts to satisfying one 's needs that are consistent with self-concept.
High ego strength forms healthy personalities whilst low ego strength shapes maladaptive personalities. Freud’s theory faced controversy, specifically in the research methods and area of focus. This essay first elaborates Freud’s perception of personality, followed by evaluation of Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality. In the Structural Model, Freud divided human mind into three theoretical constructs: pleasure-seeking id, realistic ego and moralistic superego; each agency has distinct roles, components and principles (Carducci, 2009). Furthermore, agencies operate at different levels of awareness.
Positive emotions significantly affect our psychology in our daily, personal and professional life. Positive thoughts and feelings are invaluable sources of mental power. They help us to focus on our goals and make us more optimistic and more resilient, so that we become more open and receiving. Nowadays it is difficult to experience positive feelings. However with the power of will and practice, the frequency of positive emotions, can be increased ensuring better mental health and greater resistance to the problems of everyday life.
In this chapter, we discuss the studies conducted on well-being of teachers and what are the fators that related with the well being of teachers. The frequency of experience of positive feelings such as happiness, joy and pleasure more than negative and unpleasant feelings describes the well-being of a person. The well-being is a balance between the positive or pleasurable feelings and negative or unpleasant feelings in life (Christopher, 1999). Well-being is related with good interpersonal skills and quality of relationship (Florian, 1998). The teachers who are not enjoying the pleasant working environment and good relationship or interpersonal skills have the negative well-being of the institution and they did not give their full efforts to the institution.