Falik 1 Ayesha Falik B.A. honors English Literature Mrs. Saifia fawad 11 September 2014 0333-4136759 firstname.lastname@example.org Research proposal Title: Nihilist Pessimism in Hemmingway’s Old Man and the Sea Introduction: Ernest Miller Hemingway was one of the most prominent author and journalist. He was one of the most significant American authors of the Twentieth century. His novels and short fictions have left a permanent mark on the literary production of the United States and the world. Although most often remembered for his economical and understated fiction, he was also a noted journalist.
In the post of World War II, Jean-Paul Sartre – philosopher and novelist – became one of the most influential men of the 1900’s. His novel, Being and Nothingness, written in 1943, provides an analysis of his internal views of philosophy, and initially helped in sparking one of the most influential philosophical movements. Within the text, Sartre examines and presents many concepts of existentialism. Those concepts included, but are not limited to, freedom, responsibility, and relationships with others. Possibly the most intense concept that sprouted from his view was that of Bad faith.
He became famous for his novel "The Last Puritan", distributed in 1935. Santayana knew numerous dialects, and had inside and out information of writing and the historical backdrop of theory. His philosophy was impacted by Aristotle, Lucretius, and Spinoza. Santyana 's other essential philosophical works incorporate, "The Sense of Beauty", "The Life of Reason" (1905-06), "Doubt and Animal Faith" (1923) and "The Realms of Being". During his age when reach 48 years, Santayana left his accommodation at Harvard and return to Europe.
Nazim Hikmet And Concept of Humanity in His Works Dr. Zekai Kardas Assistant Professor, Department of Urdu Language and Literature, Istanbul University ABSTRACT One of the most important figures in 20th century Turkish literature and one of the first Turkish poets to use more or less free verse. Hikmet 's works were widely translated both in the East and the West during his lifetime. However, in his home country Hikmet remained a controversial figure due to his social criticism. Spending some 17 years in prisons, Hikmet once called poetry "the bloodiest of the arts. Because of Hikmet’s amazing grasp of the world affairs and his prophetic vision, his works reflect the period in which they were written and what is awaiting for the humanity in the future.
Umberto Eco, a bestselling and renowned Italian novelist, literary critic, philosopher and professor at the University of Bologna, is known internationally for his novel Il nome della rosa, published in 1980. In all his works, this writer always combines semiotic in fiction with biblical analysis, earlier investigations, literary theory, languages and studies on translation. Owing to the wide range of themes and his capacity, he is one of the most brilliant writers able to produce a book which can sound interesting and very approachable with the subtitle "Translation as Negotiation". In Mouse or Rat?, by reason of his own experiences as a translator, editor and also his work with different groups of translators, Eco recollects, shows and explains a series of essays and lectures given in Toronto and Oxford, not only about the obstacles and difficulties related to the issue of translation, but also about its delights and
William Butler Yeats was rewarded with Nobel Prize for Literature in 1923. He was one of the greatest poets during that time. His personal and national experiences were described through his themes, symbols, and images in his poetry. Yeats’ poems were full with Byzantium art, Greek mythology, English literature, European politics and Christianity symbols. He believed that politics and art were naturally related.
Henry James was born 15 April 1843 and died 28 February 1916. James was an American author who was one of the greatest English novelists that ever lived (Powers). He was most regarded for his knowledge in literary realism and literary modernism. Clifford James Geertz was born a decade after henry James in the date of 23 August 1926 and he died 30 October 2006 (“The Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica”). The strong support for and influence on the practice of symbolic anthropology made him the most influential cultural anthropologist in the United States for three decades.
Perspectives of Christianity in the Novels of Graham Greene Pooja Shrivastva APSU university, Rewa (M.P.) Greene was indeed a prolific writer, and perhaps he still continues to be Britain’s ‘main literary export’ to the rest of the English-speaking world. It is really amazing that at a time when a considerable number of writers and other intellectuals of the West were learning towards Marxism on account of the Russian revolution of 1917, Greece embraced Roman Catholicism in 1926 at the age of twenty two. Nevertheless, he is a rebel Christian, and in this connection says: ‘I am a Catholic with an intellectual, if not an emotional belief in Catholic dogma’. He speaks a good deal about sin and salvation, damnation and redemption in his fictional works; he does not paint his characters in mere black or white, for he is of the view that a saint may be an ex-sinner or that a sinner may be a saint in making.
Kasturi Sinha Ray Research Scholar Department of English Faculty of Arts Banaras Hindu University Email: Phone: Play of Memory in(mention the books) Kazuo Ishiguro: A Study of Relevant Works and Criticism The Booker winning British novelist and author of screen plays and short stories, Kazuo Ishiguro is one of the most gifted writers of the twenty-first century who incorporates the Stream-of-consciousness in his works whereinthe various nuances of memory, recollection and forgetting are subsumed. To discuss with regards to (insert name of books)by Ishiguro, how memory weaves the experience of trauma, loss, regret, unrequited love, death and as such is the focus of this paper. With reference to Coleridge’s utter failure in ‘remembering’ the ‘rest’ of Kubla Khan, one may find interesting in itself, the ‘art’ of forgetting. This definitely added an element of incompleteness to his personae which otherwise would have left him at ease. He states, “Yet from the still surviving recollections in his mind, the Author has frequently purposed to finish for himself what had been originally, as it were, given to him.
295. Dr. Basavaraj Naikar, an eminent scholar, a renowned teacher, an internationally reputed creative writer and highly decorated for his enviable accomplishments in richly varied and vast areas in literatures and translations, is a writer of this religio-spiritual novel, a rarely attempted genre, Bird in the Sky. I was scared and dumb-pale when I was asked to write a review of this hagiographical novel but it was after initial hiccups that I agreed. I received a copy of the novel and began to meet the challenge. I read the astonishing biographical details of the Professor-writer of this novel and, then, the brilliantly informative and scholarly