Misinformation Effect Literature Review

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Literature Review: The Misinformation Effect and the Type of Misinformation: Objects and the Temporal Structure of an Episode
Aamisha Kini
Westhill High School
Yuhwa Han. (2017). The Misinformation Effect and the Type of Misinformation: Objects and the Temporal Structure of an Episode. The American Journal of Psychology, 130(4), 467-476. doi:10.5406/amerjpsyc.130.4.0467 In the article, it explains the misinformation effect and suggests that there is a relationship between the effect and temporal misinformation. False memories are more likely to be formed when misleading information is provided. The misinformation effect is defined as the phenomenon where one reports an inaccurate memory of an event after being given misleading information. A significant part of the effect is that participants have to experience the original event, and then these episodic memories are distorted. Episodic memories are “information about temporally dated episodes or events and temporal-spatial relations among these events.” Remembering the correct sequential, temporal order of episodic memories is crucial and tends to be difficult to do. Factors that cause poor temporal order memory are normal aging, certain types of diseases and is especially difficult for older adults and younger children. It is difficult to integrate the what, where, and when in episodic events; people make time split errors and have a hard time remembering details about a singular event in a series of them. Altmann

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