Chapter One - The Abject Julia Kristeva is a Bulgarian-French philosopher, psychoanalyst and feminist writer. Her work on abjection gives an engaging insight into human culture in terms of it’s relationship to larger overarching power structures. In Powers of Horror, Kristeva argues that the oppression of woman in patriarchal societies is constructed through fear of the abject. “The tremendous forcing that consists in subordinating maternal power (whether historical of phantasmic, natural or reproductive. )” (Kristeva, 1982, p.91) The abject refers to the human reaction of revulsion to the threat of breakdown between the subject and object, the self and other.
Warren’s Profession, Shaw argues for a push towards equality for men in women which can be directly be seen within Frank’s role in the piece through the use of hyperbole and analogy to display the unfairness in the time period. Since the beginning of the play, tension has developed between Frank and Mrs. Warren given the fact that Mrs. Warren does not believe that he can provide a quality life for Vivie given his lack of skill paired with the fact that he essentially lives off of the church because of his father. Frank expresses his disdain of Mrs. Warren to Vivie by comparing her to an “old wretch” (Shaw 1812). Frank simply is appalled by not only the type of pioneering woman Mrs. Warren is but also that that she has a job that creates income for her and Vivie to live sustainably. Shaw crafts these nasty words to display how many men felt during the time period of a woman who chose to go out and make a life for herself.
The feminist theory in literature is criticism in the feminist view. It uses feminist ideas to critique literature regardless if the literature itself is based off of expectations that favor men and their perspective, if it portrays women in a bad way due to a systematic sexism, or if the literature crafts female characters as independent women to counteract the way they are usually written in a patriarchal society. In The Driver’s Seat by Muriel Spark, she creates a story that portrays the main character, Lise as an independent woman, who orchestrates her own death. Although the death of a strong female can acts as a criteria of patriarchal influenced novels, Spark counteracts this by making Lise a character who is outspoken and strong minded,
Murder is quite a big deal and would definitely go under as being the bad guy. She also feels superior to everyone so she sticks her nose up to everything and treats others below her because of her family’s former position in the town. But on the other hand, she is the protagonist because one, the town is part of the reason of her killing Homer and always pitying her and saying that she would live alone forever and two, because her dad had raised her that way. Her dad had kept her sheltered way too long and when any guy would try to get with her, he would turn them down because they were not "worthy enough." She is also the major character in the story and there would be no one else to be the protagonist.
The appeal will help convince Ismene because no one wants to be called a traitor because it has a negative connotation. Also no one wants to let down there family. The combination of both of these bad things will create a sense of guilt inside Ismine making her feel persuaded to help out Antigone. Also while trying to persuade Ismene Antigone tries to emphasize the harsh reality to Ismine hoping that she will then change her mind. She does this by quoting Creon when he says, “No one shall bury him.
Therefore, she is punished as a scapegoat of the novel and while Gatsby rises in the eyes of the readers in the end of the novel, Daisy falls. From the feminist point of view, female characters in Fitzgerald fiction are punished because they are stepping outside of their and entering the male sphere. To show their role in the man’s world, they are dehumanised and presented like symbols, which in the end might be interpreted as that they are important as much as men give them importance. The ultimate dehumanization of female characters in Gatsby is seen in their embodiment of the American Dream. Female characters are dehumanized because they are used as of men’s desire, men’s world and men’s Dream.
Aunts also show women’s complicity. They reeducated the handmaids by brainwashing them and punishing them. For instance, Aunt Lydia makes excuse to the men by saying that men by nature are aggressive and cannot control their sexual desire. “Men are sex machines, said Aunt Lydia… It is nature’s way. It’s God’s device.
Coetzee, and every work of the controversial author reveals some point of pain accepted by meek women. ‘Disgrace’ and ’Waiting for the Barbarians’ are two famous novels of J. M. Coetzee which speaks about the hardships of the protagonists during the time of war. It is significant to note that the author has spoken so clearly the issues faced by women in both the novels with the sense of powerlessness that remains within the feminine population. Though many other renowned works of J. M. Coetzee explain the explicit and implicit effects of war and colonialism on women, the
When she says, “unsex me here”, she wants her femininity to be taken away because she thinks that men are more courageous, and she needs bravery to kill Duncan. The language used suggests that her womanhood impedes her from performing acts of violence and cruelty, which she associates with masculinity. Since she represents the “breasts” and “milk” as symbols of woman and nurture. As the play go on, the relationship between masculinity and violence will be shown by Macbeth. In addition, he is not capable of committing murder, but his wife is the one who encourages him to do it, saying that “he needs to be a man”.
When Gerardo returns home in the first act, Paulina questions him regarding the truth commission leading to the revelation Gerardo has accepted a job that deals directly with the assault she faced without asking her beforehand. This conversation sheds light on the strict gender roles within the society. As Gerardo is symbolic of the stereotypical male, he is the breadwinner and dominant figure. The inference made here is that he need not consult his wife whose opinion is largely irrelevant due to her inherent insignificance as a woman, despite the fact that this new job title deals with events that affected her life so incredibly. This depiction of gender roles shows the disparity of power.
Fear is used here to disrupt people from paying attention to how important abortions truly are for woman that are not able to tend for a future child. Since the local physicians have become afraid of what will happen to them if they open up a clinic they have been fully persuaded through the use of fear. Another example of Social Psychology in this article is Normative influence which is when people change their thoughts and do not express how they really feel about a topic or something occurring because they do not want to be the weird person or outcast in the group. In this case it is the local physicians and future physicians that are displaying normative influence. At one point in the article Samantha Avery who is Susan 's protege explains that she did not want to be the future Susan Cahill in flathead because she is not brave enough and could not do that to her future family.
Women in literature were given a negative image because a society ruled by men decided who they should be and they just complied with their standards. By complying with their standards they lost their liberty, and that is why the women who didn’t comply were frowned
The question of whether Bertha and Lady Audley are actually mad is somewhat alluded to in the novels. Braddon’s and Bronte’s novels pose the question of what causes one to be declared insane. Both Lady Audley and Bertha go against society’s expectation of the pure and pious woman. It is because they go against these ideals that they are placed into captivity and deemed as being mad. They cannot be contained within the boundaries of proper femininity for they are wild, lustful, and impious, so are therefore are considered a threat and thus need to be constrained by the repressive patriarchal society
She shows that she knows that hey forbid her from writing, but it is the only way that she knows she will get better. Even though she will well aware that her husband, sister and doctor find it a un- likely cure and are against it. We are also to that the narrator tries to cope with her problems as well. Unlike John, who simply ignores his obstacles, the narrator descends into a sense of imagination to help mentally heal herself. The narrator becomes almost compulsively obsessed with the idea of freeing the women behind the bars of the yellow wallpaper.