The study found that participants born after the One Child Policy went into effect were less trusting, less likely to take risks, less conscientious, less optimistic and less competitive. Psychologist Xin Meng says that the One Child Policy has led parents to not teach their child about being imaginative, trusting and optimistic.
The lower the income a household has, the more stress it faces. Outstanding stress can have long-lasting negative effects on the hippocampus (1.). Hanson found that poor children had less gray matter within the hippocampus (5). Hanson concluded that “higher levels of chronic stress” could result in small hippocampal volumes into adulthood and other “early environment” factors, such as
This can be explained by, “Studies of pregnant women in New York City welfare hotels have shown their babies are twice as likely to weigh less than five pounds at birth when compared to all pregnant women. Low birthweight babies are at greater risk of blindness, deafness, brain damage, and even death”(Hyde 56). Taking this into consideration, homeless children’s academic performance is hindered because of their poor cognitive development and the circumstances of their homelessness, including constant mobility. Math, reading, spelling, and vocabulary tests are the tests that homeless children most often struggle to succeed on and likely result in being held back a year in school(Hart-Shegos 3). This can be seen in Dicey’s Song through Maybeth’s character and the difficulty she has to prosper in school.
According to CDC Health Disparities and Inequalities Report, 2011, there’s a substantial inadequate and unhealthy housing, the lack of access to health care strongly related to poor health outcomes (“Facts Sheet – CDC Health Disparities and Inequalities – U.S., 2011”, 2011). For example, children and elderly of non-Hispanic Whites had higher influenza vaccination coverages between 2009 and 2010 comparing with non-Hispanic Blacks and Hispanics. In comparison between non-Hispanic White women and non-Hispanic Black women, the mortality rate is higher in non-Hispanic Black women, meanwhile, the morbidity rate is lower than non-Hispanic White women. This is due to the delay in diagnosing breast cancer for non-Hispanic Black women. At the same (lowest) education level, infants born to non-Hispanic White women have a lower death rate comparing to non-Hispanic Black women.
Socratic questioning, is a strategy of cognitive restructuring where the utility and validity of negative cognitions are addressed. To reduce avoidance behaviour in complicated grief, exposure therapy (ET) focuses on gradually exposing the bereaved to aspects of the loss (Boelen et al., 2007). Research proposes that avoiding reminders of the loss is a maintaining factor in CG therefore this may be resolved through confronting these reminders in ET which reduces the need to engage in avoidance behaviours (Boelen et al., 2007). This treatment is in contradiction to IPT yet consistent with CGT. Supportive counselling.
This essay provides a review on the peculiar phenomenon of false memory (FM) and its implications in the context of recovered memories. Whilst the precise definition of a false memory is subject to contention in the literature (Pezdek & Lam, 2007), the author defines FM as the memory of an event that was non-veridical, that is, not objectively true (Gleaves; scientist). It is distinct from retrieval failures, omission failures or forgetfulness – the absence of a memory (Gleaves). False memories are diverse in their presentation and implications; some may be innocuous (eg., ) whilst others can bring with them signifigant implications, such as in the context of “recovered memories” – heavily emotional memories that had previously been supprsesed
This resulted that emerging adult may not be as healthy as it was perceived (Fatusi & Hindin, 2010). With that, researchers had also found that majority of the bad health habits, such as inactivity, obesity and poor diet, which started in adolescence stage increased as the young people progress to emerging adult. Therefore, this highlights the importance of having a regular exercise which not only improves physical health but mental as well such as improvement in self-concept, reduction in anxiety and depression (Santrock, 2013). Cognitive development in emerging adult is relatively similar to adolescent’s though Piaget did affirm that emerging adult’s thinking are more quantitatively advanced as they carry a greater wealth of knowledge and especially so for a specific area (Santrock, 2013). For example, Ann advanced quantitatively in her knowledge of audit process through her course of study which took place in her adolescent stage.
But does this mean that doctors are diagnosing patients with ADHD just because they are less mature than some of their peers instead of having a definite behavioral hyperactivity? Clearly the diagnoses of ADHD is up for question. New research has proven that the maturity level of the child does play a role in the child 's performance at school. But that doesn 't mean that the child automatically has ADHD because he or she can 't pay attention as well as someone a year older. Therefore why is there such a raise in
The used the World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview to assess psychological impairment, parental care and other factors that could contribute to difficulties later in life. They found that younger a child was at the time of loss, the more likely they were to develop mental health problems including depression, anxiety, mood and substance abuse issues. The study also revealed that family conditions after the death played a significant role. Children living in single-parent and/or low-income households are more likely to exhibit problem behaviors and depressive symptoms and are less likely to display social competence than are children who grow up in more fortunate circumstances (Moore, et al.,
In the case of Postnatal depression mothers are said to have a more negative affect towards their child, the parents consciousness begins to fade as well as a change in their behaviour. Parents that are seriously affected by this disorder are less likely to interact with their child in a loving way, according to (Leckman et al., 2007: 95) They also seem less prone to interact with the infant in a special way, calling him/her by a nickname, imagining the infant 's future, or idealizing the child.Taking into consideration the lack of affection during postnatal depression there have been many studies that specifically demonstrate the connection between this
Two parallel connected DT systems with impulse responses h1(n) and h2(n) can be replaced by a single equivalent DT system with impulse response, a) h1(n)*h2(n) b) h1(n)+h2(n) c) h1(n)-h2(n) d) h1(n)/h2(n) 11. Sectioned convolution is performed if one of the sequence is very much larger than the othernn in order to overcome, a) Long delay in getting output b) Larger memory space requirement c) Both a and b d) None of the above 12. In overlap save method, the convolution of various sections are performed by, a) Zero padding b) Linear convolution c) Circular convolution d) Both a and b 13. If x(n) is N1 point sequence, if y(n) is N2 point sequence, if rxy (m) is the correlation sequence starts at m=m1, then the value of m corresponding to last sample of rxy (m) is a) b)c)d) 14. For a system, y(n)=nx(n), the inverse system will be, a) y(1/n) b) y(n)/n c) ny(n) d) n-1y(n) 15.
With the opposite being true with lower reimbursement rates (Thomas, Parish, Rose, & Kilany, 2012). Minorities that have the Medicaid medical insurance, now have two things against them. They have a lower percentage of ability to communicate effectively to advocate for their children’s
Additionally, these children had lower perceived self-worth than non-users. While the intentions of banning abortions was for people to live a more “moral” lifestyle, this imposition of morals led to a younger generation of impoverished and homeless children turning into drug users – the unintended
A key contribution of the Black report was the specification of different potential explanations for health inequalities. The importance of reporting is to bring out behavioural factors that can be discussed with as well as the economic and social constraints on lifestyles being recognised with appropriate measures taken. The effect of low income makes it meaningless to consider diet a matter solely of choice. Similarly, smoking can compensate for and make bearable the consequences of material deprivation which can then be properly investigated (WHO, 2007). The Marmot Review 2010 involves the strategies for reducing health inequalities in England in relation to Global Commission on Social Determinants of Health (GCDH) and this report indicated that people who are at the lower level of socio-economic factors such as unemployed, unskilled workers, people that living in overcrowded housing, homeless people and people with limited education might find it difficult to access healthcare needs because they will always need to rely on welfare state benefits and support to survive (Goldberg, et al.
Because of the Affordable Care Act, the percentage of uninsured youths fell from 48% in 2010 to 21% in 2012 and continues to drop to this day. Also, Young adults age 21 or older, who are newly eligible for Medicaid, but who did not qualify as children, will most likely receive a package of Medicaid benefits referred to as “benchmark‐equivalent coverage.” The Affordable Care Act also provides an affordable option to those youths without insurance under their parents. According to Obamacarefacts.org, the Affordable Care Act extended several provisions to young individuals that were uninsured because they had not qualified for medicaid or could not afford private insurance. The Affordable Care Act has created a new mandatory eligibility category requiring the state to cover individuals with incomes no greater than $30,000/year and under the age of 65 as long as they were not pregnant, disabled, or eligible for/enrolled in Medicare.. Along with that, the act also forces Medicaid coverage of all youths under the age of 18 in