The Civil Rights era was a time of great turmoil and injustice for African Americans, however, Martin Luther King brought forth a tremendous amount of change through his “Letter from Birmingham Jail” and his “I Have a Dream Speech”. Both documents demanded that the unjust treatment of African Americans had to change, as well heavily urged African Americans to remain peaceful and not resort to violence. King’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail” was an excellent example for demanding change since the primary message of King’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail” was calling forth white moderates along with the church to no longer sit on the sidelines and allow the injustices on African Americans to continue any further. The “Letter from Birmingham Jail” focused on discussing the morality of the unjust laws created, and differentiates between man-made law and moral law. This was specifically done to show white moderates that civil disobedience was not entirely a negative thing.
He also gives the audience a better understanding by giving a visual glimpse of what the black community had to endure. Dr. King also included definitions and examples of unjust and just laws, and how they are not right. He included an example of these “laws” by talking about the things Adolf Hitler did was allowed but supposedly helping someone was not allowed. He writes and uses the letter to show the white Americans that are unaware of what is happening around them. Even, though Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is best remembered for his powerful voice and pathos in this letter is a thoughtful logical argument.
The first leader, Martin Luther King Jr., was a reverend from Atlanta, Georgia, who advocated peace and tolerance between all races. He led huge numbers of people in protests against injustice and inequality, but he always insisted that his protests be peaceful and representative of love between different groups of people. His way of thinking would lead to the advancement of civil rights ideals for decades to come following his assassination, which left the movement in shock. Another leader who had tremendous influence and cultural significance was Malcolm X. X took his name because he considered his original name, Malcolm Little, to be a slave name and therefore unrepresentative of who he was. This mentality of separation from traditionally white culture
God says that we should love everyone we encounter, but in no way did segregation spread love. Even though segregation obviously went against the morals of the black churches, it did not seem to be something the white churches spoke out against. With both church groups being Christians, it is shocking that the congregations followed such starkly different paths when it came to the issue of segregation in the South, which in turn resulted in a severe question of
The idea of them being an unfit race who was in need of probation and instruction seemed to more closely relate to white Klansmen of the South. Their actions spoke louder than words and it seemed as though they were begging to be put in their place. African Americans were not to be punished, if anything it was the white men. They enslaved African Americans, beat, and battered them for years yet when they finally get their freedom it’s as though life will never continue to flourish. The South proved that they needed probation that was never forced upon them.
Many people before him tried to take a stand and get past these hard times through the use of violence and were unsuccessful. Martin Luther King Jr., however, decided to take a different approach. He used civil disobedience in order to establish racial equality in Birmingham as well as the rest of the country. He did this because he knew “that he was cognizant of the interrelatedness of all communities and states. And he was unable to sit idly by in Atlanta and not be concerned about what would happened in Birmingham” meaning he knew that he if did not try to help Birmingham, other places would be affected too, and that is because when injustice occurs in one place, it indirectly affects people in other places as well (King paragraph 4).
MLK and Malcolm X appeal to their audience's emotions and religious beliefs in their documents “A letter from a Birmingham jail” and “The Ballot or the Bullet.” King was a man of peace and he knew that two acts of violence would not result in the outcome of friendship. King starts his letter off with “My Dear Fellow Clergymen”. King starts his
King follows the rest of the letter with more emotional cries, which included the split that had formed within the black community, on the argument of civil rights; Some had begun to settle for segregation, including some of the clergymen who had criticized King. Near the end, he opposes the clergymen's praise toward the Birmingham Police Department, by providing a vivid description of the attack on himself and his fellow protesters, leading up to his arrest. MLK closes his letter by stating his current situation, apologizing for the letter's length, and portraying a deep sense of pity, as he wishes for all to find faith for a better future. Martin Luther King's Letter from Birmingham City Jail makes heavy use of ethos and logos to clarify issues and concerns from his criticizers, but relies even more on the emotional connection that it portrays on the reader. With this clarification, King is able to defend his image, and re-ignite the drive, that his imprisonment and criticism had halted, towards the progression of the Civil Rights Movement.
Malcolm X’s assassination was not justified because he was an activist for equality, and a symbol of change; however, many people blame him for causing riots. Even though people blame him for causing and condemning the riots, it is believed that he lead our country through a time filled with chaos and travesty. Malcolm X had one main goal and it was for blacks and whites to be truly and wholeheartedly equal. One way he planned to achieve this was to preach and cause a surge in black pride. He coined the term Black Power in order to improve the black community and help black people realize their true potential and recognize that they were a proud people
Ali’s experiences living as an African American Muslim among a White Christian society made him believe that the white man is the devil and that the war in Vietnam is the work of the devil. This made Ali not want to fight for a group of people who have treated him like a second-class citizen all his life because of the color of his skin. George Hebert Mead believed that the development of an individual was a social process, because of his interactions with other people Ali developed a negative meaning to the war and ultimately decided that he was not going to find in what he saw as an unjust