Tdap Case Studies

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1.2 What kind of MMR vaccine exists and when it is given?

The measles, mumps, rubella vaccine is made up of a live-virus, which means that the virus is weakened although alive. This happens so as the body is able to recognize the virus so it will fight it if it ever gets in the body. There are three separate vaccines for measles, mumps and rubella. Nevertheless, the most common vaccine is given in the form of three in one. The MMR vaccine is recommended for all young children, which is given at the age of 12 to 13 months. This vaccine is also needed at around 3 years, just before entering kindergarten.

1.3 How effective is the vaccine?

The measles vaccine is over 95% successful after the first dose and over 99% successful after the second
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After the first dose it is 80-85% successful. As a result, there are only few cases of diphtheria and less than 50 cases of tetanus in the United States every year compared to the thousands of cases in other parts of the world. Despite this the effectiveness of this vaccine, becomes weaker over time and so another boost is needed at 3 years old. In addition, the Tdap vaccine is also recommended in adolescences and adults.

2.4 What are some side effects of the DTaP vaccine?

The most common problems that children can have after getting the DTaP vaccines are fever, swelling or redness in the area that the shot was given, and also the area where they were given can feel sore and tender. Despite this there can be other side effects such as tiredness, vomiting, high fever and seizures in which is very rare and occurs only in one in a million children.

2.5 What can be the reasons that children do not get the DTAP
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This means that yeast cells are used to duplicate a protein on the outer wall of the virus of the Hepatitis B. then this protein is filtered out and it is used in the vaccine. This way the child will not get infected as only part of the protein is infected with the virus. If a child is allergic to yeast on the other hand he will have a reaction. This vaccine is given to children three times. It is first given shortly after birth especially if they are carriers. It is also give between the ages of 1 to 2 months. It is also given again between 6 to 18 months. (Ajjan, 2011)

3.3 How effective is the Hepatitis B vaccine?

The Hepatitis B vaccine is very effective. Research shows that 99% of the children who are given the shot is protected after the three doses. Despite this research is still being carried out. About how long the protection of this vaccine lasts. Some say that it last for over 10 years, but others say that it lasts more since no vaccine is recommend for adults. In addition some children do not respond to the vaccine and research said that it might be genetic.

3.4 What are some side effects of this

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