Mnemonics In Literature

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The main aim of this study was to lead EFL teachers and learners to notice the circumstance of vocabulary learning and to enhance their improvement by using the key word method. It is an attempt on the part of teachers to match their vocabulary teaching style with learners‟ learning style. Mnemonics or the art of memory is considered to be a deep intellectual interest.This technique provides a powerful device with respect to words which have a high degree of “image ability” or tow word pairs between which the learner be able to make some kind of semantic links (Ellis, 1997).
The results of this study are congruent with those of other studies conducted by (Scruggs, Mastorpieri, Berkeley, & Marshak 2010) which have emphasized
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According to van Hall & Candia Mahn, 1997 a major degree of forgetting is associated with the keyword mnemonic strategy relative to a non-mnemonic strategy (e.g., rote learning). Empirical studies have been shown that…show more content…
They have indicated that the KWM is less effective than rote learning when applied to adolescents and adults in classroom settings. Their findings are consistent with those of Levin, Pressley and McCormick (1979), who found that the KWM does not work well when applied in high school classrooms, but can have significant positive effects when applied to elementary school classrooms. The authors also have claimed the statistical results show that inexperienced high school learners can benefit more from the KWM than their more experienced peers. In contrast to the aforementioned studies, Sagarra and Alba (2006) found different outcomes. With regard to short term retention, the keyword learners outscored the rote memorization in which learners studied the new words with their L1 translation, and the rote memorization group outperformed those learning by semantic mapping, in which L1 words relating to the L2 word were presented in a diagram. With respect to long term retention, the scores from the 3-week delayed post-test showed that the lowest one was from semantic mapping (31%), followed by rote memorization (26%), and the keyword method (23%).however, the modified keyword method does not always enhance the word recall of adult subjects. In line with that, the keyword method is effective among elementary school children (Wyra, Lawson, & Hungi, 2007).

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