From where the sun now, stands, I will fight no more forever”. The US Government broke a treaty with the Nez Perce forcing them off their lands of the Wallowa Valley to be put on a reservation in Northwest Idaho. When Chief Joseph heard about a few young Nez Perce killing a few white settlers he started one of the greatest retreats in American military history. Over the next three months Chief Joseph led his people 1,000 miles to try and get to the Canadian border with 2,000 strong army after them. They were not successful, only 40 miles short Chief Joseph was surrounded by the US
Hunger, lack of occupations, and Indian attacks got to be the main causes of the colonists’ deaths. This event changed history. Colonists suffered starvation due to the environment and lack of skills. There were no famers on the ship list ( Smith). Without farmers, the colonist could not grow crops and so they starved.
WAnother reason why so many colonists died is, the Powhatan Indians. From the time the colonists arrived through August the Indians killed at least 5. (Fausz) At first it seems as though the Indians left the colonists alone. However between 1609-1610, the Indians killed at least 110 colonists.
King Philip’s War began as a result of political tension, for the leader, Metacom, suspected the English of murder. He, however, managed peace for a number of years, until the English began making accusations against him. The Native Americans began to launch raids and attacks on the settlers, but nothing of substantial size. They were defeated in 1676, around the time of Metacom’s death. 40 years earlier, during the Pequot War, English settlers set fire to a Pequot village, killing the entire village, known as the Mystic
1st Set of Journal Entries Entry 1: Accounts of the Wounded Knee Massacre What was the Wounded Knee Massacre? The Wounded Knee Massacre or the Battle of the Wounded Knee was the last armed conflict between the Great Sioux Nation and the United States of America. It occurred at Wounded Knee, South Dakota on December 29, 1890. The United States Army used Hotchkiss cannons while Sioux warriors were poorly unarmed.
More native fought back such as the seminole tribe fought against the act and it was called the Seminole Wars. there were three separate “wars”. It started as natives responding to getting pushed off their land. In the end, white started to provoke violence so they could be justified in killing natives.
The Indian Removal Act was passed in the year 1830 and by 1837 46,000 Native Americans were forced from their lands. “Long time we travel on way to new land. People feel bad when we leave old nation. Women cry and make sad wails. Children cry and many men cry, and all look sad like when friends die, but they say nothing and keep on going towards west.
Ray Owen, of Prairie Island Indian Community, 2010 Mni Sota, states that according to the oral histories of many of those who live in Minnesota, these areas have been Dakota homeland for thousands of years. " Even today, you live in the United States of Dakota. All of this is Dakota Territory." (1) Mni Sota, micoke – Dakota translation as ‘home of the cloud tinted waters’, Minnesota - known by North Americans as the ‘Land of 10,000 Lakes’, lies at the northern end of the Mississippi River and the westernmost point of the inland waterway that extends through the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence Seaway to the Atlantic Ocean.
In this essay, I have shown you the differences and stories in each section of the United States. I showed you the north, middle, and south colonies. We talked about MumBett, Cato, and slaves breaking out. Hopefully you have seen how the late 1700s are compared to
In need of help, the farmers sought aid from the government, which seemed to be ignored, eventually leading to intense frustration and erupting in violence. A group of farmers in Massachusetts lead by Daniel Shays, growing to nearly 2,500, rallied to demand change, but ultimately ended with the violent clash between the group and the state militia (Shea, Green, Smith 52). Shay’s Rebellion highlighted the gaping flaws of the Articles and in the months following, lead to a meeting to revise the Articles, known as the Constitutional Convention. “In late May 1787, some 55 delegates from every state except Rhode Island came together at the Pennsylvania State House in Philadelphia for the purpose of proposing changes to the Articles of Confederation. Congress … did not expect that the Articles
Sitting Bull was killed by order of the troops and his brother Chief Big Foot was next. Chief Big Foot along with 300 surviving Sioux were killed along with 25 troops. This massacre at Wounded
The 1870s, the time after the Civil War, was a decade of imperialism, great invention, reconstruction, labor unions and strikes, and the Sioux Wars. Especially The battle of the little Bighorn, was a crushing defeat for the 7th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army under George Armstrong Custer. The 700 men strong 7th Cavalry Regiment were defeated by the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Arapaho, which were leaded by several important war leaders, including Crazy Horse and Chief Gall, Sitting Bull. The reason of the Sioux Wars, and so also of the battle of the little Bighorn, was that the Native Americans fight for their land. The Battle of Little Bighorn was a training point in the relation between America and Native America because
In South Dakota the dance movement alarmed the white authorities, American soldiers. They banned the ghost dance from the Lakota reservations and the Indians did not listen. In December of 1890 nearly two hundred Indians, twenty five soldiers died. Consisting of men, women and children. It was called the Battle of Wounded
Imagine being forced to leave your home, just for the reason of white settlers needing land to plant cotton. In 1814, Andrew Jackson from Tennessee commanded, the U.S. military forces that defeated a faction of the Cherokee nation. In their defeat, they lost 22 million acres of land. The Cherokees were given two years to migrate voluntarily, at the end of the two years the Cherokees would be removed by force. In 1838 only 2,000 had migrated and 16,000 remained on the land.
After fighting a losing battle against the English settlers, Native Americans found themselves cornered with the passage of the Indian Appropriations Act of 1851. Authorizing the creation of Indian areas in what is now Oklahoma, the native population was once again forced into even smaller fields of land called reservations. The U.S. government made several promises to provide the tribal members with food and supplies, but fell short in keeping them. In addition, there were strict limitations on the Native Americans ability to hunt, fish, and gather food. With all of these restrictions in place, the Americans were given the upper hand in terms of controlling the Indians.