Mary was afraid of Abigail Williams and didn’t tell the truth fearing that Abigail would hurt her. While, she developed as a character and made better choices for herself. Acts 3 and 4 she attempted to help John try to accuse Abigail Williams of lying about witchcraft in the court. “I-I promise you, Mr.Danforth, I only thought I saw them but I did not’.”(Miller 100). At that point in time Mary Warren and John Proctor both tried to prove Abigail Williams and the other girls of faking it until, act 4 when she backstabbed John Proctor and made her own claim that John Proctor was satan.”You’re the devil’s man.” (Miller 110).
In the situation of a hysteria, there always are people who don’t participate in it. They will often stand out for justice, and point of the ridiculousness of the hysteria. Reverend Hale and Giles Corey are people who behave in that way. At first, Hale’s opinion toward the whole incident of witch hunt is same as the people in Salem. However, as the whole incident becomes out of control, he realizes something is wrong.
It last theory is that the afflicted girls accused the victims because they wanted revenge, but it is unlikely for children to hold a grudge with so many people. Most of the accusers came from high families, “Was some of the witch hunting the result of that big fight between Reverend Parris and the members of his congregation who refused to pay his salary”(- Schanzer 113)? Could it be that the parents of the accusers were malicious and fervently wanted to purposely cause their enemies to be condemned to death. It is quite a possibility due to the fact that people were not as friendly with each other as they are today. “But in the trials, neighbors also testified against neighbors, bringing up grievances as a way of getting revenge”(-Spiritual Travels).
All references to witchcraft are connected with fear, suspicion and the collapse of normal social values. In the fervor of the witch trials, Abigail is put on a pedestal by the people of Salem and treated as though she has a direct connection with the Divine. Through cold calculation, Abigail carefully selects the people that she accuses in order to establish her credibility. Thus, she first accuses the town’s social deviants, as she knows the court is already predisposed to convict them. Soon a mere accusation from her becomes enough reason to convict even important, influential people.
During both Salem and McCarthy eras, their moral codes were not exactly used the right way. Long term relationships would come to an end, friends would turn against each other, or others would simply point fingers without having actual evidence. Usually the persecutors would be easily persuaded one was either a witch or a communist member. The search of any suspicion of either being a witch or communist would eventually lead to “ a hunt not just for subversive people, but for ideas and even a suspect language.” (Miller 2). The people’s moral instincts were damaged because of the chaos created from the situation.
When Abigail approaches Proctor and talks to him, she tells him how they are faking witchcraft. Proctor then tries to stop the trials when he realizes that the girls have faked it. Later on, he is accused of witchcraft and will not falsely admit to it and is hanged at the end of the play. Throughout the play, Proctor shows both honorable and flawed traits. However, many of Proctor’s flawed actions overshadow those that are honorable.
This is an example of Dramatic Irony because the reader already knows that John has confessed to adultery, but Elizabeth doesn't so she lies in hopes of protecting his reputation. Elizabeth's attempt in maintaining John’s Power caused her and John to both have bad reputations, and resulted in John being out on death row. from this, more chaos in the community is created because of more deaths of significant characters, leaving the town to run with orphans and rotting from lack of order. In the text, Irony is used to really create a lot of the conflicts in the
Abigail blames different people but she also blames John Proctor’s wife, Elizabeth. Abigail goes to Proctor and begs for him back and also confesses to the accusations being false. Many people start going to court and confess to signing their souls over to the devil. Proctor, to save his wife’s life, tells the truth but the court does not believe him and he is hung. The Crucible does a great job in showing the prejudice and hypocrisy in real life events.
The essential action of trying to convince people in the scene that she is telling the truth is to show the people in the scene that Abigail is a liar and reduce her chances of getting in trouble The essential action of kneeling down and begging mister Hale not to hang her is that Tituba wants to save her life. By kneeling down, Tituba shows that she is remorseful and shows submissiveness toward mister Hale. Tituba wants to appear as though she is helpless and that her life is in mister Hales who has the power to Hang Tituba. The essential action for confessing to witchcraft and to having seen the devil is so as to escape punishment. Tituba knows that if she does not confess, she will be hanged and therefore, she chooses to lie because she knows that the people in the scene want to hear her say that she is bewitched and that the devil is present in
Abigail and the other accusers blamed others in order to escape criticisms. Judge Danforth, to keep his power and pride, refused to recognize that those accused might not be guilty. Lastly, those who dishonestly confessed to being a witch did so to stay alive. These actions drove the town to panic, and made people scramble to place guilt on someone else as well. Clearly, Salem in the late 1600s was a dangerous place to be, with accusations of witchcraft being thrown around with desperation and
Many innocent people were put to their death over foolish accusations of being involved with witchcraft. No one really knows the true reasons for why the young girls started to say they were possessed and that people they knew were witches, or even why the villagers decided to believe them. Over the years, many people have come up with different assumptions to try to explain what might have actually been going on during the trials such as the idea of the girls simply wanting to receive as much attention as they could possibly have. Another idea individuals have come up with was that the bread the villagers were eating included a mold which simulated the effects of LSD. However, no one actually knows the truth of what happened in the village of Salem during the trials except for the people who were actually involved.
Proctor begins his pleas by stating he needs assistance to get the favorable view, especially if no one steps in to show mercy. And how the Magistrates already are delusioned by the devil yet they know they are innocent. Although they were imprisoned they were still being accused of being seen making no sense to him. Then brings in how the Carriers sons were tormented till saying the “truth” but how they blamed their mother making her serve nine weeks. Even so his own son did not want to “confess” and could have continued to be tortured if no one had stepped in, which I believe if someone with power had stepped in since the start they would have not gone on that mad killing of
Due to this belief, they were inclined to make some of the most improbable explanations to the situations that were occurring. Multiple cases were filed after the 9-year old Elizabeth and 11-year old Abigail were diagnosed. The behavior consisted of uncontrollable fits and screaming. After the community found out about the first diagnosis, everyone was afraid of the people and their family because they thought they would catch whatever they had. Not much later, the first witch was hung.
.learned to smother the rage [he] felt at so often being mistaken for a criminal. Not to do so would surely have led to madness. . .” (386). The stirring use of pathos here makes the audience feel not only for him, but for all others in similar situations.
Groupthink is not always productive thought. Mob mentality is dangerous sometimes because people will do and say things they would never dream of if they were alone. Crimes have been committed as a group, and everyone is as guilty as the one that actually committed the crime in some cases. Being around the same people day after day, people with the same gripes, political stripes and even of the same religion can lead to a bunker mentality. One person in the group feels slighted by something they have seen or heard and soon the entire group has become offended by something they have never experienced firsthand.