Research design is the structure which is considered very important to both data collection and analysis. It is the plan for achieving the aims and objectives of the investigation. Oppenheim (1992) pointed out that the term research design refers to a basic plan or strategy of research and the logic behind it, which will make it possible and valid to draw more general conclusions from it. Kumar (2009) defined research design as a procedural plan that is adopted by the researcher to answer question validity objectively, accurately and economically. Understanding the philosophical issues of research design is of crucial importance for three reasons.
INTRODUCTION A research is generally defined as a systematic way of gathering data, recording it and analyzing it further to guide business decision making. It includes three main steps i.e. gathering data, recording it and analyzing it further for the evaluative results. A research is mainly conducted to make business decisions to handle uncertain situations. It is mainly conducted to give proper and timely information to the top management for their decision making.
The main purpose of this chapter is to provide an outline of the research methods that will be used and to explain the procedures that will be employed to collect the data in the intended study. Since the scope of the study has been determined, and its aim and objectives have also been identified, it is very important to outline the methodology that will be adopted to pursue the issues relating to the research questions. This involves indicating the particular research philosophy and strategic approach that will be assumed by the researcher. Research is a systematic investigation to increase the sum of knowledge (Fellows and Liu, 2003). Marshal and Rossman (2006) define research as a systematic inquiry to provide a better understanding of
Chapter 3: Research Methodology 3.0 Introduction This chapter discusses the techniques or methods that are suitable to be adopted in order to carry out this research. A well-developed methodology is essential to produce a certain degree of accuracy and value of a research. Hence, elements included in chapter 3 are research design, data collection method, sampling design, research instrument, construct measurement, processing of data, and also data analysis. 3.1 Research Design According to Zikmund (2010), research design is a master plan for collecting and analyzing the needed information by specifying the methods and procedures. Creswell (2009) also explains that research design is the research process that involves the overall
A research design is the arrangement of conditions for collection and analysis of data in a fashion which aspires to combine relevance to the research purpose. The data will be collected for both primary and secondary sources. The primary source will be the respondents concerned and selected by using a predefined questionnaire. The secondary source will be the academic books, Organization’s website to conduct this research
Research is a way of gathering information and acquiring knowledge whether from the traditional sources or scientific method. However, scientific methods are more orderly process because it combines induction, deduction, observation and hypothesis testing into a set of reflective thinking activities at which it tries to describe reality truthfully. It is a system of way in producing knowledge. According to Denzin & Lincoln (1994), a qualitative research focuses on interpretation of phenomena in their natural settings to make sense in terms of the meanings people bring to these settings. Overall, a good research is depends on the ability of researchers to conceptualise ideas and how well others understand the concepts used.
Chapter 3 is about research methodology. Research methodology is the process used to collect information and data for the purpose of making business decisions. The methodology may include publication research, interviews, surveys and other research techniques, and could include both present and historical information. For this research, research use questionnaire to get the accurate
It examines phenomenon through the numerical representation of observations and statistical analysis. Quantitative research could also be about asking people for their opinions in a structured way in other to have hard facts and statistics to guide 3. RESEARCH PROCESS Research: is a method of describing, exploring, relating or establishing the fact of an existing concept, factors affecting the phenomena and the relationship among them. Process: collection of the activities carried out in the research is referred to as the process. Research process is an orderly and systematic process that requires more art than science through thought and patience.
The purpose of writing a research proposal is to give the detail about the operational plan for obtaining answers to research questions. In other to give the supervisor about what researcher propose to do, how researcher plan to proceed and why the selected strategy has been chosen. This chapter provides a framework within which a research proposal for both quantitative and qualitative studies should be written. A well-organized proposal might follow these headings: introduction (the main area of the study), research problem (details the specific problem under study), objective of the study (main objectives and sub objectives), hypotheses, study design, setting, measurement procedures, sampling, analysis of date (the procedure for data analysis), structure of the report, and problem and limitation. It should be written in academic style.
Research can verify or refine previous research studies. But generally, research is used to gather information for business, professional or personal decision making. (Maddock, J. E., & Reger-Nash, B., 2008). 2.0 What is formative research? Formative research is one of the most important element of facilitating the design of programs and services.