Model Of Cartel Party

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The model of the ‘cartel party, as outlined by Katz and Mair, first in their 1995 article pertaining to the topic, Changing Models of Party Organization and Party Democracy; The Emergence of the Cartel Party, then once again in the revised article titled The Cartel Party Thesis: A Restatement, in 2009 is one that the established parties in Western Europe have adapted themselves to declining levels of participation and involvement by party members by not only availing of the resources provided by the state but by doing so in a collusive manner, functioning like cartels. According to Katz and Mair parties from various European countries have developed into this model in recent times. This essay will analyze first the organizational structure…show more content…
By contrast, public subsidies are of little importance to British parties. In the United Kingdom there is ‘where a tradition of adversary politics combines with relatively limited state support for party organizations’ (Katz and Mair, 1995). There are public subsidies to that are allocated to party organizations but only rather modest payments to the parliamentary parties. The formation of the cartel party model has been limited because even though the British parties (the Labour Party and the Conservative Party) are clearly in control of the political decision-making process, the major parties ‘choose to rely on non-state sources of finance’ (Detterbeck, 2005). Within the Westminster system there is greater leeway given to the party in government when it comes to patronage potential that could have the party more reliant on state funds. However in the 1970s the Labour party attempted to introduce public subsidies to parties but ‘hesitated to go further than introducing modest grants to the opposition parties in parliament (‘Short Money’) in 1974 (Detterbeck, 2005). The access to wealthy donors, the Conservatives while in opposition rendered inter-party cooperation unnecessary and infeasible, limiting the extent of the cartel model outlined by Katz and Mair at that time. The…show more content…
Under Blair, in the 1990s, the government successfully undertook efforts to reduce the financial dependence on the unions and to expand the party budget by ‘reversing the downward trend of individual party membership, raising membership fees and attracting donations from the business sector’ (Scarrow, 1996). This is when the cartelization of the Labour party starts to show evidence as since the party had made more revenues it possible to expand and professionalize party headquarters, and to employ new strategies of political marketing and capital-intensive campaigning (Detterbeck, 2005). Subsequently this new era of the Labour party started attempting to attract new and different sectors of society, instead of moving towards the state. At the same time, the parliamentary party elite could ‘increase its political autonomy by reducing the policy input of trade unionist leaders and party activists through party reforms’ (Detterbeck, 2005). This is the party organizational behaviour Katz and Mair associated with the formation of cartel parties. Those who had direct impact on party policies were not given the attention that the party was giving to a wider spectrum of society. The two main parties in Britain have not completely severed ties with their historical allegiances,

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