The social process theory of crime is an essential tool for criminologists and other justice related professionals. The social process theory contains three other sub theories, social learning, social reaction, and social control. The social process theory and sub theories interpret criminal behavior as a purpose of people’s interactions with establishments, organizations, and processes within the society (Siegel, 222). Domestic violence in this sense will focus around the social control sub theory, but any of the sub theories within the social process theory could apply. To use the social leaning theory a criminologist or specialist in the field must take account of the felon’s relationships and environment (Siegel, 228).
The labeling theory is based of off opinions and conclusions made by sociologists and others; however, there has been extensive research on how the labeling theory is used in the criminal justice system. Not only can this concept be applied to criminology but also our daily lives. If we understand the labels we give people and the labels we own, we would be able to understand where we make judgement flaws. I think we could all agree that people can be nasty towards others and in order to improve we must be willing to educate ourselves in
Correspondingly Bandura, Berkowitz and others believed that The Frustration Aggression Hypothesis should be modified and from there research and findings they came up with a theory called The Social Learning Theory. The Social Learning theory argues that frustration does not always lead to aggression but creates a condition of readiness for you to cope in the threatening situation. The theory believes the individual will have a different response based on the ways they have learned to cope in situations in early life, for example the individual may cry, become silent, become recluse, may take his anger out on others and might speak to someone to help vent their aggression. In comparison an experiment undertook by Bandura (1965) demonstrated that aggressive responses can be learned by reinforcement or imitation by modelling which comes under Social Learning theory. Bandura used a blow up doll called a Bobo doll and observed nursery children 's behaviour as adults hit the doll aggressively with different things, when the children were then left in the room with the doll they began to emulate the actions they had seen the adults doing to the doll.
The social control theory (also known as the social bond theory) has a close tie to crime as it is a proposal that emphasizes what people take into consideration before breaking the law or becoming deviant. Some of these include commitments, relationships, values, norms and beliefs. Travis Hirshi developed this theory in the year 1969 as an effort to answer the question as to why people obey the law. The theory implies that when the bond to society has weakened, people are more likely to participate in criminal activity. A sufficient amount of social connections and social networking would usually prevent the immoral actions but as a person experiences it less the probability that they would participate in those kinds of activities increases.
This episode would have made me think criminals are victims of their environment, as the character would not have been on steroids if his father lessened the pressure on him and give him better examples of appropriate behavior. I would have deemed that the criminal justice system has some flaws due to Stabler’s act of wanting to let the accused off for his father. Although this episode only portrayed some criminological theories, it highlighted that there are alternate reasons criminals behave in violent matters. Overall, the episode was interesting, insightful, and clearly depicted criminal activity from a variety of
He believed laws were created in order to create a form of social contract. He believed that the purpose of punishment was to be used as a deterrent to keep criminals from committing more crimes. Punishment should be swift and severe, but only severe enough to outweigh the potential pleasures or personal benefits derived from committing crimes (Julianhermida.com, 2016). The Rational Choice theory derived from classical theorist. With this theory, it is believed that criminals consider the risks and rewards of committing a crime before they commit the act (Bohm & Vogel,
There are several fundamental assumptions that all psychological theories of deviance have in common. First, an individual is responsible for their criminal or deviant acts and their personality is the major motivational component that drives deviant behavior within individuals. Third, criminals and deviants are seen as suffering from personality deficiencies. So in theory, crimes result from abnormal, dysfunctional, or inacceptable mental processes within the personality of the
A theory that explains juvenile delinquency is the Psychological theory. This theory focuses on the personality of the offenders rather than biological or social situations. This theory easily explains juvenile delinquency when looking at the three interrelated parts of the personality- id, ego, and superego. The id is the part of the personality that is supposed to destroy aggression which usually controlled as a person grows and learns social norms and rules; however, an over aggressive person may have an under regulated id which could cause them to be violent. The superego gives you feelings of guilt and knowing right from wrong yet some might not have that.
In my paper, I am going to discuss and talk about the different types of serial killers and what triggers their behaviors. In addition, I will be explaining two types of theories that I believe relate and pertain to serial killers. The first theory I will shed light upon is the biological theory. Scientific research demonstrate and explain that certain biological characteristics increase the probability of an individual engaging in behaviors such as, violence or antisocial actions. These behaviors are defined as criminal or delinquent.
As with Davis’ critique, Braithwaite (2002) states that some individuals already have established negative labels from institutes such as the home and a school, henceforth the labelling process is to blame rather than the criminal justice system itself. In conclusion, labelling theory or symbolic interactionism is important to the criminal justice system because it allows officials to examine how society perceives offenders once labels have been administered. Despite its many critiques, disadvantages and consequences; this theory in some cases can prevent youths from committing future crimes as well as diverting them from the criminal justice system to ensure law abiding
The general findings were that individuals who were going to disobey were those who responded not to the learner’s cries of pain but to the learners request to be set free. People are more likely to obey if there is an authority figure there to take the blame. “The power of legitimate, close-at-hand authorities is dramatically apparent in stories of those who complied with orders to carry out the atrocities of the Holocaust, and those who didn’t.” (Social Psychology) Milgram’s experiment further proves that obedience plays a major part in behavior and people are going to do what is necessary to fit