Models In Human Science

1161 Words5 Pages
Models are generalizations of processes, patterns and systems of human interactions and experience. Models can be seen and used in our everyday life. They make life easier in a way – they help us in understanding concepts that can be related to all the parts in our lives. The good thing with models is that they can provide a very clear explanation of a certain concept, because they leave out the things that might make the explanation more complex. This gives us general rules that are widely used. In this essay, models from the point of view of human sciences will be considered. Human sciences consider psychology, economics, human geography, anthropology, sociology and political science. What all of these have in common is that they all study…show more content…
Sigmund Freud. He introduced the psychodynamic theory. It stated that human behavior is motivated by one’s aggressive and sexual drives and that childhood experiences form our personality. The clear weakness in this theory, however, is the fact that it lacks any scientific credibility. You cannot test one’s mind processes with the scientific method. You also cannot generalize the results Freud got from the experiences he made with individuals to a large number of people. This is one reason of why the use of models in human sciences can be extremely difficult and untrustworthy and therefore can hinder the gaining of knowledge. In response to the counter claim, even though the results from Freud’s experiments cannot be fully generalized, the model can still be useful. Still nowadays it’s used in patient analysis. Of course, as mentioned, one cannot be completely sure that this model offers a good framework for the treatment of patients, but like all models it offers an explanation to a difficult thing. The second knowledge question discussed is: “How have the models in economics helped in gaining knowledge and how reliable is the…show more content…
Also, when we are trying to gain knowledge, we can just simply accept the models as true, without questioning them and act among them. This applies to the economical models too. An example of this is one of the most important models in economics: the Keynesian model. Its main, most important point is that with its theoretical model it is possible to calculate the exact amount of either how much the taxes must be lowered or how much the government should increment their spending in order to achieve full employment in the country. The problem with this model is that it doesn’t take into account any other factors that can be the cause of unemployment. That proves that even those models that are valued a lot and considered to be almost certain can still be vague enough to not fully trust it. In response to the counter claim, as mentioned before, models are not supposed to be perfect. They can contain mistakes that can be fixed and polished over time as they are noticed. This is why also the Keynesian model shouldn’t be judged as being completely wrong right away, because just like a model is supposed to do, it helps us in understanding a difficult concept and presents it in a simplified form that everyone can
Open Document