Modern Biology: The Central Dogma Of Modern Biology

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The central dogma of modern biology is that DNA gets transcribed into a transportable compound that’s composed of mRNA. The mRNA then synthesizes a particular protein or group of small proteins. Genes made up of proteins, give a set of instructions for a function that a molecule needs to do in the cell. An epigenome is a compound that sits on DNA and controls your gene expression. The central dogma of modern biology is related to epigenetics because the environment can influence which genes are expressed and which are not or how much a gene is expressed.
The central dogma of biology starts with DNA. DNA is made up of a 2 chains of complementary nucleotide bases A, T, C, and G. DNA determines a person 's phenotypes, likelihood to get a disease, and more. Through a process called transcription, DNA is copied to make RNA. RNA is copied from only one strand of DNA from the 3’ end to the 5’ end. RNA has one base that is different than that of DNA’s nucleotide bases there for thymine is transcribed into Uracil. RNA pairs into three bases that get translated into proteins. Through translation, the RNA is “read” to see which proteins they code for. These proteins code for certain genetics that expresses function, phenotypes, etc.
Epigenetics is the study of heritable gene changes that happen because of age, one’s lifestyle, the environment, disease state, etc. Epigenomes are compounds that attach themselves to specific parts of the DNA to change its role. One of the most common

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