Modern Food Processing Process

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Ancient Period- Early humans, probably by trial and error, started to develop basic forms of food preservation, which possible also made safer, with crude processing methods that included slaughtering, fermenting, sun drying, preserving with salt.

1809- Nicolas Appert invented a vacuum bottling technique that would supply food for French troops.

1810- Development of tinning and then canning by Peter Durand. Although initially expensive and somewhat hazardous due to the lead used in cans, canned goods later became a staple around the world.

1862-Pasteurization, discovered by Louis Pasteur was a significant advance in ensuring the microbiological safety of food.

1890-1910 Trans fats were invented. Some processed foods became available
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Ready-to-cook foods became widely available. New kitchen tools and appliances introduced, such as refrigerators and gas stoves so more types of food could be purchased and stored. Example of processed foods are: Babyruth candy bar, Reese's peanut buttercups, popsicles.

1930- Great Depression Looming

Families had to get by with less, budget friendly and stretchy. Adding more beans and vegetables and lessen the proteins. Colonel Harland Sanders invented his secret in spicing fried chickens.

1940- World War II, Feeding the soldiers.

With World War II raging, the problem occurred on how to feed the fighting soldiers. So they invented a chocolate covered with candy that will not melt in their hands-M&Ms. After the war, many new “convenience foods” were introduced (dehydrated juice, instant coffee, cake mix). Adding to convenience in the kitchen, Tupperware and Reynolds Wrap aluminum foil were introduced. The first Dairy Queen and McDonald’s fast food restaurants opend. Farmers used fertilization and irrigation to increase crop yields, decreasing the vitamins and minerals in those plants.

Some 1940s foods:

M&Ms
Pillsbury cake mix
Cheetos
1950- First Microwave was
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The popularity of television, the invention of the remote control and the introduction of the first microwave oven for home use didn’t exactly add to health.

1960- Radical Change and Experimentation

Vegetarianism was a trend. Fondue parties were all very popular. Outdoor cooking on the backyard barbecue grill. Aluminum cans were first used commercially for foods and beverages, and irradiation was used for the first time to sterilize dried fruits and vegetables and stop spraying and control insect infestation.

Processed foods this decade:

Tab and Diet Pepsi soft
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